April Activities


April Fool!
Bateman, Teresa.  April Foolishness.  Illus. by Nadine Bernard Westcott.  Albert Whitman, 2004.  Gr. K-2
Brown, Marc.  Arthur’s April Fool.  Little, Brown, 1983.  Gr. K-3
deGroat, Diane.  April Fool! Watch Out at School!  HarperCollins, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Hill, Susanna Leonard.  April Fool, Phyllis!  Illus. by Jeffrey Ebbeler.  Holiday House, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Kroll, Steven.  It’s April Fool’s Day!  Illus. by Jeni Bassett.  Holiday House, 1990.  Gr. K-2
Markham, Marion.  The April Fool’s Day Mystery.  Illus. by Paul Estrada.  Houghton Mifflin, 1991.  Gr. 2-4
McDonald, Megan.  April Fools', Mr. Todd!  Illus. by Erwin Madrid.  Candlewick, 2017.  Gr. 1-3
McMullan, Kate.  Pearl and Wagner: One Funny Day (Easy-to-Read).  Illus. by R. W. Alley.  Dial, 2009.  Gr. K-2
Minarik, Else Holmelund.  April Fools!  Illus. by Chris Hahner.  Harper, 2002.  Gr. Pre-2
Modell, Frank.  Look Out, It’s April Fools’ Day.  Morrow, 1985.  Gr. K-3
Ruelle, Karen Gray.  April Fool!  Holiday House, 2002.  Gr. K-2
Stevenson, James.  Mud Flat April Fool.  Greenwillow, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Welling, Peter J.  Michael Le Soufflé and the April Fool.  Pelican, 2003.  Gr. 1-3
Ziefert, Harriet.  April Fool!  Illus. by Chris Demarest.  Viking, 2000.  Gr. K-2

April Fool’s Day!
Commentary on the history of April Fool’s Day and some quotes about “fools” (some advertisements)
Top 100 April Fool’s Day Hoaxes of All Time
For older students, descriptions of famous worldwide hoaxes in honor of the day (some advertisements)

For fun, students can interview their parents and other family members about the best April Fool prank that they ever played on someone and the best prank that anyone has ever played on them. Share these stories in class.


1805 – birthdate of teller of tales, Hans Christian Andersen
Brust, Beth Wagner.  The Amazing Paper Cuttings of Hans Christian Andersen.  Houghton Mifflin, 1994.  Gr. 5-8
Hesse, Karen.  The Young Hans Christian Andersen.  Illus. by Erik Blegvad.  Scholastic, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Varmer, Hjordis.  Hans Christian Andersen: His Fairy Tale Life.  Illus. by Lilian Brogger.  Groundwood, 2005.
Gr. 5-8
Yolen, Jane.  The Perfect Wizard: Hans Christian Andersen.  Illus. by Dennis Nolan.  Dutton, 2005.
Gr. 2-5
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Hans Christian Andersen published in library editions.
Illustrated versions of tales (a selection):
The Emperor's New Clothes.  Retold & illus. by Anne Rockwell.  Crowell, 1982.  Gr. K-3
The Emperor's New Clothes.  Adapted & illus. by Nadine Bernard Westcott.  Little, Brown, 1984.  Gr. K-3
The Emperor's New Clothes.  Adapted & illus. by Janet Stevens.  Holiday House, 1985.  Gr. K-3
The Emperor's New Clothes: A Tale Set in China.  Retold & illus. by Demi.  McElderry, 2000.  Gr. K-3
The Emperor's New Clothes.  Illus. by Virginia Burton.  Houghton Mifflin, 2004.  Gr. K-3 (reissue)
The Emperor’s New Clothes.  Retold by Marcus Sedgwick.  Illus. by Alison Jay.  Chronicle, 2004.
Gr. K-2
The Little Match Girl.  Retold & illus. by Rachel Isadora.  Putnam, 1987.  Gr. 1-4
The Little Match Girl.  Retold & illus. by Jerry Pinkney.  Dial, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
The Little Mermaid.  Retold & illus. by Michael Hague.  Henry Holt, 1994.  Gr. 3-5
The Little Mermaid.  Retold & illus. by Rachel Isadora.  Putnam, 1998.  Gr. K-3
The Little Mermaid.  Retold & illus. by Lisbeth Zwerger.  Minedition/Penguin, 2004.  Gr. 2-5
The Little Mermaid.  Retold & illus. by Charles Santore.  Running Press, 2009.  Gr. 2-5
The Nightingale.  Retold & illus. by Lisbeth Zwerger.  North-South, 1999.  Gr. 1-5
The Nightingale.  Retold by Stephen Mitchell.  Illus. by Bagram Ibatoulline.  Candlewick, 2002.  Gr. 1-4
The Nightingale.  Retold & illus. by Jerry Pinkney.  Dial, 2002.  Gr. K-3
The Princess and the Pea.  Adapted & illus. by Janet Stevens.  Holiday House, 1982.  Gr. K-2
The Pea and the Princess.  Adapted & illus. by Mini Grey.  Jonathan Cape, 2003.  Gr. K-3
The Princess and the Pea.  Adapted & illus. by Lauren Child.  Hyperion, 2006.  Gr. K-3
The Princess and the Pea.  Adapted by John Cech.  Illus. by Bernhard Oberdieck.  Sterling, 2007.
Gr. 1-4
The Princess and the Pea.  Retold & illus. by Rachel Isadora.  Putnam, 2007.  Gr. K-3
The Snow Queen.  Adapted by Naomi Lewis.  Illus. by Christian Birmingham.  Candlewick, 2008.
Gr. 2-5
The Snow Queen.  Adapted by Amy Ehrlich.  Illus. by Susan Jeffers.  Dutton, 2006.  Gr. 1-4 (reissue)
The Steadfast Tin Soldier.  Retold & illus. by Rachel Isadora.  Putnam, 1996.  Gr. K-3
The Steadfast Tin Soldier.  Retold & illus. by Georges Lemoine.  Creative Editions, 2002.  Gr. K-3
The Steadfast Tin Soldier.  Adapted by Cynthia Rylant.  Illus. by Jen Corace.  Abrams, 2013.  Gr. K-3
The Steadfast Tin Soldier.  Retold & illus. by JooHee Yoon.  Enchanted Lion, 2017.  Gr. 2-4
Thumbelina.  Retold & illus. by Adrienne Adams.  Atheneum, 1961.  Gr. 1-4
Thumbelina.  Retold & illus. by Brian Pinkney.  HarperCollins, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Thumbelina.  Retold & illus. by Brad Sneed.  Dial, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Thumbelina.  Adapted by Amy Ehrlich.  Illus. by Susan Jeffers.  Dutton, 2005.  Gr. 1-4 (reissue)
Hans Christian Andersen’s Thumbelina.  Retold & illus. by Lauren Mills.  Little, Brown, 2005.  Gr. 1-4
The Tinderbox.  Adapted & illus. by Barry Moser.  Little, Brown, 1990.  Gr. 2-5
The Tinderbox.  Retold by Stephen Mitchell.  Illus. by Bagram Ibatoulline.  Candlewick, 2007.  Gr. 2-5
The Ugly Duckling.  Translated by R.P. Keigwin.  Illus. by Adrienne Adams.  Scribner, 1965.  Gr. 1-4
The Ugly Duckling.  Retold & illus. by Lorinda Bryan Cauley.  Harcourt, 1979.  Gr. K-3
The Ugly Duckling.  Retold by Marianna Mayer.  Illus. by Thomas Locker.  Macmillan, 1987.  Gr. 1-3
The Ugly Duckling.  Adapted & illus. by Jerry Pinkney.  Morrow, 1999.  Gr. K-3
The Ugly Duckling.  Retold & illus. by Robert Ingpen.  Penguin, 2005.  Gr. 1-3
The Ugly Duckling.  Adapted by Stephen Mitchell.  Illus. by Steve Johnson & Lou Fancher.  Candlewick, 2007.
Gr. 1-4
The Wild Swans.  Adapted by Amy Ehrlich.  Illus. by Susan Jeffers.  Dutton, 2008.  Gr. 1-4 (reissue)
Spirin, Gennady. (Retold & illus.).  Little Mermaids and Ugly Ducklings: Favorite Fairy Tales of Hans Christian
Andersen.  Chronicle, 2001.  Gr. 2-5
Check school and public library shelves for collections of Hans Christian Andersen stories as well as additional versions of individual tales.

Hans Christian Andersen Picture Page
A collection of photographs and other artistic renderings of Andersen

Display illustrated versions of some of Hans Christian Andersen’s tales. Choose some to read aloud and make others available for independent reading.
Students can read one of Andersen’s lesser known tales online and make some illustrations to accompany the story. Depending on the grade level of the students and the length of the story, designate the number of events to be illustrated. (Not all students may be able to read from the computer screen and will require printing of the story.) Listed below are weblinks of online stories. Some stories are rather lengthy, and some contain more difficult vocabulary than others.
Andersen’s Fairy Tales
Hans Christian Andersen Stories at Candlelight Stories
Hans Christian Anderson Fairy Tales and Stories
Hans Christian Andersen, from the Literature Network (easier to read versions of some of his stories, but LOTS of advertisements on the page)
Hans Christian Andersen, from ReadPrint (easier to read versions of some stories; includes biography; advertisements on the page)


Pony Express Day - the first rides of the Pony Express took place on this date in 1860. Delivery of mail by the Pony Express continued until October, 1861.
Brill, Marlene Targ.  Bronco Charlie and the Pony Express.  Illus. by Craig Orback.  Carolrhoda, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Coerr, Eleanor.  Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express (I Can Read, 3).  Illus. by Don Bolognese. HarperCollins,
1995.  Gr. 2-4
Fuchs, Bernie.  Ride Like the Wind: A Tale of the Pony Express.  Blue Sky/Scholatic, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Glass, Andrew.  The Sweetwater Run: The Story of Buffalo Bill Cody and the Pony Express.  Doubleday, 1996.
Gr. 2-4
Gregory, Kristiana.  Jimmy Spoon and the Pony Express.  Scholastic, 1994.  Gr. 5-8
Harness, Cheryl.  They’re Off!: The Story of the Pony Express.  Simon & Schuster, 1996.  Gr. 2-5
Kay, Verla.  Whatever Happened to the Pony Express?  Illus. by Barry Root & Kimberly Bulcken Root.
Putnam, 2010.  Gr. 1-4
Kroll, Steven.  Pony Express!  Illus. by Dan Andreason.  Scholastic, 1996.  Gr. 3-5
Spradlin, Michael P.  Off Like the Wind! The First Ride of the Pony Express.  Illus. by Layne Johnson.
Walker, 2010.  Gr. 3-5
Wilson, Diane Lee.  Black Storm Comin’.  McElderry, 2005.  Gr. 6-9
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about the Pony Express published in library editions.

Pony Express Museum
In the "About" section of the website, there are links to an illustrated timeline and to a list of the riders.
Pony Express Home Station
Comprehensive site that includes the history, information about the riders, links to museums and stations, and much more.
Pony Express, from the National Park Service
Some general history of the Pony Express, plus the story of the first ride; includes contemporary photos of station stops
Pony Express, at 42 eXplore
Links to various informational sites, webquests, and activities.

Students can research the route of the Pony Express and mark the station stops on a map of the United States.
Using the Pony Express Home Station weblink from above, direct each student to choose one of the linked names in the “Pony Express Riders” section. Students can then write a biographical sketch of their subject. Print out a replica of the poster recruiting riders, and post the student-written bios on display with the poster.
Challenge students to create a chart comparing the time it took for a message/letter to travel from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California by Pony Express to the time it would take for it to travel by these methods: jet plane, Amtrak train, over-the-road truck, wagon train, stagecoach, early transcontinental railroad, telegram, telephone, and e-mail. Discuss the types of information they will need to collect and where they might look for data. At the conclusion of the activity, discuss how communications technology has changed our lives.


National Week of the Ocean, first full week in April
Books (a selection):
Arnosky, Jim.  Beachcombing: Exploring at the Seashore.  Dutton, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Barner, Bob.  Sea Bones.  Chronicle, 2015.  Gr. K-3
Becker, Helaine.  The Big Green Book of the Big Blue Sea.  Illus. by Willow Dawson.  Kids Can Press, 2012.
Gr. 3-5
Bang, Molly & Chisholm, Penny.  Ocean Sunlight: How Tiny Plants Feed the Seas.  Illus. by Molly Bang.
Blue Sky/Scholastic, 2012.  Gr. 3-5
Bulion, Leslie.  At the Sea Floor Cafe: Odd Ocean Critter Poems.  Illus. by Leslie Evans.  Peachtree, 2011.  Gr. 3-6
Burleigh, Robert.  Solving the Puzzle Under the Sea: Maria Tharp Maps the Ocean Floor.  Illus. by Raúl Colón.
Paula Wiseman/Simon & Schuster, 2016.  Gr. 2-4
Burns, Loree Griffin.  Tracking Trash: Flotsam, Jetsam, and the Science of Ocean Motion.  Houghton Mifflin, 2007.
Gr. 5-8
Butterworth, Chris.  Sea Horse: The Shyest Fish in the Sea.  Candlewick, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Carle, Eric.  Mister Seahorse.  Philomel, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Cole, Joanna.  The Magic School Bus on the Ocean Floor.  Illus. by Bruce Degan.  Scholastic, 1992.  Gr. 2-4
Coombs, Kate.  Water Sings Blue: Ocean Poems.  Illus. by Meila So.  Chronicle, 2012.  Gr. K-5
Earle, Sylvia A.  Coral Reefs.  Illus. by Bonnie Matthews.  National Geographic, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Earle, Sylvia A.  Hello, Fish!: Visiting the Coral Reefs.  Photos by Wolcott Henry.  National Geographic, 1999.  Gr. K-4
Elliott, David.  In the Sea.  Illus. by Holly Meade.  Candlewick, 2012.  Gr. 1-3. (poetry)
Frasier, Debra.  Out of the Ocean.  Harcourt, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Gibbons, Gail.  Coral Reefs.  Holiday House, 2007.  Gr. 1-4
Guiberson, Brenda Z.  The Most Amazing Creature in the Sea.  Illus. by Gennady Spirin.  Henry Holt, 2015.  Gr. 1-4
Guiberson, Brenda Z.  Into the Sea.  Henry Holt, 1996.  Gr. K-3
Harley, Avis.  Sea Stars: Saltwater Poems.  Wordsong, 2006.  Gr. 2-5
Himmelman, John.  Who's at the Seashore?  NorthWord, 2009.  Gr. K-2
Jenkins, Steve.  Down, Down, Down: A Journey to the Bottom of the Sea.  Houghton Mifflin, 2009.  Gr. 2-4
Marino, Gianna.  Following Papa's Song.  Viking, 2014.  Gr. Pre-2
Markle, Sandra.  Down, Down, Down in the Ocean.  Illus. by Bob Marshall.  Walker, 1999.  Gr.
McDonald, Megan.  Is This a House for Hermit Crab?  Illus. by  Orchard, 1990.  K-3
McLimans, David.  Gone Fishing: Ocean Life by the Numbers.  Walker, 2008.  Gr. 3-5
Montgomery, Sy.  The Octopus Scientists.  Photos by Keith Ellenbogen.  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2015.  Gr. 5-8
Neubecker, Robert.  Wow! Ocean!  Hyperion, 2011.  Gr. Pre-2
Nivola, Claire A.  Life in the Ocean: The Story of Oceanographer Sylvia Earle.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Ocean Alphabet Book.  Illus. by Frank Mazzola, Jr.  Charlesbridge, 1986.  Gr. 1-3
Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw.  Colorful, Captivating Coral Reefs.  Illus. by Kendahl Jan Jubb.  Walker, 2003.  Gr. 2-4
Pfeffer, Wendy.  Life in a Coral Reef.  Illus. by Steve Jenkins.  Collins, 2009.  Gr. 1-3
Rabe, Trish.  Clam-I-Am! All About the Beach.  Random House, 2005.  Gr. K-5
Rose, Deborah Lee.  Into the A, B, Sea.  Illus. by Steve Jenkins.  Scholastic, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Rose, Deborah Lee.  One Nighttime Sea.  Illus. by Steve Jenkins.  Scholastic, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Rose, Deborah Lee.  Ocean Babies.  Illus. by Hiroe Nakata.  National Geographic, 2005.  Gr. K-2
Rotner, Shelley.  Senses at the Seashore.  Millbrook Press, 2005.  Gr. Pre-2
Ryan, Pam Muñoz.  Hello Ocean.  Illus. by Mark Astrella.  Charlesbridge, 2001.  Gr. K-2
Seven, John.  The Ocean Story.  Illus. by Jana Christy.  Picture Window, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Smith, Roland & Smith, Marie.  W Is for Waves: An Ocean Alphabet.  Illus. by John Megahan.  Sleeping Bear Press,
2008.  Gr. 2-4
Swinburne, Stephen R.  Ocean Soup: A Book of Tide Pool Poems.  Illus. by Mary Peterson.  Charlesbridge, 2010.
Gr. 1-4
Ward, Helen.  Old Shell, New Shell: A Coral Reef Tale.  Millbrook, 2002.  Gr.
Ward, Jennifer & Marsh, T.J.  Somewhere in the Ocean.  Illus. by Kenneth Spengler.  Rising Moon, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Webb, Sophie.  Far from Shore: Chronicles of an Open Ocean Voyage.  Houghton Mifflin, 2011.  Gr. 4-6
Wiesner, David.  Flotsam.  Clarion, 2006.  Gr.
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about oceans and ocean animals published in library editions.

National Geographic Virtual World: Great Barrier Reef
Interactive site that allows users to find facts about coral reef life by moving the mouse
National Marine Sanctuaries
Facts, up-to-date information, games, and downloadable materials focusing on preserving the oceans of the world
Secrets of the Ocean Realm, on PBS
Information with accompanying teacher's guide
Shedd Aquarium
Information, photos, and more to explore
Classroom Resources at the Monterey Bay Aquarium
Curriculum materials with related multimedia, games and activities, and much more
Google Ocean
Fascinating virtual visits to oceans of the world

Check out the Teacher's Guides for the following "Reading Rainbow" programs to find additional books and classroom activities: Louis the Fish (program #5); Humphrey, the Lost Whale (program #56); Dive to the Coral Reefs (program #61); Jack, the Seal and the Sea (program #67); Sam the Sea Cow (program #83); and Seashore Surprises (program #88).
Many research topics exist for a study of the ocean: tides, coral reefs, tide pool life, seashore life, shells, ocean conservation, ocean habitat, ocean animals of all types, and others. A good place to start is by recording what students believe they know about the ocean on a KWL chart. Topics for research will emerge through this discussion, and students may choose what they want to learn more about.


1856 - birthdate of Booker T. Washington, an educator and author who was born into slavery, and in 1881, became head of the Tuskegee Institute.
Amper, Thomas.  Booker T. Washington.  Illus. by Jeni Reeves.  Carolrhoda, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Asim, Jabari.  Fifty Cents and a Dream: Young Booker T. Washington.  Illus. by Bryan Collier.  Little, Brown, 2012.
Gr. 2-4
Bradby, Marie.  More Than Anything Else.  Illus. by Chris K. Soentpiet.  Scholastic, 1995.  Gr. K-3
Brimner, Larry Dane.  Booker T. Washington: Getting into the Schoolhouse.  Marshall Cavendish, 2008.  Gr. 3-6
Check school and public library shelves for many biographies Booker T. Washington published in library editions.

Booker T. Washington, from “The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow” on PBS
Biography plus the text of his controversial “Atlanta Compromise” speech
Booker T. Washington National Monument
Biographical information from different periods in Washington’s life
Legends of Tuskegee
Biography plus image gallery

Students can research Booker T. Washington’s approach to civil rights for African Americans and compare his ideas with those of his contemporaries, such as W.E.B. DuBois, and with future leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. Their research might lead them to a debate of whose ideas were most effective in achieving rights for African Americans. Students might also discuss how Washington’s beliefs might apply in today’s society.
Several well-known quotes are attributed to Booker T. Washington, including:
“If you want to lift yourself up, lift up someone else.”
“I have learned that success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has had to overcome while trying to succeed.”
“Excellence is to do a common thing in an uncommon way.”
“Nothing ever comes to one, that is worth having, except as a result of hard work.”
“There are two ways of exerting one's strength: one is pushing down, the other is pulling up.”
Divide the class into small groups and give each group a quote to discuss in terms of their lives in and out of school. Provide time for the groups to share the main points of their discussion.


Mathematics Awareness Month
A bibliography of books organized by mathematical concept may be found on another page on this site. Teachers will have their own favorites to add to it.
Multiple resources, including lessons, games, and puzzles
AAA Math
A comprehensive set of K-8 math lessons on a wide variety of skills; interactive practice is available online
Math Cats
Creative exploration of math concepts on a variety of topics
Math Subject Center, at Education World
Links to numerous articles, most of which contain lesson plans on skill topics
PBS Learning Media
Search by grade level for lesson plans, projects, and interactive activities
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
Numerous resources for educators at all levels of mathematics instruction

See the 100th day of school (January 22) for additional math-related book titles and weblinks.


1975 birthday of professional football players and twins, Tiki and Ronde Barber
by Tiki and Ronde Barber:
By My Brother’s Side. (with Robert Burleigh).  Illus. by Barry Root.  Simon & Schuster, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Game Day. (with Robert Burleigh).  Illus. by Barry Root.  Simon & Schuster, 2005.  Gr. 1-4
Teammates. (with Robert Burleigh).  Illus. by Barry Root.  Simon & Schuster, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
Go Long! (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2007.  Gr. 4-7
Kickoff! (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2008.  Gr. 4-7
Red Zone. (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2010.  Gr. 4-7
Wild Card. (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2009.  Gr. 4-7
Goal Line. (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2011.  Gr. 4-7
End Zone. (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2012.  Gr. 4-7
Jump Shot. (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2013. Gr.  4-7
Extra Innings. (with Paul Mantell).  Simon & Schuster, 2014.  Gr. 4-7
General Football:
Gibbons, Gail.  My Football Book.  HarperColllins, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Herzog, Brad.  T Is for Touchdown: A Football Alphabet.  Illus. by Mark Braught.  Sleeping Bear Press, 2006.
Gr. 3-5
Lupica, Mike.  Game Changers.  Scholastic, 2012.  Gr. 4-7
Manning, Peyton; Manning, Eli, & Manning, Archie.  Family Huddle.  Illus. by Jim Madsen.  Scholastic, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Marzollo, Jean, Marzollo, Dan, & Marzollo, Dave.  Football Friends  (Hello Reader, Level 3).  Illus. by True Kelley.
Scholastic, 1997.  Gr. 2-4
Ransome, James E.  Gunner, Football Hero.  Holiday House, 2010.  Gr. K-2
Tebow, Tim, with Nathan Whitaker.  Through My Eyes: A Quarterback's Journey.  HarperCollins, 2011.  Gr. 5-8
Thomas, Keltie.  How Football Works.  Illus. by Stephen MacEachern.  Owl Kids, 2010.  Gr. 3-5

Prominent themes in the books by the Barbers are teamwork, dedication, and sportsmanship. Brainstorm with students what these concepts mean in terms of sports in which they are involved. Invite them to share specific examples of each that they have experienced.
Tiki and Ronde Barber have experience as professional athletes. Discuss how playing professionally is different from playing while in school. Lead students to understand that playing professionally is a “job” and includes responsibilities that might be associated with having any job.
The Barbers are unique in that they are twins playing the same sport. Students can research other athlete “families” that might include siblings or parent-child relationships and the sports they play.


National Garden Month
Aliki.  Quiet in the Garden.  HarperCollins, 2009.  Gr. Pre-2
Ancona, George.  It's Our Garden: From Seeds to Harvest in a School Garden.  Candlewick, 2013.  Gr. 1-4
Aston, Dianne Hutts.  A Seed Is Sleepy.  Illus. by Sylvia Long.  Chronicle, 2007.  Gr. 1-4
Azarian, Mary.  A Gardener's Alphabet.  Houghton Mifflin, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Brenner, Barbara.  Good Morning, Garden.  Illus. by Denise Ortakales.  NorthWord, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Brown, Peter.  The Curious Garden.  Little, Brown, 2009.  Gr. 1-3
Bull, Jane.  The Gardening Book.  DK, 2003.  Gr. 2-5
Bulloch, Ivan & James, Diane.  Watch It Grow.  Illus. by Emily Hare.  Photos by Daniel Pangbourne.
Two-Can, 2000.  Gr. 2-4
Bunting, Eve.  Flower Garden.  Illus. by Kathryn Hewitt.  Harcourt, 1994.  Gr. K-2
Cherry, Lynne.  How Groundhog's Garden Grew.  Blue Sky/Scholastic, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Christensen, Bonnie.  Plant a Little Seed.  Roaring Brook, 2012.  Gr. K-2
Cole, Henry.  On Meadowview Street.  HarperCollins, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Cole, Henry.  Jack's Garden.  HarperCollins, 1995.  Gr. Pre-2
Cutler, Jane.  Mr. Carey's Garden.  Illus. by G. Brian Karas.  Houghton Mifflin, 1996.  Gr. K-3
Deάk, Erzsi.  Pumpkin Time!  Illus. by Doug Cushman.  Sourcebooks Jabberwocky, 2014.  Gr. K-2
de Anda, Diane.  The Patchwork Garden/Pedacitos de huerto.  Illus. by Oksana Kemarskaya.  Piñata Books for
Children, 2013.  Gr. K-3
DiSalvo-Ryan, DyAnne.  City Green.  HarperCollins, 1994.  Gr. K-3
Ehlert, Lois.  Planting a Rainbow.  Harcourt, 1988.  Gr. Pre-2
Falwell, Cathryn.  Rainbow Stew.  Lee & Low, 2013.  Gr. K-2
Fleischman, Paul.  Seedfolks.  Harper, 1997.  Gr. 5-9
Fry, Stella  Grandpa's Garden.  Illus. by Sheila Moxley.  Barefoot Books, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Galbraith, Kathryn O.  Planting the Wild Garden.  Illus. by Wendy Halperin.  Peachtree, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Garland, Sarah.  Eddie's Garden and How to Make Things Grow.  Frances Lincoln, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Garland, Sarah.  Doing the Garden.  Frances Lincoln, 2008.  Gr. K-3
George, Lindsay Barrett.  In the Garden: Who's Been Here?  HarperCollins, 2006.  Gr. K-2
Gourley, Robbin.  First Garden: The White House Garden and How It Grew.  Clarion, 2011.  Gr. 2-5
Grigsby, Susan.  First Peas to the Table: How Thomas Jefferson Inspired a School Garden.  Illus. by Nicole Tadgell.
Albert Whitman, 2012.  Gr. 1-3
Hall, Zoe.  The Surprise Garden.  Illus. by Shari Halpern.  Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. Pre-2
Havill, Juanita.  I Heard It from Alice Zucchini: Poems about the Garden.  Illus. by Christine Davenier.
Chronicle, 2006.  Gr. 1-5
Henderson, Kathy.  And the Good Brown Earth.  Candlewick, 2004.  Gr. Pre-2
Henkes, Kevin.  My Garden.  Greenwillow, 2010.  Gr. K-2
Hoberman, Mary Ann.  Whose Garden Is It?  Illus. by Jane Dyer.  Harcourt, 2004.  Gr. Pre-2
Jordan, Helene.  How a Seed Grows.  Illus. by Loretta Krupinski.  HarperCollins, 1992.  Gr. 1-3
Kadohata, Cynthia.  Weedflower.  Atheneum, 2006.  Gr. 5-8
Lamba, Marie & Baldev Lamba.  Green Green: A Community Garden Story.  Illus. by Sonia Sanchez.  Farrar, Straus
& Giroux, 2017.  Gr. Pre-2
Larsen, Andrew.  The Imaginary Garden.  Illus. by Irene Luxbacher.  Kids Can Press, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Lin, Grace.  The Ugly Vegetables.  Charlesbridge, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Lovejoy, Sharon.  Roots, Shoots, Buckets & Boots: Gardening Together with Children.  Workman, 1999.
Gr. 2-5
Mallett, David.  Inch by Inch: The Garden Song.  Illus. by Ora Eitan.  HarperCollins, 1995.  Gr. K-2
McQuinn, Anna.  Lola Plants a Garden.  Illus. by Rosalind Beardshaw.  Charlesbridge, 2014.  Gr. Pre-1
Messner, Kate.  Up in the Garden and Down in the Dirt.  Illus. by Christopher Silas Neal.  Chronicle, 12015.  Gr. 1-3
Morris, Karyn.  Jumbo Book of Gardening.  Illus. by Jane Kurisu.  Kids Can Press, 2000.  Gr. 3-8
Nelson, Kadir.  If You Plant a Seed.  Balzer + Bray, 2015.  Gr. Pre-2
Parker, Kim.  Counting in the Garden.  Orchard, 2005.  Gr. Pre-1
Pattou, Edith.  Mrs. Spitzer's Garden.  Illus. by Tricia Tusa.  Harcourt, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Ray, Deborah Kogan.  Lily's Garden.  Roaring Brook, 2002.  Gr. K-3
Reynolds, Peter H.  Rose's Garden.  Candlewick, 2009.  Gr. 1-3
Roberts, Bethany.  The Wind's Garden.  Illus. by Melanie Hope Greenberg.  Henry Holt, 2001.  Gr. Pre-2
Root, Phyllis.  Anywhere Farm.  Illus. by G. Brian Karas.  Candlewick, 2017.  Gr. K-2
Runton, Andy.  Owly & Wormy, Friends All Aflutter!  Atheneum, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Rylant, Cynthia.  This Year's Garden.  Illus. by Mary Szilagyi.  Atheneum, 1984.  Gr. K-3
Shannon, George.  Busy in the Garden.  Illus. by Sam Williams.  HarperCollins, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Sierra, Judy.  EIEIO How Old McDonald Got His Farm (with a Little Help from a Hen).  Illus. by Matthew Myers.
Candlewick, 2014.  Gr. Pre-2
Stevens, Janet.  Tops and Bottoms.  Harcourt, 1995.  Gr. K-2
Stewart, Sarah.  The Gardener.  Illus. by David Small.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997.  Gr. 1-3
Wellington, Monica.  Zinnia's Flower Garden.  Dutton, 2005.  Gr. K-2
Wheeler, Eliza.  Miss Maple's Seeds.  Nancy Paulsen, 2013.  Gr. K-3
Wood, Douglas.  Aunt Mary's Rose.  Illus. by LeUyen Pham.  Candlewick, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Worth, Bonnie.  Oh Say Can You Seed?: All About Flowering Plants.  Illus. by Aristides Ruiz.
Random House, 2001.  Gr. 2-4
Zoehfeld, Kathleen Weidner.  Secrets of the Garden: Food Chains and the Food Web in Our Backyard.
Illus. by Priscilla Lamont.  Knopf, 2012.  Gr. K-3

Information about gardening with children at school and at home; includes numerous ideas for lessons and projects involving growing plants
My First Garden
Written for children, the basics of gardening, including how to plan a garden and care for it
The Great Plant Escape
Set up as a collection of mysteries and written for children, this site explores the science of plants, including parts of a plant, how plants grow, soil, seeds, and much more; excellent glossary
Seeds, Plants, Flowers, Gardens, and More
Songs and poems about seeds, gardens, and plants
Plants for Kids
Superb collection of weblinks about plants, including plants in a variety of habitats and growing plants

Plant seeds in small containers. If possible, designate a small area of the school yard for a flower garden, planned and carried out by students.
Identify certain plants, such as corn, pumpkins, potatoes, apples, etc., and have students work in small groups with one of these plants and make a chart with captions and pictures that show the plant from the beginning to end (products after harvest).
Make a chart of the parts of plants that we eat (e.g., flowers, seeds, roots, stems, etc.) and list examples under the headings.
Pantomime planting seeds, weeding plants, harvesting, preparing foods for eating, etc.
Make a flowers alphabet book. Cut pictures from catalogs for the illustrations.
Obtain different types of seeds, including vegetable and flower seeds. Sort them by size, color, shape, or unusual characteristic. Study the seeds through a magnifying glass. Have students make notes and sketches of their observations.


1865 – End of the Civil War
Books (a selection):
Allen, Thomas B. & Allen, Roger MacBride.  Mr. Lincoln's High-Tech War.  National Geographic, 2009.  Gr. 5-9
Armstrong, Jennifer.  Photo by Brady: A Picture of the Civil War.  Atheneum, 2005.  Gr. 6 & above
Avi.  Iron Thunder: The Battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac.  Hyperion, 2007.  Gr. 5-8
Bauer, Patricia.  B Is for Battle Cry: A Civil War Alphabet.  Illus. by David Geister.  Sleeping Bear Press, 2009.
Gr. 3-6
Bearden, Romare.  Li'l Dan, the Drummer Boy: A Civil War Story.  Simon & Schuster, 2003.  Gr. 2-4
Bolotin, Norman.  Civil War A to Z: A Young Person's Guide to Over 100 People, Places, and Points of
Importance.  Dutton, 2002.  Gr. 5-8
Breneman, Miriam.  Evvy's Civil War.  Putnam, 2002. Gr.  6-9
Bruchac, Joseph.  March toward the Thunder.  Dial, 2008. Gr.  7-10
Chang, Ina.  A Separate Battle: Women and the Civil War.  Dutton, 1991.  Gr. 5-8
Cohen, Daniel.  Civil War Ghosts.  Scholastic (paper), 1999.  Gr. 5-8
Crist-Evans, Craig.  Moon Over Tennessee: A Boy's Civil War Journal.  Illus. by Bonnie Christensen.  Houghton
Mifflin, 1999.  Gr. 6-10
Clinton, Catherine.  Hold the Flag High.  Illus. by Shane W. Evans.  HarperCollins, 2005.  Gr. 4-6
Cox, Clinton.  Undying Glory: The Story of the Massachusetts 54th Regiment.  Scholastic, 1991.  Gr. 7 & above
Durrant, Lynda.  My Last Skirt: The Story of Jennie Hodgers, Union Soldier.  Clarion, 2006.  Gr. 6-8
Fleischman, Paul.  Bull Run.  HarperCollins, 1993.  Gr. 5-9
Fletcher, Susan.  Dadblamed Union Army Cow.  Illus. by Kimberly Bulcken Root.  Candlewick, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Friedman, Robin.  The Silent Witness: A True Story of the Civil War.  Illus. by Claire A. Nivola.
Houghton Mifflin, 2005.  Gr. 2-5
Hahn, Mary Downing.  Hear the Wind Blow.  Clarion, 2003.  Gr. 5-8
Harness, Cheryl.  Ghosts of the Civil War.  Simon & Schuster, 2002.  Gr. 3-5
Harness, Cheryl.  Mary Walker Wears the Pants: The True Story of the Doctor, Reformer, and Civil War Hero.
Illus. by Carlo Molinari.  Albert Whitman, 2013.  Gr. 2-4
Hopkinson, Deborah.  Billy and the Rebel: Based on a True Civil War Story (Ready-to-Read, Level 3).
Illus. by Brian Floca.  Atheneum, 2005.  Gr. 3-5
Hughes, Pat.  Seeing the Elephant: A Story of the Civil War.  Illus. by Ken Stark. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007.
Gr. 3-6
Jones, Carrie.  Sarah Emma Edmonds Was a Great Pretender: The True Story of a Civil War Spy.  Illus. by Mark
Oldroyd.  Carolrhoda, 2011.  Gr. 3-5
Kay, Verla.  Civil War Drummer Boy.  Illus. by Larry Day.  Putnam, 2012.  Gr. 1-4
Lewis, J. Patrick.  The Brothers' War: Civil War Voices in Verse.  National Geographic, 2007.  Gr. 6 & above
McMullan, Margaret.  How I Found the Strong: A Civil War Story.  Houghton Mifflin, 2004.  Gr. 5-8
McPherson, James M.  Fields of Fury: The American Civil War.  Atheneum, 2002.  Gr. 5-8
Mills, Claudia.  The Totally Made-up Civil War Diary of Amanda MacLeish.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2008.  Gr. 4-6
Morrison, Taylor.  Civil War Artist.  Houghton Mifflin, 1999.  Gr. 3-5
Moss, Marissa.  Nurse, Soldier, Spy: The Story of Sarah Edmonds, Civil War Hero.  Illus. by John Hendrix.  Abrams,
2011.  Gr. 3-5
Murphy, Jim.  A Savage Thunder: Antietam and the Bloody Road to Freedom.  McElderry, 2009.  Gr. 5-8
Murphy, Jim.  The Long Road to Gettysburg.  Clarion, 1992.  Gr. 6-10
Murphy, Jim.  The Boys' War: Confederate and Union Soldiers Talk about the Civil War.  Clarion, 1990.
Gr. 6 & above
Myers, Laurie.  Escape by Night: A Civil War Adventure.  Illus. by Amy June Bates.  Henry Holt, 2011.  Gr 4-6
Noble, Trinka Hakes.  The Last Brother: A Civil War Tale.  Illus. by Robert Papp.  Sleeping Bear Press, 2006.
Gr. 3-5
Paulsen, Gary.  Soldier's Heart.  Delacorte, 1998.  Gr. 6-9
Peck, Richard.  The River Between Us.  Dial, 2003.  Gr. 7-10
Philbrick, Rodman.  The Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. Figg.  Scholastic, 2009.  Gr. 5-8
Polacco, Patricia.  Just in Time, Abraham Lincoln.  Putnam, 2011.  Gr. 3-5
Polacco, Patricia.  Pink and Say.  Philomel, 1994.  Gr. 3-5
Rappaport, Doreen & Verniero, Joan.  United No More!: Stories of the Civil War.  Illus. by Rick Reeves.
HarperCollins, 2005.  Gr 4-6
Rinaldi, Ann.  Leigh Ann's Civil War.  Harcourt, 2009.  Gr. 7-10
Rinaldi, Ann.  Amelia's War.  Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. 6-8
Sheinkin, Steve.  Two Miserable Presidents.  Illus. by Tim Robinson.  Roaring Brook, 2008.  Gr. 5-8
Silverman, Jerry.  Songs and Stories of the Civil War.  21st Century, 2002.  Gr. 6-9
Silvey, Anita.  I’ll Pass for Your Comrade: Women Soldiers in the Civil War.  Clarion, 2008.  Gr. 5-8
Stark, Ken.  Marching to Appomattox: The Footrace That Ended the Civil War.  Putnam, 2009.  Gr. 3-5
Stolz, Mary.  A Ballad of the Civil War.  HarperCollins, 1997.  Gr. 4-6
Walker, Sally M.  Secrets of a Civil War Submarine: Solving the Mysteries of the H.L. Hunley.  Carolrhoda, 2005.
Gr. 6-10
Warren, Andrea.  Under Siege!: Three Children at the Civil War Battle for Vicksburg.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux,
2009.  Gr. 5-9
Weber, Jennifer L.  Summer's Bloodiest Days: The Battle of Gettysburg as Told from All Sides.  National
Geographic, 2010.  Gr. 5-8
Wells, Rosemary.  Red Moon at Sharpsburg.  Viking, 2007.  Gr. 6-10
Winnick, Karen B.  Lucy’s Cave: A Story of Vicksburg, 1863.  Boyds Mills, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Winnick, Karen B.  Cassie's Sweet Berry Pie: A Civil War Story.  Boyds Mills, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Wisler, G. Clifton.  When Johnny Went Marching: Young Americans Fight the Civil War.  HarperCollins, 2001.
Gr. 5-8
Wisler, G.Clifton.  Mr. Lincoln's Drummer.  Dutton, 1995.  Gr. 5-8
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction about the Civil War and related biographies published in library editions

A Nation Divided: The U.S. Civil War 1861-1865, at the History Place
Comprehensive annotated timeline of Civil War events
American Civil War
Overview plus places, people, maps, battles, and a "Kids' Zone"
Camp Life: Civil War Collections, from Gettysburg National Military Park
Discussion of many aspects of camp life with numerous photographs
The Civil War Home Page
Comprehensive site with links to all aspects of the Civil War
Civil War for Kids
Numerous links to all aspects of the Civil War; also has a teachers' section of links

Consult internet sites for theme units and lesson plans related to the Civil War. The following will be a good start:
Civil War Lesson Plans
American Civil War Lesson Plans
Civil War Lesson Plans and Activities
Collaborate with the music teacher and learn songs from the Civil War, including songs sung by Union and Confederate soldiers.
Use the Civil War as a topic for introducing (or reacquainting) students with the American Memory collection at the Library of Congress. This collection contains more than 1000 photographs, most taken by Matthew Brady, of before- and after-battle scenes, Confederate and Union officers, and enlisted men. Encourage students to browse this collection of primary source material and locate information about photos of interest. Provide opportunities for them to share their finds.


National Sibling Day
Books (a selection):
Avi & Vail, Rachel.  Never Mind!: A Twin Novel.  HarperCollins, 2004.  Gr. 5-7
Birdsall, Jeanne.  The Penderwicks: A Summer Tale of Four Sisters, Two Rabbits, and a Very Interesting Boy.
Knopf, 2005.  Gr. 4-6.  Also: The Penderwicks on Gardam Street (2008), The Penderwicks at Point Mouette (2011), and The Penderwicks in Spring (2015)
Blume, Judy.  The Pain and the Great One.  Illus. by Irene Trivas.  Bradbury, 1974.  Gr. 1-4
Blume, Judy.  Soupy Saturdays with the Pain and the Great One.  Illus. by James Stevenson.  Delacorte, 2007.
Gr. 2-5.  Also: Cool Zone with the Pain and the Great One (2008); Going, Going, Gone! With the Pain and the Great One (2008), and Friend of Fiend? With the Pain and the Great One (2009)
Borden, Louise.  Big Brothers Don't Take Naps.  Illus. by Emma Dodd.  McElderry, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Browne, Anthony.  My Brother.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Caraballo, Samuel.  My Big Sister/Mi hermana mayor.  Illus. by Thelma Muraida.  Piñata Books for Children, 2012.
Gr. K-3
Caseley, Judith.  Sisters.  Greenwillow, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Cleary, Beverly.  Two Times the Fun.  Illus. by Carol Thompson.  HarperCollins, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Clements, Andrew.  Lost and Found.  Atheneum, 2008.  Gr. 4-6
Danzig, Dianne.  Babies Don't Eat Pizza: A Big Kid's Book about Baby Brothers and Baby Sisters.  Illus. by Debbie
Tilley.  Dutton, 2009.  Gr. K-2
Davis, Jill.  First Rule of Little Brothers.  Illus. Sarah McMenemy.  Knopf, 2008.  Gr. K-3
dePaola, Tomie.  The Baby Sister.  Putnam, 1996.  Gr. K-3
Duke, Kate.  The Tale of Pip and Squeak.  Dutton, 2007.  Gr. K-2
Dwight, Laura.  Brothers and Sisters.  Star Bright, 2005.  Gr. K-3
Fagan, Cary.  Book of Big Brothers.  Illus. by Luc Melanson.  Groundwood, 2010.  Gr. K-2
Feiffer, Kate.  But I Wanted a Baby Brother!  Illus. by Diane Goode.  Simon & Schuster, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Fisher, Valorie.  My Big Sister.  Atheneum, 2003.  Gr. K-3.  Also: My Big Brother (2002)
Funke, Cornelia.  A Princess, A Pirate, and One Wild Brother.  Chicken House, 2008.  Gr. 3-5
George, Kristine O'Connell.  Emma Dilemma: Big Sister Poems.  Illus. by Nancy Carpenter.  Clarion, 2011.  Gr. 1-4
Greenfield, Eloise.  Brothers & Sisters: Family Poems.  Illus. by Jan Spivey Gilchrist.  Amistad, 2008.  Gr. 1-6
Grimes, Nikki.  Oh, Brother!  Illus. by Mike Benny.  Greenwillow, 2007.  Gr. 1-5
Harris, Robie H.  Mail Harry to the Moon.  Illus. by Michael Emberley.  Little, Brown, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Henkes, Kevin.  Julius, The Baby of the World.  Greenwillow, 1990.  Gr. K-3
Hoban, Russell.  A Baby Sister for Frances.  Illus. by Lillian Hoban.  HarperCollins, 1976.  Gr. K-2
Hurwitz, Johanna.  The Two and Only KellyTwins.  Illus. by Tuesday Mourning.  Candlewick, 2013.  Gr. 2-4
Also: Double or Nothing with the Two and Only Kelly Twins (2017)
Kvasnosky, Laura McGee.  Zelda and Ivy.  Candlewick, 1998.  Gr. K-3.  Also: Zelda and Ivy and the Boy Next Door
(1999), Zelda and Ivy One Christmas (2000), Zelda and Ivy: The Runaways (2006), Zelda and Ivy: Keeping Secrets (2009), and Zelda and Ivy: The Big Picture (2010).
Landolf, Diane Wright.  What A Good Big Brother!  Illus. by Steve Johnson & Lou Fancher.  Random House, 2009.
Gr. Pre-2
Layne, Steven.  Share with Brother.  Illus. by Ard Hoyt.  Pelican, 2010.  Gr. K-2
Lewis, J. Patrick. & Yolen, Jane.  Take Two!: A Celebration of Twins.  Illus. by Sophie Blackall.  Candlewick, 2012.
Gr. K-3
Lin, Grace.  Ling & Ting: Not Exactly the Same!  Little, Brown, 2010.  Gr. K-2.  Also: Ling & Ting Share a Birthday
(2013) and Ling & Ting: Twice as Silly (2014)
London, Jonathan.  Froggy's Baby Sister.  Illus. by Frank Remkiewicz.  Viking, 2003.  Gr. K-2
McPhail, David.  Sisters.  Harcourt, 2003.  Gr. Pre-2
Numeroff, Laura.  What Sisters Do Best/What Brothers Do Best.  Illus. by Lynn Munsinger.  Chronicle, 2009.  Gr. K-3
O'Neill, Catharine.  Annie and Simon.  Candlewick, 2008.  Gr. 1-3.  Also: Annie and Simon: The Sneeze and Other
Stories (2013); Annie and Simon: Banana Muffins and Other Stories (2017)
Orloff, Karen Kaufman.  I Wanna New Room.  Illus. by David Catrow.  Putnam, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Page, Robin & Jenkins, Steve.  Sisters and Brothers: Sibling Relationships in the Animal World.  Illus. by Steve
Jenkins.  Houghton Mifflin, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Penfold, Alexandra.  We Are Brothers, We Are Friends.  Illus. by Eda Kaban.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2017.
Gr. Pre-2
Perkins, Maripat.  Rodeo Red.  Illus. by Molly Idle.  Peachtree, 2015.  Gr. K-2
Pham, Leuyen.  Big Sister, Little Sister.  Hyperion, 2005.  Gr. Pre-2
Polacco, Patricia.  My Rotten Red-Headed Older Brother.  Simon & Schuster, 1994.  Gr. K-3
Poploff, Michelle.  Where Triplets Go, Trouble Follows.  Illus. by Victoria Jamieson.  Holiday House, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Rubel, Nicole.  Twice As Nice: What It's Like to be a Twin.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Schwartz, Amy.  Dee Dee and Me.  Holiday House, 2013.  Gr. K-2
Sullivan, Sarah.  Once Upon a Baby Brother.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Thomas, Louis.  Hug It Out!  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2017.  Gr. K-2
Villenueve, Anne.  Loula and the Sister Recipe.  Kids Can, 2014.  Gr. K-2
Voake, Charlotte.  Hello Twins.  Candlewick, 2006.  Gr. K-2
Weston, Carol.  Ava and Pip.  Sourcebooks Jabberwocky, 2014.  Gr. 4-7
Williams-Garcia, Rita.  One Crazy Summer.  Amistad, 2010.  Gr. 5-8
Young, Ed.  My Mei Mei.  Philomel, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Yum, Hyewon.  The Twins' Blanket.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2011.  Gr. K-2  Also: The Twins' Little Sister (2014)

Not every child has a sibling, so activities might be by invitation only. Read books aloud and invite students to talk about their experiences with brothers and sisters in relation to those of book characters. Some students may wish to draw pictures or write stories about their siblings.
As a math activity, calculate the number of siblings in the class. Make tallies on a chart with these headings: "older brothers," "younger brothers," "older sisters," "younger sisters," and "only child." (Add columns for twins or other multiples, if needed.) As a class, generate math sentences from the chart, such as "We have ____ more brothers than sisters in our class families" or "We have fewer younger sisters than older sisters in our class families."
Locate information about famous siblings, such as the Wright brothers. Read and discuss the relationship of fictional siblings, such as Ruby and Max, Zelda and Ivy, Jack and Annie from the Magic Tree House, and others.


1968 – Civil Rights Act, prohibiting discrimination in housing, was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson.
See ON THE SHELVES for an annotated bibliography of books about the Civil Rights Movement. Be sure to check school and public library shelves for nonfiction and related biographies published in library editions. See Activities Calendars for additional resources related to the following individuals and events: Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15), Jackie Robinson (January 31), Langston Hughes (February 1), Rosa Parks (February 4), Marian Anderson (February 27), Booker T. Washington (April 5), 1963 March on Washington (August 28), Phillis Wheatley (September 1), Frederick Douglass (September 3), and Sojourner Truth (November 26).
Civil Rights Timeline
Milestones of the Civil Rights Movement with links to additional information regarding key individuals and events (advertisements)
Civil Rights Movement Veterans
Personal stories, articles, history, photographs and links to much more related to active participants in the Civil Rights Movement
The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
Information about the history of segregation with numerous resources, including a timeline, stories of people and events, maps, interactive tools, and lesson plans
US History Civil Rights Movement
Links to an array of topics and lesson plans related to the Civil Rights Movement, some video

Students can create a timeline of the Civil Rights Movement by researching events and people. Use the list of possible topics and the information sheet. The timeline can be displayed with dates and the information sheets (either handwritten or as a model for a document created on the computer). Students can download pictures of individuals or photos related to events from the internet to incorporate into their information sheets. Instead of a physical timeline, students might create a PowerPoint presentation that includes all of their information, organized chronologically.
As a class, develop a glossary of terms appropriate to a study of the Civil Rights Movement. Possible vocabulary: civil rights, discrimination, integration, segregation, prejudice, boycott, civil disobedience, equality. Write the students’ initial ideas on a chart. Revisit their ideas and refine them as students locate additional information.
Expand the study of civil rights beyond African Americans to include ALL people. Voices of Civil Rights includes first person narratives and photographs.


Full moon tonight!
Bartram, Simon.  Man in the Moon: A Day in the Life of Bob.  Candlewick, 2002.  Gr. 1-3
Bruchac, Joseph & London, Jonathan.  Thirteen Moons on Turtle's Back: A Native American Year of Moons.
Illus. by Thomas Locker.  Philomel, 1992.  Gr. 2-5
Carle, Eric.  Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me.  Simon & Schuster, 1991.  Gr. Pre-2
Chadwick, Tim.  Cabbage Moon.  Illus. by Piers Harper.  Orchard, 1994.  Gr. K-2
Ehlert, Lois.  Moon Rope: A Peruvian Folktale/Un lazo a la luna: Una leyenda peruana.  Harcourt, 1992.  Gr. K-2
Fletcher, Ralph.  Hello, Harvest Moon.  Illus. by Kate Kiesler.  Clarion, 2003.  Gr. K-4
Gibbons, Gail.  The Moon Book.  Holiday House, 1997.  Gr. 2-4
Henkes, Kevin.  Kitten's First Full Moon.  Greenwillow, 2004.  Gr. Pre-1
Hol, Coby.  The Birth of the Moon.  Translated by Sibyelle Kazeroid.  North-South, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Kimmel, Eric A. (Retold).  A Cloak for the Moon.  Illus. by Katya Krenina.  Holiday House, 2001.  Gr. 1-4
Mora, Pat (Retold).  The Night the Moon Fell: A Maya Myth.  Illus. by Domi.  Douglas & McIntyre, 2000.  Gr. 1-3
Moroney, Lynn.  Moontellers: Myths of the Moon from Around the World.  Illus. by Greg Shed.  Northland,1995.
Gr. 3-5
Murray, Marjorie Dennis.  Little Wolf and the Moon.  Illus. by Stacey Schuett.  Marshall Cavendish, 2002.  Gr. K-2
Nishimura, Kae.  Bunny Lune.  Clarion, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Oppenheim, Shulamith Levey.  What Is the Full Moon Full Of?  Illus. by Cyd Moore.  Boyds Mills, 1997.  Gr. K-2
Pollock, Penny.  When the Moon is Full: A Lunar Year.  Illus. by Mary Azarian.  Little, Brown, 2001.  Gr. 1-4
Rattigan, Jama Kim.  The Woman in the Moon: A Story from Hawaii.  Illus. by Carla Golembe.  Little, Brown, 1996.
Gr. 1-4
Ryder, Joanne.  The Bear on the Moon.  Illus. by Carol Lacey.  Morrow, 1991.  Gr. 1-4
Salas, Laura Purdie.  If You Were the Moon.  Illus. by Jaime Kim.  Millbrook, 2017.  Gr. K-3
Sanfield, Steve.  Just Rewards, Or, Who Is That Man in the Moon & What's He Doing Up There Anyway.  Illus. by
Emily Lisker.  Orchard, 1996.  Gr. 1-3
Scott, Elaine.  Our Moon: New Discoveries about Earth's Closest Companion.  Clarion, 2016.  Gr. 4-7
Shulman, Lisa.  The Moon Might Be Milk.  Illus. by Will Hillenbrand.  Dutton, 2007.  Gr. Pre-1
Singh, Rina.  Moon Tales: Myths of the Moon from Around the World.  Illus. by Debbie Lush.  Bloomsbury, 1999.
Gr. 3-6
Spinelli, Eileen.  Rise the Moon.  Illus. by Raúl Colόn.  Dial, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Taylor, Joanne.  Full Moon Rising.  Tundra, 2002.  Gr. 1-3
Check public and school library shelves for nonfiction books about the moon published in library editions.

The Moon, at Nine Planets
Easy-to-read facts about the moon, including a discussion of its appearance, phases of the moon, and what scientists have learned from travel there
Earth's Moon, from NASA
Basic information about the moon plus some "number" facts and a "translator" for weight on the moon
The Moon, from Lunar and Planetary Science, NASA
Considerable amount of information about the moon, complete with photographs, for older students
Keith's Moon Page
All sorts of facts, a photo gallery, and much more

Have students research facts about the Earth's moon and decide on the top 10 most interesting/important to report. Have them list the 10 facts on a large paper cutout to which they have added craters and other markings to resemble the moon. Post the "moon" in the classroom.
Discuss the "faces" people often think they see in a full moon. Read cultural folk tales that "explain" the appearance of these faces.
The moon is important in determining the dates of holidays and celebrations in many world cultures. (For example, Easter takes places on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox.) Have students research how the moon affects the celebration of holidays. The January full moon is also called the "Wolf Moon" or the "Cold Moon." Have students research the moon names of other months. Consult websites such as Moon Names and Full Moon Names and Their Meanings for assistance.
Have students research meanings of these moon idioms or sayings: many moons ago, reach for the moon, promise (someone) the moon, (I'm) over the moon, the man in the moon, howl at the moon, once in a blue moon, ring around the moon, and others they might find.


April is National Poetry Month
Visit the Poetry Nook for a list of recommended books of poetry.
Books that explore the poetic process and books about real and fictional poets:
Archer, Micha.  Daniel Finds a Poem.  Nancy Paulsen/Penguin, 2016.  Gr. K-3
Bedard, Michael.  Emily.  Illus. by Barbara.  CooneyDoubleday, 1992/Random House, 2005.  Gr. 2-5
Bober, Natalie S.  Papa Is a Poet: A Story about Robert Frost.  Illus. by Rebecca Gibbon.  Henry Holt, 2013.  Gr. 2-5
Brown, Monica.  Pablo Neruda: Poet of the People.  Illus. by Julie Paschkis.  Henry Holt, 2011.  Gr. 2-4
Brown, Monica.  My Name is Gabriela/Me llamo Gabriela: The Life of Gabriela Mistral/la vida de Gabriela Mistral.
Illus. by John Parra.  Luna Rising, 2005.  Gr. 1-3
Bryant, Jen.  Call Me Marianne.  Illus. by David A. Johnson.  Eerdmans, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
Bryant, Jen.  A River of Words: The Story of William Carlos Williams.  Illus. by Melissa Sweet.  Eerdmans, 2008.
Gr. 3-8
Burgess, Matthew.  enormous SMALLNESS: A Story of E.E. Cummings.  Illus. by Kris Di Giacomo.  Enchanted
Lion, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Burleigh, Robert.  Langston’s Train Ride.  Illus. by Leonard Jenkins.  Orchard, 2004.  Gr. 2-6
Cofer, Judith Ortiz.  The Poet Upstairs.  Illus. by Oscar Ortiz.  Piñata Books for Children, 2012.  Gr. 1-4
Cooper, Floyd.  Coming Home: from the Life of Langston Hughes.  Philomel, 1994.  Gr. 2-5
Derby, Sally.  Jump Back, Paul: The Life and Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar.  Illus. by Sean Qualls.
Candlewick, 2015.  Gr. 5-8
Dotlich, Rebecca Kai.  Bella & Bean.  Illus. by Aileen Leijten.  Atheneum, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Harrison, David L.  Connecting Dots: Poems of My Journey.  Illus. by Kelley Cunningham Cousineau.
Wordsong/Boyds Mills, 2004.  Gr. 4-8
Hopkins, Lee Bennett.  Been to Yesterdays: Poems of a Life.  Boyds Mills, 1995.  Gr. 5-9 (autobiographical)
Kerley, Barbara.  Walt Whitman: Words for America.  Illus. by Brian Selznick.  Scholastic, 2004.  Gr. 4-9
Kousky, Vern.  Otto the Owl Who Loved Poetry.  Nancy Paulsen, 2015.  Gr. K-3
MacLachlan, Patricia.  Word After Word After Word.  Katherine Tegen/HarperCollins, 2010.  Gr. 2-5
McNamara. Margaret.  A Poem in Your Pocket.  Illus. by G. Brian Karas.  Schwartz & Wade, 2015.  Gr. 1-4
Montenegro, Laura Nyman.  A Bird about to Sing.  Houghton Mifflin, 2003.  Gr. 1-3
Mutén, Burleigh.  Miss Emily.  Illus. by Matt Phelan.  Candlewick, 2014.  Gr. 4-7
Nelson, Marilyn.  How I Discovered Poetry.  Illus. by Hadley Hooper.  Dial, 2014.  Gr. 6-10 (autobiography in verse)
Niven, Penelope.  Carl Sandburg: Adventures of a Poet.  Illus. by Marc Nadel.  Harcourt, 2003.  Gr. 3-6
Perdomo, Willie.  Visiting Langston.  Illus. by Bryan Collier.  Henry Holt, 2002.  Gr. 2-4
Ray, Deborah Kogan.  To Go Singing through the World: The Childhood of Pablo Neruda.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux,
2006.  Gr. 3-6
Regan, Dian Curtis.  Barnyard Slam.  Illus. by Paul Meisel.  Holiday House, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Ryan, Pam Muñoz.  The Dreamer.  Illus. by Peter Sís.  Scholastic, 2010.  Gr. 4-9
Spires, Elizabeth.  The Mouse of Amherst.  Illus. by Claire Nivola.  Farrar, Straus & Girous, 1999.  Gr. 3-5
Swados, Elizabeth.  Hey You! C'mere. A Poetry Slam.  Illus. by Joe Cepeda.  Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. 2-5
Tate, Don.  Poet: The Remarkable Story of George Moses Horton.  Peachtree, 2015.  Gr. 2-5
Winter, Jeanette.  Emily Dickinson's Letters to the World.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2002.  Gr. 2-5
Woodson, Jacqueline.  Brown Girl Dreaming.  Nancy Paulsen/Penguin, 2014.  Gr. 5-8 (memoir in verse)
Yolen, Jane.  The Emily Sonnets: The Life of Emily Dickinson.  Illus. by Gary Kelley.  Creative Editions, 2012.
Gr. 5-10

National Poetry Month at Poets.org
A variety of resources regarding poets and poetry, including suggestions for Poetry Month and Poem in Your Pocket Day (April 29) and the opportunity to listen to many poets read from their work
Celebrate National Poetry Month at Scholastic
Numerous resources for teachers of all grade levels, book lists, interviews with poets, and poetry writing workshops
Kristine O’Connell George
The poet includes some of her poetry, teaching ideas, tips for young poets, and lots of ideas for celebrating poetry in classrooms.
Described as poet Kenn Nesbitt’s “Poetry Playground,” this site contains poetry lessons, games, and a rhyming dictionary, in addition to poetry to read.
Writing with Writers: Poetry
In separate “workshops,” poets Jack Prelutsky, Karla Kuskin, and Jean Marzollo offer many tips and take students through steps in writing poetry.

Visit the Poetry Nook for poems, definitions of types of poetry, professional resources, and other materials.
Make sharing a poem a daily event ALL school year. Have a basket or shelf of books devoted to poetry. Invite students to select poems they would like to share and practice reading them for fluency; then provide time for students to read the poems they have chosen.
Incorporate poetry into areas of the curriculum, such as science and social studies. Read poems appropriate to specific units of study (e.g., space, trees, birds) and times of celebration (e.g., Black History Month and Women's History Month).
Post poems in the classroom; for example, a poem about telling time next to the clock; a poem about washing hands next to the sink; poems about the weather next to the daily calendar and weather graph; a poem about books next to the bookshelf, etc.)


1743 – birthday of Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States and principal author of the Declaration of Independence
Adler, David A.  A Picture Book of Thomas Jefferson.  Illus. by John C. & Alexandra Wallner.  Holiday House,
1990.  Gr. 2-4
Armstrong, Jennifer.  Thomas Jefferson: Letters from a Philadelphia Bookworm (Dear Mr. President). Winslow,
2000.  Gr. 5-8
Bradley, Kimberly.  Jefferson's Sons.  Dial, 2011.  Gr. 5-8
Chew, Elizabeth V.  Thomas Jefferson: A Day at Monticello.  Illus. by Mark Elliott.  Abrams, 2014.  Gr. 4-6
Davis, Kenneth. C.  Don’t Know Much About Thomas Jefferson.  Illus. by Rob Shepperson. HarperCollins,
2005.  Gr. 4-6
Fleming, Candace.  A Big Cheese for the White House: The True Tale of a Tremendous Cheddar.
Illus. by S.D. Schindler.  DK, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
Giblin, James Cross.  Thomas Jefferson: A Picture Book Biography.  Illus. by Michael Dooling. Scholastic,
1994.  Gr. 3-5
Goldsmith, Howard.  Thomas Jefferson and the Ghostriders (Ready-to-Read, Level 2).  Illus. by Drew Rose.
Aladdin, 2008.  Gr. 1-3
Harness, Cheryl.  Thomas Jefferson.  National Geographic Society, 2004.  Gr. 4-6
Jurmain, Suzanne Tripp.  Worst of Friends: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and the True Story of an American
Feud.  Illus. by Larry Day.  Dutton, 2011.  Gr. 2-4
Kalman, Maira.  Thomas Jefferson: Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Everything.  Nancy Paulsen/Penguin, 2014.
Gr. 2-5
Kerley, Barbara.  Those Rebels, John & Tom.  Illus. by Edwin Fotheringham.  Scholastic, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Lanier, Shannon.  Jefferson’s Children: The Story of One American Family.  Photos by Jane Feldman.
Random House, 2000.  Gr. 5-8
Meacham, Jon.  Thomas Jefferson: President and Philosopher.  Crown, 2014.  Gr. 5-10
Murphy, Frank.  Thomas Jefferson’s Feast (Step into Reading, 4).  Illus. by Richard Walz.  Random House,
2003.  Gr. 2-4
Rosenstock, Barbara.  Thomas Jefferson Builds a Library.  Illus. by John O'Brien.  Calkins Creek, 2013.  Gr. 2-5
Thomas, Peggy.  Thomas Jefferson Grows a Nation.  Illus. by Stacy Innerst.  Calkins Creek, 2015.  Gr. 4-6
Turner, Ann.  When Mr. Jefferson Came to Philadelphia: What I Learned of Freedom, 1776.  Illus. by Mark Hess.
HarperCollins, 2003.  Gr. 2-4
Winter, Jonah.  My Name Is James Madison Hemings.  Illus. by Terry Widener.  Schwartz & Wade, 2016.  Gr. 2-5
Check school and public library shelves for the many biographies of Thomas Jefferson published in library editions.

POTUS, Presidents of the United States at the Internet Public Library
Facts, both personal and political, links, and related information
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia about Thomas Jefferson - must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello
Very comprehensive site that includes a biography, timeline, “day in the life” page, Jefferson’s role in the exploration of the West, a “Jefferson Encyclopedia” containing links to information in numerous areas, as well as information and photos of the house, grounds, and plantation, and a link to the "Monticello Classroom" section with much more information and a photo gallery
The Thomas Jefferson Papers, at American Memory, Library of Congress
Largest collection of original Jefferson documents in the world—about 27,000
Thomas Jefferson, a film by Ken Burns
PBS website that accompanies the video; includes original Jefferson documents, transcripts of interviews about Jefferson, and teaching suggestions
American Presidents at the Miller Center
Extensive information on all aspects of the presidents' lives, including a photo gallery, speeches, presidential recordings, and more. Excellent for research

On the “Meet-the-Presidents” timeline, someone can take the responsibility for adding Thomas Jefferson, using the fact recording sheet. Additional students may wish to expand on the timeline by adding facts about Jefferson as a Founding Father, his writing of the Declaration of Independence, his role in the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark Expedition, his inventions, and some of his most famous quotations.


1866 – birthdate of Anne Sullivan, teacher of Helen Keller
Barry, Holly M.  Helen Keller's Best Friend Belle.  Illus. by Jennifer Thermes.  Albert Whitman, 2013.  Gr. 1-3
Cline-Ransome, Lesa.  Helen Keller: The World in Her Heart.  Illus. by James Ransome.  Collins, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Hopkinson, Deborah.  Annie and Helen.  Illus. by Raul Colón.  Schwartz & Wade, 2012.  Gr. 1-4
Lambert, Joseph.  Annie Sullivan and the Trials of Helen Keller.  Hyperion, 2012.  Gr. 6-12. (graphic novel)
Lawlor, Laurie.  Helen Keller: Rebellious Spirit.  Holiday House, 2001.  Gr. 5-7
Miller, Sarah.  Miss Spitfire: Reaching Helen Keller.  Atheneum, 2007.  Gr. 6-9
Rappaport, Doreen.  Helen's Big World: The Life of Helen Keller.  Illus. by Matt Tavares.  Hyperion, 2012.  Gr. 1-4
Sullivan, George.  Helen Keller: Her Life in Pictures.  Scholastic, 2007.  Gr. 3-6
Sullivan, George.  Helen Keller (In Their Own Words).  Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. 4-6

Anne Sullivan Macy: Miracle Worker, from the American Federation for the Blind
Fairly lengthy biography illustrated with photos
Anne Sullivan Macy, from Hall of Fame: Leaders and Legends of the Blindness Field
Shorter biography

Students can research people who have had to overcome obstacles in their lives in order to achieve their eventual success. These obstacles might include physical/health, race, gender, socioeconomic, religion, and others. In addition to Anne Sullivan and Helen Keller, they might research Wilma Rudolph, Jesse Owens, Louis Braille, Nelson Mandela, Franklin Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, Jackie Robinson, Lance Armstrong, Stephen Hawking, Ray Charles, Maya Angelou, Albert Einstein, Gloria Estefan, Jim Thorpe, Susan LaFlesche Picotte, to name a few. Using the computer, have students create a one-page “poster” of their subject, that includes a picture, the inclusive dates in which they lived, their area of accomplishment (e.g., sports, politics, science, etc.), and a summary of their challenges and how they overcame them. Place the posters on display under the title, “They Never Gave Up!”


1912 – 100th Anniversary! On its maiden voyage, the Titanic hit an iceberg and sank in the early morning of April 15, resulting in the death of 1,517 people.
Adams, Simon.  Titanic (Eyewitness).  DK, 2009.  Gr. 4-8
Ballard, Robert D.  Finding the Titanic.  Scholastic Cartwheel, 1993.  Gr. 2-4
Ballard, Robert D.  Exploring the Titanic: How the Greatest Ship Ever Lost Was Found.  Scholastic, 1988.  Gr. 4-8
Brewster, Hugh.  Inside the Titanic.  Illus. by Ken Marschall.  Little, Brown, 1997.  Gr. 3-8
Brewster, Hugh.  882 1/2 Amazing Answers to Your Questions about the Titanic.  Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. 3-8
Brown, Don.  All Stations! Distress! April 15, 1912: The Day the Titanic Sank.  Roaring Brook, 2008.  Gr. 3-5
Bunting, Eve.  SOS Titanic.  Harcourt, 1996.  Gr. 5-8
Callery, Sean.  Titanic ("Scholastic Discover More").  Scholastic, 2014.  Gr. 5-8
Conklin, Thomas.  The Titanic Sinks! (Stepping Stones).  Random House, 1997.  Gr. 4-6
Crisp, Marty.  Titanicat.  Illus. by Robert Papp.  Sleeping Bear Press, 2008.  Gr. 1-4
Crisp, Marty.  White Star: A Dog on the Titanic.  Holiday House, 2004.  Gr. 4-6
Crew, Gary.  Pig on the Titanic: A True Story.  Illus. by Bruce Whatley.  HarperCollins, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Denenberg, Barry.  Titanic Sinks!: Experience the Titanic's Doomed Voyage In This Unique Presentation of Fact
and Fiction.  Viking, 2011.  Gr. 4 & above
Donnelly, Judy.  The Titanic: Lost and Found (Step into Reading, 4).  Illus. by Keith Kohler.  Random House,
2003.  Gr. 2-5
Dubowski, Mark.  Titanic: The Disaster That Shocked the World!  Illus. by Peter Dennis.  DK Readers, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Hopkinson, Deborah.  Titanic: Voices from the Disaster.  Scholastic, 2012.  Gr. 4-8
Jenkins, Martin.  Titanic: Disaster at Sea.  Illus. by Brian Sanders.  Candlewick, 2008.  Gr. 3-6
Korman, Gordon.  Titanic, Book 1: Unsinkable.  Scholastic, 2011.  Gr. 4-6.  Also: Titanic, Book 2: Collision Course
(2011) and Titanic, Book 3: S.O.S. (2011)
Lawson, Julie.  Ghosts of the Titanic.  Holiday House, 2012.  Gr. 4-8
Mone, Gregory.  Dangerous Waters: An Adventure on the Titanic.  Roaring Brook, 2012.  Gr. 4-6
Morpurgo, Michael.  Kaspar the Titanic Cat.  Illus. by Michael Foreman.  HarperCollins, 2012.  Gr. 5-8
Osborne, Mary Pope.  Tonight on the Titanic (Magic Tree House, 17).  Illus. Sal Murdocca.  Random House, 1999.
Gr. 2-4 (See also the Magic Tree House Research Guide #7: A Nonfiction Companion to Tonight on the Titanic.)
Pipe, Jim.  Titanic.  Firefly, 2007.  Gr. 3-8
Shoulders, Debbie & Michael.  T is for Titanic: A Titanic Alphabet.  Illus. by Gijsbert van Frankenhuyzen.  Sleeping
Bear Press, 2011.  Gr. 2-5
Spedden, Daisy Corning Stone.  Polar the Titanic Bear.  Illus. by Laurie McGaw.  Little, Brown, 1994.  Gr. 2-5
Tanaka, Shelley.  On Board the Titanic: What It Was Like When the Great Liner Sank.  Illus. by Ken Marschall.
Hyperion, 1996.  Gr. 3-5
Tarshis, Lauren.  I Survived the Sinking of the Titanic, 1912.  Scholastic, 2010.  Gr. 4-6
Thistlethwaite, Diane.  Story of the Titanic.  Illus. by Steve Noon. DK, 2001. Gr. 3-8
White, Ellen Emerson.  Voyage on the Great Titanic: The Diary of Margaret Ann Brady, R.M.S. Titanic, 1912
(Dear America).  Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. 4-8
Williams, Barbara.  Titanic Crossing.  Dial, 1995.  Gr. 4-8
Wishinsky, Frieda.  Remembering the Titanic (Level 3).  Scholastic, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Wolf, Allan.  The Watch That Ends the Night: Voices from the Titanic.  Candlewick, 2011.  Gr. 8-12
Check school and public library shelves for additional nonfiction books about the Titanic published in library editions.

The Unsinkable RMS Titanic
Very comprehensive website, filled with all sorts of facts and statistics about the Titanic
Titanic: 100 years, from National Geographic
Information about the sinking of the Titanic, plus the discovery by Robert Ballard; image gallery; facts about the ship and what it carried, and interactives

The Titanic is typically a high interest topic for students.
Students can research passengers on the Titanic. See Titanic Passenger and Crew Lists for names with links to information that is known about them. In particular, students may be interested in some of the ship’s famous passengers or children on the Titanic.
Make up a set of slips of paper with “first class passenger,” “second class passenger,” or “third class passenger” written on a slip. Have students draw a slip of paper “out of the hat,” thus assigning them to a location on the ship. Based on their research about activities, privileges, location, and other factors, have them write about their trip on the Titanic in the voice of a passenger from their class. Obviously, some of them will be rescued, and some will not.
Older students may wish to search the internet for first person accounts of survivors.


Happy Easter!
Easter titles (a selection):
Add the books below to your own Easter favorites.
Adams, Adrienne.  The Easter Egg Artists.  Atheneum, 1976.  Gr. K-3
Auch, Mary Jane.  The Easter Egg Farm.  Holiday House, 1992.  Gr. K-3
Barth, Edna.  Lilies, Rabbits, and Painted Eggs: The Story of the Easter Symbols.  Illus. by Ursula Arndt.
Clarion, 2001.  Gr. 4-6 (reissue)
Berlin, Irving.  Easter Parade.  Illus. by Lisa McCue.  HarperCollins, 2003.  Gr. Pre-3
Brett, Jan.  The Easter Egg.  Putnam, 2010.  Gr. Pre-2
Cazet, Denys.  Minnie and Moo: The Attack of the Easter Bunnies.  HarperCollins, 2004.  Gr. 1-3
Chaconas, Dori.  Looking for Easter.  Illus. by Margie Moore.  Albert Whitman, 2011.  Gr. Pre-1
Colandro, Lucille.  There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Chick.  Illus. by Jared D. Lee.
Scholastic Cartwheel, 2010.  Gr. Pre-2
deGroat, Diane.  Last One in Is a Rotten Egg!  HarperCollins, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Dunrea, Olivier.  Ollie's Easter Eggs.  Houghton Mifflin, 2010.  Gr. Pre-1
Elschner, Geraldine.  The Easter Chick.  Illus. by Alexandra Junge.  North-South Books, 2003.
Gr. Pre-2
Friedrich, Priscilla & Otto.  The Easter Bunny That Overslept.  Illus. by Donald Saaf.  HarperCollins,
2002.  Gr. K-3 (reissue)
Hughes, Laura.  We're Going on an Egg Hunt.  Bloomsbury, 2017.  Gr. Pre-2
Kaplan, Michael.  Betty Bunny Loves Easter.  Illus. by Stephane Jorisch.  Dial, 2015.  Gr. K-2
Kimmel, Eric A.  The Bird's Gift: A Ukrainian Easter Story.  Illus. by Katya Krenina.  Holiday House,
1999.  Gr. K-3
Knudsen, Shannon.  Easter Around the World.  Illus. by David L. Erickson.  Carolrhoda, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Kroll, Steven.  The Biggest Easter Basket Ever.  Illus. by Jeni Bassett.  Scholastic Cartwheel, 2008.
Gr. Pre-2
Milhous, Katherine.  The Egg Tree.  Atheneum, 1971.  Gr. K-3
Modesitt, Jeanne.  Little Bunny's Easter Surprise.  Illus. by Robin Spowart.  Simon & Schuster, 1999.
Gr. Pre-2
Mortimer, Anne.  Bunny's Easter Egg.  Katherine Tegen, 2010.  Gr. Pre-1
Pilkey, Dav.  The Dumb Bunnies' Easter.  Blue Sky/Scholastic, 2009.  Gr. K-2 (reissue)
Polacco, Patricia.  Chicken Sunday.  Philomel, 1992.  Gr. K-3
Roberts, Bethany.  Easter Mice!  Illus. by Doug Cushman.  Clarion, 2003.  Gr. Pre-1
Schulman, Janet.  10 Easter Egg Hunters.  Illus. by Linda Davick.  Knopf, 2011.  Gr. Pre-1
Stoeke, Janet Morgan.  Minerva Louise and the Colorful Eggs.  Dutton, 2006.  Gr. Pre-2
Tegen, Katherine.  The Story of the Easter Bunny.  Illus. by Sally Anne Lambert.  HarperCollins, 2005.
Gr. K-2
Wells, Rosemary.  Max Counts His Chickens.  Viking, 2007.  Gr. Pre-2
Wells, Rosemary.  Max's Chocolate Chicken.  Viking, 1999.  Gr. Pre-2

Easter Crafts for Kids
A variety of egg, bunny, chick, lamb, and other Easter crafts using simple materials
Easter and Spring Crafts and Activities, from Enchanted Learning
Directions for crafts and downloadables for Easter and spring topics (some downloadables require membership)

Check out the weblinks above for suggestions for Easter activities. If you prefer to celebrate without a focus on Easter, have an eggs-traordinary time with eggs (April 24)!


National Frog Month
Arnosky, Jim.  All About Frogs.  Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. 2-4
Berger, Melvin & Berger, Gilda.  How Do Frogs Swallow with Their Eyes?: Questions and Answers about
Amphibians.  Illus. by Karen Carr.  Scholastic, 2003.  Gr. 2-5
Berkes, Marianne.  Marsh Music.  Illus. by Robert Noreika.  Millbrook, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Bishop, Nic.  Nic Bishop Frogs.  Scholastic, 2008.  Gr. 3-5
Bunting, Eve.  Some Frog!  Illus. by Scott Medlock.  Harcourt, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Cowley, Joy.  Red-Eyed Tree Frog.  Photos by Nic Bishop.  Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Florian, Douglas.  Lizards, Frogs, and Polliwogs.  Harcourt, 2001.  Gr. K-4 (poetry)
Gibbons, Gail.  Frogs.  Holiday House, 1993.  Gr. K-3
Glaser, Linda.  Fabulous Frogs.  Illus. by Loretta Krupinski.  Millbrook, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Guiberson, Brenda Z.  Frog Song.  Illus. by Genady Spirin.  Henry Holt, 2013.  Gr. 1-4
Hawes, Judy.  Why Frogs Are Wet.  Illus. by Mary Ann Fraser.  HarperCollins, 2000.  Gr. 1-3
Heo, Yumi (Retold & illus.).  The Green Frogs: A Korean Folktale.  Houghton Mifflin, 1996.  Gr. 1-3
Jenkins, Martin.  Fabulous Frogs.  Illus. by Tim Hopgood.  Candlewick, 2016.  Gr. K-3
Kalan, Robert.  Jump, Frog, Jump!  Illus. by Byron Barton.  HarperCollin, 1989.  Gr. Pre-2
Lobel, Arnold.  Frog and Toad Are Friends.  HarperCollins, 1970.  Gr. Pre-2 (See also: Days with Frog and Toad,
Frog and Toad Together, and Frog and Toad All Year)
London, Jonathan.  the “Froggy” series.  Illus. by Frank Remkiewicz.  Viking.  Gr. Pre-2
Long, Ethan.  The Croaky Pokey.  Holiday House, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Markle, Sandra.  Slippery, Slimy Baby Frogs.  Walker, 2006.  Gr. 3-6
Moffett, Mark.  Face to Face with Frogs.  National Geographic Society, 2008.  Gr. 3-6
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Frog Alphabet Book.  Illus. by Ralph Masiello.  Charlesbridge, 1990.  Gr. 1-3
Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw.  Flashy, Fantastic Rain Forest Frogs.  Illus. by Kendahl Jan Jubb.  Walker, 1997.  Gr. 1-4
Pfeffer, Wendy.  From Tadpole to Frog.  Illus. by Holly Keller.  HarperCollins, 1994.  Gr. K-3
Stein, David Ezra.  Tad and Dad.  Nancy Paulsen, 2015.  Gr. Pre-1
Stewart, Melissa.  A Place for Frogs.  Illus. by Higgins Bond.  Peachtree, 2010.  Gr. 2-4
Thompson, Lauren.  Leap Me Back Home.  Illus. by Matthew Cordell.  McElderry, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Turner, Pamela S.  The Frog Scientist.  Photos by Andy Comins.  Houghton Mifflin, 2009.  Gr. 3-6
Walsh, Ellen Stoll.  Hop Jump.  Harcourt, 1996.  Gr. Pre-2
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about frogs published in library editions.

All About Frogs for Kids and Teachers
Basic information about frogs written for children; also songs, crafts, stories, and lesson plans
Frogs, A Chorus of Colors, from the American Museum of Natural History
Excellent information and photo gallery on a variety of frogs, including some sounds; also fun facts
Welcome to FROGLAND
Lots of facts about frogs and much more—photos, jokes, stories, coloring pages (some commercialization)
Frogs at KidZone
Facts, activities (including riddles, songs and poems, and downloadables), and a photo gallery

Students can compare the differences between frogs and toads using a chart or Venn diagram.
Students can make a large mural of a pond in which they show the life cycle of a frog.
Because the chapters are short and there is a great deal of conversation, the “Frog and Toad” books by Arnold Lobel adapt very well to Readers Theatre scripts.
Check the weblinks above for many frog-themed lesson plans and activities ideas, including patterns for frog paper bag puppets and origami frogs.


Ellis Island Family History Day
On this date in 1907, more immigrants were processed at Ellis Island than on any other day—11, 747 men, women, and children.
Ellis Island:
Bial, Raymond.  Ellis Island: Coming to the Land of Liberty.  Houghton Mifflin, 2009.  Gr. 3-6
Bierman, Carol.  Journey to Ellis Island: How My Father Came to America.  Illus. by Laurie McGaw.
Hyperion, 1998.  Gr. 3-6
Bunting, Eve.  Dreaming of America: An Ellis Island Story.  Illus. by Ben F. Stahl.  Troll, 2000.  Gr. 2-4
Conway, Lorie.  Forgotten Ellis Island: The Extraordinary Story of America’s Immigrant Hospital.
Smithsonian/Collins, 2007.  Gr. 7 & above
Kroll, Steven.  Ellis Island: Doorway to Freedom.  Illus. by Karen Ritz.  Holiday House, 1995.  Gr. 3-5
Lasky, Kathryn.  Hope in My Heart: Sofia’s Immigrant Diary (My America).  Scholastic, 2003.  Gr. 3-5
Lawlor, Veronica.  I Was Dreaming to Come to America: Memories from the Ellis Island Oral History Project.
Viking, 1995.  Gr. 4-8
Peacock, Louise.  At Ellis Island: A History in Many Voices.  Illus. by Walter Lyon Krudop.  Atheneum, 2007.  Gr. 4-6
Sandler, Martin.  Island of Hope: The Journey to America and the Ellis Island Experience.  Scholastic, 2004.  Gr. 5-7
Swain, Gwenyth.  Hope and Tears: Ellis Island Voices.  Calkins Creek, 2012.  Gr. 5-9
Thompson, Gare.  We Came through Ellis Island: The Immigrant Adventures of Emma Marcowitz.  National
Geographic, 2003.  Gr. 4-6
Woodruff, Elvira.  The Memory Coat.  Illus. by Michael Dooling.  Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about Ellis Island published in library editions.
Immigration (a selection):
Aliki.   Marianthe's Story: Painted Words and Spoken Memories.  Greenwillow, 1998.  Gr. 1-4
Applegate, Katherine.  Home of the Brave.  Feiwel and Friends, 2007.  Gr. 5-8
Bartone, Alisa.  American Too.  Illus. by Ted Lewin.  HarperCollins, 1996.  Gr. 1-4
Bunting, Eve.  One Green Apple.  Illus. by Ted Lewin.  Clarion, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
Bunting, Eve.  A Picnic in October.  Illus. by Nancy Carpenter.  Harcourt, 1999.  Gr. 1-3
Bunting, Eve.  A Day's Work.  Illus. by Ronald Himler.  Clarion, 1994.  Gr. 1-4
Bunting, Eve.  How Many Days to America?: A Thanksgiving Story.  Illus. by Beth Peck.  Clarion, 1988.  Gr. 1-4
Choi, Yangsook.  The Name Jar.  Knopf, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Danticat, Edwidge.  Behind the Mountains.  Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. 5-8
Danticat, Edwidge.  Mama's Nightingale: A Story of Immigration and Separation.  Illus. by Leslie Staub.
Dial, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Figueredo, D.H.  When This World Was New.  Illus. by Enrique O. Sanchez.  Lee & Low, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Fleming, Candace.  Lowji Discovers America.  Atheneum, 2005.  Gr. 3-5
Freedman, Russell.  Angel Island: Gateway to Gold Mountain.  Clarion, 2014.  Gr. 5-8
Freedman, Russell.  Immigrant Kids.  Dutton, 1980.  Gr. 5-9
Gallo, Donald R. (Ed.).  First Crossing: Stories about Teen Immigrants.  Candlewick, 2004.  Gr. 7-10
Herold, Maggie Rugg.  A Very Important Day.  Illus. by Catherine Stock.  HarperCollins, 1995.  Gr. 1-4
Hest, Amy.  When Jessie Came Across the Sea.  Illus. by P.J. Lynch.  Candlewick, 1997.  Gr. 2-4
Hoobler, Dorothy & Thomas.  We Are Americans: Voices of the Immigrant Experience.  Scholastic, 2003.  Gr. 5-9
Howlett, Bud.  I'm New Here.  Houghton Mifflin, 1993.  Gr. 1-4
Knight, Margy Burns.  Who Belongs Here?: An American Story.  Illus. by Anne Sibley O'Brien.  Tilbury House,
1996.  Gr. 3-5
Kuklin, Susan.  How My Family Lives in America.  Aladdin, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Levine, Ellen.  I Hate English!  Illus. by Steve Bjorkman.  Scholastic, 1995.  Gr. K-3
Levinson, Riki.  Watch the Stars Come Out.  Illus. by Diane Goode.  Dutton, 985.  Gr. 1-4
Maestro, Betsy.  Coming to America: The Story of Immigration.  Illus. by Susannah Ryan.  Scholastic, 1996.  Gr. 2-5
Mobin-Uddin, Asma.  My Name Is Bilal.  Illus. by Barbara Kiwak.  Boyds Mills, 2005.  Gr. 4-6
Moss, Marissa.  Hannah's Journal: The Story of an Immigrant Girl.  Harcourt, 2000.  Gr. 3-5
Osborne, Linda Barrett.  This Land Is Our Land: A History of American Immigration.  Abrams, 2016.  Gr. 7-10
Park, Frances & Park, Ginger.  Goodbye, 382 Shin Dang Dong.  Illus. by Yangsook Choi.  National Geographic
Children's Books, 2002.  Gr. 1-4
Perez, Amada Irma.  My Diary from Here to There/Mi diario de aqui hasta alla.  Illus. by Maya Christina Gonzalez.
Children's Book Press, 2002.  Gr. 2-5
Pomeranc, Marion Hess.  The American Wei.  Illus. by DyAnne DiSalvo Ryan.  Albert Whitman, 1998.  Gr. K-2
Recorvits, Helen.  My Name is Yoon.  Illus. by Gabi Swiatkowska.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Russell, Barbara Timberlake.  Maggie's Amerikay.  Illus. by Jim Burke.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2006.  Gr. 2-5
Sandin, Joan.  The Long Way to a New Land  (I-Can-Read, Level 3).  HarperCollins, 1986.  Gr. 1-3
Snyder, Elaine.  Anna & Solomon.  Illus. by Harry Bliss.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2014.  Gr. 2-4
Winter, Jeanette.  Angelina's Island.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Winter, Jeanette.  Klara's New World.  Knopf, 1994.  Gr. 1-4
Woodruff, Elvira.  Small Beauties: The Journey of Darcy Heart O'Hara.  Illus. by Adam Rex.  Knopf, 2006.  Gr. 2-5
Yep, Laurence & Yep, Kathleen S.  The Dragon's Child: A Story of Angel Island.  HarperCollins, 2008.  Gr. 4-6
Yaccarino, Dan.  All the Way to America: The Story of a Big Italian Family and A Little Shovel.  Knopf. 2011.  Gr. K-3
Yezerski, Thomas F.  Together in Pinecone Patch.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1998.  Gr. 2-4

The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc.
A wealth of information about the history of Ellis Island and the people who passed through (some commercialization)
Ellis Island, from the National Park Service
Historical information and a photo gallery
Ellis Island, at the History Channel
Timeline and historical overview, including descriptions of each area at the center through which immigrants had to pass

See these two lesson plan sites for objectives, links to materials, descriptions of the activities, and evaluation:
Immigration: Stories of Yesterday and Today at Scholastic includes lessons for grades K-8 that includes a virtual tour of Ellis Island.
U.S. History Immigration has links to lessons and other materials on a variety of topics related to immigration.
Students might also research Angel Island, a detention center for immigrants in San Francisco Bay.


1906 – San Francisco earthquake, in which more than 3000 people were killed in the earthquake and the resulting fire
Branley, Franklin M.  Earthquakes.  Illus. by Megan Lloyd.  HarperCollins, 2005.  Gr. 2-4 (reissue)
Fradin, Judy & Fradin, Dennis.  Witness to Disaster: Earthquakes.  National Geographic, 2008.  Gr. 4-7
Gregory, Kristiana.  Earthquake at Dawn.  Houghton Mifflin, 1992.  Gr. 5-8
Karwoski, Gail Langer.  Quake: Disaster in San Francisco, 1906.  Illus. by Robert Papp.  Peachtree, 2004.  Gr. 4-6
Kehret, Peg.  Earthquake Terror.  Dutton, 1996.  Gr. 4-6
Kudlinski, Kathleen V.  Earthquake!: A Story of the San Francisco Earthquake.  Illus. by Ronald Himler.
Viking, 1993.  Gr. 3-5
Lee, Milly.  Earthquake.  Illus. by Yangsook Choi.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2001.  Gr. 1-3
McMorrow, Catherine.  Quakes! (Step into Reading, 5).  Illus. by Stephen Marchesi.  Random House, 2000.  Gr. 3-5
Prager, Ellen.  Earthquakes.  Illus. by Susan Greenstein.  National Geographic, 2002.  Gr. 1-3
Simon, Seymour.  Earthquakes.  Smithsonian/Collins, 2006.  Gr. 4-6 (reissue)
Simon, Seymour.  Danger! Earthquakes! (See More Readers, Level 2).  Chronicle, 2002.  Gr. 1-3
Tanaka, Shelley.   A Day That Changed America: Earthquake! On a Peaceful Spring Morning, Disaster Strikes
San Francisco.  Illus. by David Craig.  Hyperion, 2004.  Gr. 4-8
Yep, Laurence.  The Earth Dragon Awakes: The San Francisco Earthquake of 1906.  HarperCollins, 2006.  Gr. 3-6
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about earthquakes published in library editions; many deal specifically with the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.

The Great 1906 Earthquake and Fire, from the Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco
Substantial primary source documentation of the event, including newspaper clippings, official reports, eyewitness accounts, a timeline, and more
The Great San Francisco Earthquake, from “American Experience” on PBS
Transcript of the program, photo gallery, links to additional internet resources, and more

Using a map of the world, students can locate areas which are particularly at risk for earthquakes to occur.
Have students research the causes of earthquakes.
Students can use internet resources to read eyewitness accounts and view photos of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Have them write news articles covering the event—review the key items in a news article before writing.
Older students can research the role played by our government in assisting victims of disasters. What services are rendered? Who is in charge? How quickly do agencies move into action? What SHOULD the government do?
Invite students to debate the issues surrounding the desirability of living in a place that is at risk of natural disasters. Include the potential for earthquakes in California, hurricanes along the southeastern coastal regions, flooding along major rivers, “Tornado Alley” of the plains, and others, in the debate.


1775 – The “shot heard ‘round the world” (Ralph Waldo Emerson, “Concord Hymn,” 1837) was fired at Old North Bridge in Concord, Massachusetts, following the first shots near dawn at Lexington, marking the onset of the American Revolutionary War.
See ON THE SHELVES for an annotated bibliography of books about the American Revolution. Be sure to check school and public library shelves for nonfiction and related biographies published in library editions. See Activities Calendars for additional resources related to the following individuals: Paul Revere (January 1), Benjamin Franklin (January 17), George Washington (February 22), James Madison (March 16), Thomas Jefferson (April 13), Phillis Wheatley (September 1), Molly Pitcher (October 13), and John Adams (October 30).
American Revolution at KidInfo
Extensive collection of information including causes, events, people, maps, timelines, and much, much more
American Revolution
Comprehensive historical overview that includes biographies, battles, primary source documents, a timeline, and links to additional resources (some advertisements)
Revolutionary War
Numerous links to websites about the American Revolution!

Create life-size figures of people associated with the Revolution. Use white roll paper and have students trace around each other to obtain an outline. They will need to research period dress of both men and women. Have them use the internet to locate quotes from their subjects and make a word bubble for each figure. Possible subjects for this activity: Phillis Wheatley, Sybil Ludington, Deborah Sampson, Mercy Otis Warren, Crispus Attucks, Thomas Paine, Nathanael Greene, Samuel Adams, John Paul Jones, Ethan Allen, Patrick Henry, Lydia Darragh, Baron von Steuben, James Forten, King George III, Molly Pitcher, Benedict Arnold, John Adams, Marquis de Lafayette, Paul Revere, Nathan Hale, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Francis Marion, Alexander Hamilton.
Students can research individuals from the Revolution and make “posters” on the computer in the style of “wanted posters.” Each poster should have the individual’s name in big letters at the top. Have students locate a picture of their subject on the internet and copy and paste it onto the poster. Have them make a bulleted list of facts beneath the picture. Facts might include the dates they lived, their occupation before the revolution, and their contributions to the effort. (See list above.)
Identify several issues associated with the Revolution, such as taxes imposed upon the colonists, events leading up to the Revolution, and the like. Working in small groups, have students do the necessary research and debate the issues with one group taking the side of the Patriots and the other group as the Loyalists.
Research the role of spies in the Revolutionary War—who were they, how did they pass messages, what were some secret codes they used? Have small groups of students develop a code and a message that might have been sent in the war. Allow each group to teach its code to the class, and have the groups try to decipher each other’s messages. Spy Letters of the American Revolution will be helpful in this activity.
Make a timeline related to the Revolution, including events leading up to and during the war.
Students can assume a role as a participant (or observer) of an event (e.g., Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre, Paul Revere’s ride, discussion of the Declaration of Independence, an important battle, etc.), and write a letter home about what took place.


Let's visit the FARM!
Books (a selection):
Alborough, Jez.  The Gobble, Gobble, Moooooo Tractor Book.  Kane/Miller, 2010.  Gr. Pre-1
Aylesworth, Jim.  Cock-a-doodle-doo, Creak, Pop-Pop, Moo.  Illus. by Brad Sneed.  Holiday House, 2012.  Gr. Pre-2
Azarian, Mary.  A Farmer's Alphabet.  Godine, 2005.  Gr. K-2
Bond, Rebecca.  Escape from Baxter's Barn.  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2015.  Gr. 3-5
Brown, Craig.  Tractor.  Greenwillow, 1995.  Gr. K-2
Brown, Margaret Wise.  Big Red Barn.  Illus. by Felicia Bond.  HarperCollins (revised), 1989.  Gr. Pre-1
Cabrera, Jane.  Old MacDonald Had a Farm.  Holiday House, 2008.  Gr. Pre-1
Carter, Don.  Old MacDonald Drives a Tractor.  Roaring Brook, 2007.  Gr. K-2
Chitwood, Suzanne.  Wake Up, Big Barn!  Cartwheel, 2002.  Gr. Pre-2
Cooper, Elisha.  Farm.  Orchard, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Coppendale, Jean.  Tractors and Farm Vehicles.  Firefly, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Cowley, Joy.  The Rusty, Trusty Tractor.  Illus. by Olivier Dunrea.  Boyds Mills, 1999.  Gr. K-2
Craig, Lindsey.  Farmyard Beat.  Illus. by Marc Brown.  Knopf, 2011.  Gr. Pre-2
Dobbins, Jan.  Driving My Tractor.  Illus. by David Sim.  Barefoot Books, 2009.  Gr. Pre-1
Doyle, Eugenie.  Sleep Tight Farm.  Illus. by Becca Stadtlander.  Chronicle, 2016.  Gr. K-3
Egan, Tim.  Serious Farm.  Houghton Mifflin, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Elliott, David.  On the Farm.  Illus. by Holly Meade.  Candlewick, 2008.  Gr. Pre-2
Fleming, Denise.  Barnyard Banter.  Henry Holt, 1994.  Gr. Pre-2
Friend, Catherine.  Barn Boot Blues.  Marshall Cavendish, 2011.  Gr. 4-6
Garland, Michael.  Grandpa's Tractor.  Boyds Mills, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Gottfried, Maya.  Our Farm: By the Animals of Farm Sanctuary.  Illus. by Robert Rahway Zakanitch.  Knopf, 2010.
Gr. K-4 (poetry)
Greene, Rhonda Gowler.  Barnyard Song.  Illus. by Robert M. Bender.  Atheneum, 1997.  Gr. Pre-1
Huneck, Stephen.  Sally Goes to the Farm.  Abrams, 2002.  Gr. Pre-2
Jones, Carol.  Old MacDonald Had a Farm.  Houghton Mifflin, 1998.  Gr. Pre-1
Karas, G. Brian.  On the Farm, at the Market.  Henry Holt, 2016.  Gr.K-3
Kennedy, Anne Vittur.  Ragweed's Farm Dog Handbook.  Candlewick, 2015.  Gr. K-2
Kinsey-Warnock, Natalie.  From Dawn till Dusk.  Illus. by Mary Azarian.  Houghton Mifflin, 2002.  Gr. 1-4
Kinsey-Warnock, Natalie.  A Farm of Her Own.  Illus. by Kathleen Kolb.  Dutton, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Kutner, Merrily.  Down on the Farm.  Illus. by Will Hillenbrand.  Holiday House, 2004.  Gr. Pre-1
Lewison, Wendy Cheyette.  Going to Sleep on the Farm.  Illus. by Juan Wijingaard.  Dial, 1992.  Gr. K-2
Lindbergh, Reeve.  Midnight Farm.  Illus. by Susan Jeffers.  Dial, 1987.  Gr. K-2
Long, Ethan.  In, Over and On the Farm.  Putnam, 2015.  Gr. Pre-1
Long, Loren.  Otis.  Philomel, 2009.  Gr. K-2. Also: Otis and the Tornado (2011)
MacDonald, Margaret Read.  Barnyard Jamboree.  Illus. by Sophie Fatus.  Barefoot Books, 2009.  Gr. Pre-1
(CD included)
Martin, Bill, Jr. & Archambault, John.  Barn Dance.  Illus. by Ted Rand.  Henry Holt, 1986.  Gr. K-3
Maurer, Tracy Nelson.  John Deere, That's Who!  Illus. by Tim Zeltner.  Henry Holt, 2017.  Gr. K-3
McCanna, Tim.  Barnyard Boogie!  Illus. by Allison Black.  Abrams Appleseed, 2017.  Gr. Pre-1
McGee, Marni.  Noisy Farm.  Bloomsbury, 2004.  Gr. Pre-1
Michelson, Richard.  Tuttle's Red Barn.  Illus. by Mary Azarian.  Putnam, 2007.  Gr. 1-3
Minor, Wendell.  My Farm Friends.  Putnam, 2011.  Gr. Pre-2
Peterson, Cris.  Fantastic Farm Machines.  Photos by David R. Lundquist.  Boyds Mills, 2006.  Gr. 1-3
Ransom, Candice F.  Tractor Day.  Illus. by Laura Bryant.  Walker, 2007.  Gr. Pre-1
Regan, Dian Curtis.  Barnyard Slam.  Illus. by Paul Meisel.  Holiday House, 2009.  Gr. 1-3
Rosen, Michael J.  Our Farm: Four Seasons with Five Kids on One Family's Farm.  Darby Creek, 2008.  Gr. 3-6
Spurr, Elizabeth.  Farm Life.  Illus. by Steve Bjorkman.  Holiday House, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Sutton, Sally.  Farmer John's Tractor.  Illus. by Robyn Belton.  Candlewick, 2013.  Gr. K-2
Watterson, Carol.  An Edible Alphabet: 16 Reasons to Love the Farm.  Illus. by Michela Sorrentino.  Tricycle Press,
2011.  Gr. K-3
Tafuri, Nancy.  This Is the Farmer.  Greenwillow, 1994.  Gr. Pre-1
White, E.B.  Charlotte's Web.  HarperCollins, 1952.  Gr. 2-4
Winnick, Karen B.  Barn Sneeze.  Boyds Mills, 2002.  Gr. Pre-1
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about different types of farms, farm animals, and farm machinery published in library editions.

Agriculture in the Classroom, from USDA
Visit the Lesson Plans section of the "Teacher Center" for activities and lessons appropriate for a range of grade levels
All about Farm Animals: Farm Animal Activities for Kids and Teachers
Easy-to-read facts, plus printable pages, activities, lesson plans, songs and poems, crafts, and more
Kids Zone: Farm and Food Fun
Facts, projects, virtual tours related to different aspects of agriculture
Welcome to Old MacDonald's Farm
Cross-curricular farm theme with poems, songs, and many activities
On the Farm
Lesson plans, PowerPoints, printables, and crafts related to a farm theme
Links to lesson plans and a variety of thematic materials related to the farm

There are MANY ideas for farm theme units on the internet. Consult the resources listed above to get you started.
Create a farm mural. Brainstorm structures, machinery, crops, animals, etc., that should be part of the mural. Small groups can be responsible for different sections. Students can research farm animals and write their facts on index cards. Display the cards along the sides/bottom of the mural.


1838 – birthdate of John Muir, naturalist, author, and founder of the Sierra Club, was among the first to advocate for preserving wild places.
Danneberg, Julie.  John Muir Wrestles a Waterfall.  Illus. by Jamie Hogan.  Charlesbridge, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Dunlap, Julie & Lorbiecki, Marybeth.  John Muir and Stickeen: An Icy Adventure with a No-Good Dog.
Illus. by Bill Farnsworth.  NorthWord, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Koehler-Pentacoff, Elizabeth.  John Muir and Stickeen: An Alaskan Adventure.  Illus. by Karl Swanson.
Millbrook, 2003.  Gr. 3-5
Lasky, Kathryn.  John Muir: America’s First Environmentalist.  Illus. by Stan Fellows.  Candlewick, 2006.  Gr. 3-5
Locker, Thomas.  John Muir: America’s Naturalist.  Fulcrum, 2003.  Gr. 3-5
McCully, Emily Arnold.  Squirrel and John Muir.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Rosenstock, Barb.  The Camping Trip That Changed America: Theodore Roosevelt, John Muir, and Our National
Parks.  Illus. by Mordicai Gerstein.  Dial, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Wadsworth, Ginger.  Camping with the President.  Illus. by Karen Dugan.  Boyds Mills, 2009.  Gr. 3-5.
Check school and public library shelves for biographies about John Muir published in library editions.

John Muir Exhibit at the Sierra Club
An overview of John Muir’s contributions to conservation with links to additional information
John Muir National Historic Site, from the National Park Service
Information about Muir, plus a quote file and an extensive gallery of photos
John Muir, at the Ecology Hall of Fame
A biography, several of his writings, and testimonials to his contributions

After students learn about John Muir’s contributions to the establishment of national parks and the conservation of wild places, they can write and illustrate “letters” of thanks to him.
Obtain a California state quarter and show students that John Muir is pictured on it. Students can research reasons why he was chosen for this honor.
John Muir is credited with many quotes about nature. Make available a variety of art materials, such as watercolors and pastels, and invite students to create a piece of art based on one of his quotes. Possible quotes:
“A few minutes ago every tree was excited, bowing to the roaring storm, waving, swirling, tossing their branches in glorious enthusiasm like worship. But though to the outer ear these trees are now silent, their songs never cease.”
“Climb the mountains and get their good tidings.”
“How glorious a greeting the sun gives the mountains!”
“In every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks.”
“The mountains are calling and I must go.”
“Keep close to Nature's heart... and break clear away, once in awhile, and climb a mountain or spend a week in the woods. Wash your spirit clean.”
“Climb the mountains and get their good tidings. Nature's peace will flow into you as sunshine flows into trees. The winds will blow their own freshness into you, and the storms their energy, while cares will drop off like autumn leaves.”
“The grand show is eternal. It is always sunrise somewhere; the dew is never dried all at once; a shower is forever falling; vapor is ever rising. Eternal sunrise, eternal dawn and gloaming, on sea and continents and islands, each in its turn, as the round earth rolls.”
“Nature chose for a tool, not the earthquake or lightning to rend and split asunder, not the stormy torrent or eroding rain, but the tender snow-flowers noiselessly falling through unnumbered centuries.”
“Doubly happy, however, is the man whom lofty mountain tops are within reach, for the lights that shine there illumine all that lies below.”


Earth Day
First celebrated in 1970, the purpose of Earth Day is to remind the people of the world to respect and appreciate the Earth’s environment.
Add these titles to your own favorite “green” books!
Adler, David A.  Cam Jansen and the Green School Mystery.  Illus. by Joy Allen.  Viking, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Albert, Richard.  Alejandro’s Gift.  Illus. by Sylvia Long.  Chronicle, 1994.  Gr. 1-4
Alter, Anna.  What Can You Do with an Old Red Shoe?: A Green Activity Book about Reuse.  Henry Holt, 2009.
Gr. 1-4
Arnosky, Jim.  Crinkleroot's Guide to Giving Back to Nature.  Putnam, 2012.  Gr. 2-5
Asch, Frank.  The Earth and I.  Harcourt, 1994.  Gr. K-2
Atkins, Jeannine.  Aani and the Treehuggers.  Illus. by Venantius J. Pinto.  Lee & Low, 1995.  Gr. 2-5
Base, Graeme.  Uno’s Garden.  Abrams, 2006.  Gr. 2-5
Bouler, Olivia.  Olivia's Birds: Saving the Gulf.  Sterling, 2011.  Gr. 3-5
Brown, Laurie Krasny & Brown, Marc.  Dinosaurs to the Rescue!: A Guide to Protecting Our Planet.
Little, Brown, 1992.  Gr. K-3
Brown, Marc.  Arthur Turns Green.  Little, Brown, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Brown, Peter.  The Curious Garden.  Little, Brown, 2009.  Gr. 1-3
Burningham, John.  Hey! Get Off Our Train.  Knopf, 1990.  Gr. K-3
Burns, Loree Griffin.  Tracking Trash: Flotsam, Jetsam, and the Science of Ocean Motion.  Houghton Mifflin,
2007.  Gr. 5-8
Cherry, Lynne.  A River Ran Wild.  Harcourt, 1992.  Gr. 2-4
Child, Lauren.  We Are Extremely Very Good Recyclers.  Dial, 2009.  Gr. K-2
Cole, Joanna.  The Magic School Bus and the Climate Challenge.  Illus. by Bruce Degan.  Scholastic, 2010.  Gr. 2-5
Cooling, Wendy.  All the Wild Wonders: Poems of Our Earth.  Illus. by Piet Grobler.  Frances Lincoln, 2010.  Gr. 2-5
deGroat, Diane.  Ants in Your Pants, Worms in Your Plants!  (Gilbert Goes Green).  HarperCollins, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Delano, Marfe Ferguson.  Earth in the Hot Seat: Bulletins from a Warming World.  National Geographic, 2009.
Gr. 5-9
DiSalvo-Ryan, DyAnne.  City Green.  HarperCollins, 1994.  Gr. K-3
Drummond, Allan.  Energy Island.  Frances Foster, 2011.  Gr. 2-4
Ehrlich, Amy.  Rachel: The Story of Rachel Carson.  Illus. by Wendell Minor.  Harcourt, 2003.  Gr. 2-5
Fife, Dale H.  The Empty Lot.  Illus. by Jim Arnosky.  Little, Brown, 1991.  Gr. K-3
Garrett, Leslie.  Earth Smart: How to Take Care of the Environment.  DK, 2006.  Gr. 2-4
George, Jean Craighead.  The Buffalo Are Back.  Illus. by Wendell Minor.  Dutton, 2010.  Gr. 3-5
George, Jean Craighead.  The Last Polar Bear.  Illus. by Wendell Minor.  HarperCollins, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Gibbons, Gail.  Recycle: A Handbook for Kids.  Little, Brown, 1992.  Gr. 2-4
Gifford, Peggy.  Great Big Green.  Illus. by Lisa Desimini.  Boyds Mills, 2014.  Gr. K-2
Glaser, Linda.  Our Big Home: An Earth Poem.  Illus. by Elisa Kleven.  Millbrook, 2000.  Gr. K-5
Gore, Al.  An Inconvenient Truth: The Crisis of Global Warming.  Viking, 2007.  Gr. 5-9
Guiberson, Brenda Z.  Earth: Feeling the Heat.  Illus. by Chad Wallace.  Henry Holt, 2010.  Gr. 1-4
Gutman, Dan.  Recycle This Book: 100 Top Children’s Book Authors Tell You How to Go Green.
Random House, 2009.  Gr. 5-9
Harper, Charise Mericle.  Just Grace Goes Green.  Houghton Mifflin, 2009.  Gr. 3-5
Herzog, Brad.  S Is for Save the Planet: A How-to-Be Green Alphabet.  Illus. by Linda Holt Ayriss.
Sleeping Bear Press, 2009.  Gr. 3-8
Hiaasen, Carl.  Hoot.  Random House, 2002.  Gr. 5-8
Javna, John; Javna, Sophie, & the EarthWorks Group.  The New 50 Simple Things Kids Can Do to Save the
Earth.  Andrews McMeel Publ., 2009.  Gr. 2 & above
Jenkins, Steve.  Almost Gone: The World’s Rarest Animals.  HarperCollins, 2006.  Gr. 1-3
Jenkins, Martin.  Can We Save the Tiger?  Illus. by Vicky White.  Candlewick, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Johnston, Tony.  The Whole Green World.  Illus. by Elisa Kleven.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2005.
Gr. Pre-2
Kooser, Ted.  Bag in the Wind.  Illus. by Barry Root.  Candlewick, 2010.  Gr. 1-4
Kooser, Ted.  House Held Up by Trees.  Illus. by Jon Klassen.  Candlewick, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Kroll, Steven.  Stuff!: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.  Illus. by Steve Cox.  Marshall Cavendish, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Lawlor, Laurie.  Rachel Carson and Her Book That Changed the World.  Illus. by Laura Beingessner.  Holiday
House, 2012.  Gr. 2-5
Leedy, Loreen.  The Great Trash Bash.  Holiday House, 1991.  Gr. K-3
Lewis, J. Patrick.  Make the Earth Your Companion.  Illus. by Anna and Elena Balbusso.  Creative Editions,
2017.  Gr. 3-6
Lowery, Linda.  Earth Day.  Illus. by Mary Bergherr.  Lerner, 2003.  Gr. 2-4
Martin, Bill, Jr. & Sampson, Michael R.  I Love Our Earth.  Photos by Dan Lipow.  Charlesbridge, 2006.  Gr. Pre-2
McNamara, Margaret.  Earth Day (Ready-to-Read, Level 1).  Illus. by Mike Gordon.  Aladdin, 2009.  Gr. Pre-2
Miller, Edward.  Recycling Day.  Holiday House, 2014.  Gr. K-3
Montgomery, Sy.  Kakapo Rescue: Saving the World's Strangest Parrot.  Photos by Nic Bishop.  Houghton Mifflin,
2009.  Gr. 4-7
Murphy, Stuart J.  Earth Day--Hooray! (Math Start).  Illus. by Renee Andriani.  HarperCollins, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
O’Sullivan, Joanne.  101 Ways You Can Help Save the Planet Before You’re 12!  Sterling, 2009.  Gr. 4-8
Patten, Brian.  The Blue & Green Ark: An Alphabet for Planet Earth.  Illus. by 11 different artists.
Scholastic, 2000.  Gr. 4-6
Roca, Nuria.  The Three R’s: Reuse, Reduce, Recycle.  Illus. by Rosa M. Curto.  Barron’s, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Rohmer, Harriet.  Heroes of the Environment: True Stories of People Who Are Helping to Protect the Planet.
Illus. by Julie McLaughlin.  Chronicle, 2009.  Gr. 5-9
Roop, Connie & Roop, Peter.  Let’s Celebrate Earth Day.  Illus. by Gwen Connelly.  Millbrook, 2001.  Gr. 2-4
Ryder, Joanne.  Earthdance.  Illus. by Norman Gorbaty.  Henry Holt, 1996.  Gr. 1-5
Schimmel, Schim.  Dear Children of the Earth.  NorthWord, 1994.  Gr. K-3
Dr. Seuss.  The Lorax.  Random House, 1971.  Gr. 1-5
Showers, Paul.  Where Does the Garbage Go?  Illus. by Randy Chewning.  HarperCollins, 1994.  Gr. 2-4
Siddals, Mary McKenna.  Compost Stew: An A to Z Recipe for the Earth.  Illus. by Ashley Wolff.  Tricycle Press,
2010.  Gr. 1-4
Spinelli, Eileen.  Mrs. Fox's Class Goes Green.  llus. by Anne Kennedy.  Albert Whitman, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Wallace, Nancy Elizabeth.  Recycle Every Day!  Marshall Cavendish, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Walsh, Melanie.  10 Things I Can Do to Help My World: Fun and Easy Eco-Tips.  Candlewick, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Wellington, Monica.  Gabby and Grandma Go Green.  Dutton, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Wilson, Janet.  Our Earth: How Kids Are Saving the Planet.  Second Story, 2010.  Gr. 2-5
Winter, Jonah.  Here Comes the Garbage Barge!  Illus. by Red Nose Studio.  Schwartz & Wade, 2010.  Gr. 1-4
Wong, Janet S.  The Dumpster Diver.  Illus. by David Roberts.  Candlewick, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Yezerski, Thomas F.  Meadowlands: A Wetlands Survival Story.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2011.  Gr. 2-4
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books with Earth Day and ecology-related themes published in library editions.

Earth Day Resources at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Considerable amount of information on a variety of topics related to having a clean environment, including lesson plans and activities, printables and much more
Facts, activities, crafts, and links to much more
8 Great Earth Day Activities for Kids
Links to activities and information (advertisements)
Earth Day Network
Older student interest; overviews of programs, events, and activities worldwide

If you don’t have one already, organize a class or school recycling project. Look around for items at school that can be reused. Set up recycling containers for items most likely found in schools (e.g., newspaper, mixed paper, aluminum cans, plastic beverage bottles). Students can make posters encouraging recycling and place them by the containers.
Discuss ways in which people, plants, and animals are interconnected and dependent upon each other. Divide the class into small groups and have each group create a graphic that shows an example of this interdependence. Display the graphics under the heading of this quote by John Muir, “When we try to pick anything out by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the universe.”
Brainstorm with students the different types of pollution and create a chart that lists causes and possible solutions. For example, next to “water pollution,” they might list “trash in the water,” “chemicals,” “oil spill,” etc. For solutions, they might list “cleaning up litter,” “no dumping of wastes,” “properly functioning boats,” etc.
Divide the class into small groups and give each group an item that would likely be discarded (e.g., a worn out shoe, a broken umbrella, old computer disks, dry ballpoint pens, a broken toy, etc.). Ask each group to be creative and brainstorm possible ways the item can be “recycled” for a new purpose.
Students can research “fast facts” with regard to Earth Day related topics (e.g., recycling, conserving water, saving electricity, etc.) and post statements in appropriate places in the school. For example, place this sign by a paper recycling bin: Recycling 1 ton of paper saves 17 trees, 7,000 gallons of water, 2 barrels of oil, and enough energy to power the average American home for five months.
Encourage students to examine the packaging for food and other items for the recycling symbol. Start a class list of products that use recycled materials for packaging.


1791 – birthdate of James Buchanan, 15th president of the United States
Search school and library shelves for biographies of James Buchanan in library editions of series about the presidents.
POTUS, Presidents of the United States at the Internet Public Library
Facts, both personal and political, links, and related information
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia aboutabout James Buchanan — must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find Buchanan
American Presidents at the Miller Center
Extensive information on all aspects of the presidents' lives, including a photo gallery, speeches, presidential recordings, and more. Excellent for research

On the “Meet-the-Presidents” timeline, have someone take the responsibility for adding James Buchanan, using the fact recording sheet.


Eggs: Eggciting and Eggstraordinary!
Aston, Dianne Hutts.  An Egg Is Quiet.  Illus. by Sylvia Long.  Chronicle, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Desmoinaux, Christel.  Mrs. Hen's Big Surprise.  McElderry, 2000.  Gr. Pre-1
Ernst, Lisa Campbell.  Zinnia and Dot.  Viking, 2002.  Gr. K-2
Gill, Shelley.  The Egg.  Illus. by Jo-Ellen Bossun.  Charlesbridge, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Gravett, Emily.  The Odd Egg.  Simon & Schuster, 2009.  Gr. Pre-2
Grey, Mini.  Egg Drop.  Knopf, 2009.  Gr. 1-3
Henkes, Kevin.  Egg.  Greenwillow, 2017.  Gr. Pre-1
Jenkins, Steve & Page, Robin.  Egg: Nature's Perfect Package.  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2015.  Gr. K-4
Joyce, William.  Bently & Egg.  HarperCollins, 1992.  Gr. K-3
Montes, Marisa.  Egg-napped!  Illus. by Marsha Winborn.  HarperCollins, 2002.  Gr. K-2
Paschkis, Julie.  P. Zonka Lays an Egg.  Peachtree, 2015.  Gr. K-3
Posada, Mia.  Guess What Is Growing Inside This Egg.  Millbrook, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Polacco, Patricia.  Rechenka's Eggs.  Philomel, 1988.  Gr. K-3
San Souci, Robert D.  The Talking Eggs.  Illus. by Jerry Pinkney.  Dial, 1989.  Gr. K-3
Singer, Marilyn.  Eggs.  Illus. by Emma Stevenson.  Holiday House, 2008.  Gr. 2-5
Sklansky, Amy E.  Where Do Chicks Come From?  Illus. by Pam Paparone.  HarperCollins, 2005.
Gr. K-3
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about eggs and life cycles of egg-laying animals published in library editions.

Incredible Egg, American Egg Board
Egg history and trivia, recipes, crafts and more
American Egg Board
Educators' section includes lesson plans, activities, and "eggsperiments"

Brainstorm a list of animals that lay eggs. Keep the list handy so students can add to it as they learn more about egg-laying animals.
Watch the "Reading Rainbow" episode of Rechenka's Eggs, featuring Patricia Polacco painting pysanky eggs. There is also a segment on eggs that includes the song, "Three Cheers for Eggs," in the "Reading Rainbow" episode of The Day Jimmy's Boa Ate the Wash.
Students can research animals besides birds that lay eggs. Encourage them to find facts such as: size of the egg, color of the egg, texture of the shell, how many eggs the animal lays, and where it lays its eggs. Use the egg-shaped paper for facts (it is large enough for them to draw or download a picture to include on the egg). Use the fact eggs for a bulletin board or bind them into an egg-shaped book.
Starting with a list of familiar birds (e.g., hummingbird, robin, cardinal, bluejay, goldfinch, meadowlark, ostrich, crow, dove, red-headed woodpecker, etc.), students can research the size of their eggs and cut out construction paper eggs in those sizes. For some math activities, they can: arrange the eggs from smallest to largest; compare sizes to see which birds have eggs about the same size; estimate the number of goldfinch eggs (or other kind of bird) that would fit inside an ostrich egg (discuss how real eggs differ from the paper eggs); and compare the eggs with other classroom objects (e.g., "The robin's egg is about the same size as a ….").
Graph students' favorite ways to eat eggs (fried, scramble, hardboiled, poached, etc.)
If possible, take a field trip to a hatchery or turkey farm, where students can view incubators; chicks and ducklings in the process of hatching; chicks and ducklings already hatched, and the adults.
Teachers wanting to hatch eggs in the classroom might be interested in this homemade incubator. Complete instructions may be found at Homemade Incubator.


World Penguin Day
Arrhenius, Peter.  The Penguin Quartet.  Illus. by Ingela Peterson.  Carolrhoda, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Atwater, Richard & Atwater, Florence.  Mr. Popper’s Penguins.  Little, Brown, 1988.  Gr. 3-5 (reissue)
Barner, Bob.  Penguins, Penguins, Everywhere!  Chronicle, 2007.  Gr. K-2
Bishop, Nic.  Penguin Day.  Scholastic, 2017.  Gr. K-2
Buzzeo, Toni.  One Cool Friend.  Illus. by David Small.  Dial, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Fromental, Jean-Luc.  365 Penguins.  Illus. by Joёlle Jolivet.  Abrams, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
Gibbons, Gail.  Penguins!  Holiday House, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Guiberson, Brenda Z.  The Emperor Lays an Egg.  Illus. by Joan Paley.  Henry Holt, 2001.  Gr. 1-3
Hooper, Meredith.  Antarctic Journal.  Illus. by Lucia DeLeiris.  National Geographic, 2000.  Gr. 5-7
Jeffers, Oliver.  Lost and Found.  Philomel, 2006.  Gr. K-2
Jenkins, Martin.  The Emperor’s Egg.  Illus. by Jane Chapman.  Candlewick, 1999.  Gr. K-3
John, Jory.  Penguin Problems.  Illus. by Lane Smith.  Random House, 2016.  Gr. K-2
Judge, Lita.  Flight School.  Atheneum, 2014.  Gr. K-3
Lester, Helen.  Tacky the Penguin.  Illus. by Lynn Munsinger.  Houghton Mifflin, 1988.  Gr. K-3.
See also: Three Cheers for Tacky (1994); Tacky in Trouble (1998); Tacky and the Emperor (2000); Tackylocks and the Three Bears (2002); Tacky and the Winter Games (2005); Tacky Goes to Camp (2009); Tacky's Christmas (2010); Happy Birdday, Tacky! (2013).
Lewis, Suzanne.  A Penguin Named Patience: A Hurricane Katrina Rescue Story.  Illus. by Lisa Anchin.  Sleeping
Bear Press, 2015.  Gr. K-3
London, Jonathan.  Little Penguin: The Emperor of Antarctica.  Illus. by Julie Olson.  Marshall Cavendish, 2011.
Gr. K-3
Markle, Sandra.  A Mother’s Journey.  Illus. by Alan Marks.  Charlesbridge, 2005.  Gr. K-2
Markle, Sandra.  Growing Up Wild: Penguins.  Atheneum, 2002.  Gr. 2-4
Marzollo, Jean.  Pierre the Penguin.  Illus. by Laura Tegan.  Sleeping Bear, 2010.  Gr. K-2
McDonald, Megan.  Penguin and Little Blue.  Illus. by Katherine Tillotson.  Atheneum, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Minor, Wendell & Minor, Florence.  If You Were A Penguin.  Illus. by Wendell Minor.  HarperCollins, 2008.  Gr. Pre-2
Mitton, Tony.  Playful Little Penguins.  Illus. by Guy Parker-Rees.  Walker, 2007.  Gr. Pre-2
Momatiuk, Yva.  Face to Face with Penguins.  Photographs by John Eastcott.  National Geographic Children’s
Books, 2009.  Gr. 2-5
Nixon, Joan Lowery.  Gus & Gertie and the Lucky Charms.  Illus. by Diane deGroat.  SeaStar, 2001.  Gr. 2-4
Nixon, Joan Lowery.  Gus & Gertie and the Missing Pearl.  Illus. by Diane deGroat.  SeaStar, 2000.  Gr. 2-4
Pichon, Liz.  Penguins.  Orchard, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Portis, Antoinette.  A Penguin Story.  HarperCollins, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Pringle, Laurence.  Penguins! Strange and Wonderful.  Illus. by Meryl Henderson.  Boyds Mills, 2007.  Gr. 2-5
Proimos, James.  Waddle! Waddle!  Scholastic, 2015.  Gr. Pre-2
Rodriguez, Edel.  Sergio Makes a Splash.  Little, Brown, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Ryan, Pam Muñoz.  Tony Baloney.  Illus. by Edwin Fotheringham.  Scholastic, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Seibold, J. otto.  Penguin Dreams.  Illus. by V.L. Walsh.  Chronicle, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Sierra, Judy.  Antarctic Antics: A Book of Penguin Poems.  Illus. by Jose Aruego & Ariane Dewey.
Harcourt, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Sill, Cathryn.  About Penguins.  Illus. by John Sill.  Peachtree, 2009.  Gr. K-2
Simon, Seymour.  Penguins.  Collins, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Tatham, Betty.  Penguin Chick.  Illus. by Helen K. Davie.  HarperCollins, 2001.  Gr. 1-3
Webb, Sophie.  My Season with Penguins: An Antarctic Journal.  Houghton Mifflin, 2000.  Gr. 4-8
Wilson, Karma.  Where Is Home, Little Pip?  Illus. by Jane Chapman.  McElderry, 2008.  Gr. Pre-2  Also: Don't Be
Afraid, Little Pip (2009) and What's in the Egg, Little Pip? (2011)
Wood, A. J.  The Little Penguin.  Illus. by Stephanie Boey.  Dutton, 2002.  Gr. Pre-2
Wood, Audrey.  Little Penguin’s Tale.  Harcourt, 1989.  Gr. K-2
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about penguins published in library editions.

Penguin Planet
Information about the different species of penguins, magnificent photo gallery, video clips, and a “Kid’s Corner”
Antarctic Penguins
Excellent information and superb photos of adélie and emperor penguins
Animals Creature Feature at National Geographic Kids: Emperor Penguins
Information, photos, video, a coloring page, and a link to similar information about adélie penguins
Links to crafts activities, stationery, photos, and printables (advertisements)

Working with partners, students can research different species of penguins regarding the following information: where they live in the world, physical characteristics, diet and eating habits, unique behaviors, predators, and how adults care for chicks. As they determine where penguins live, have them make word labels and attach them to a map of the world. Use the penguin fact sheet for recording information. After they have completed their research, give students a piece of white roll-type bulletin board paper. Their task is to draw a life-size illustration of their penguin. They need to use measuring sticks, and will need a detailed photograph of their penguin to consult while drawing. Arrange the drawings in order of size and display with the fact sheets. Label the display, “March of the Penguins.”
Display “About Penguins” and have students imitate the movement of penguins.
Make paper plate penguin puppets. Each student needs 3 and 1/2 white paper plates. Directions: Paint (or color) the bottom side of one paper plate and cut in half—these are the penguin’s wings. Cut a white paper plate in half, and glue or staple the half to a whole paper plate with the top sides of the plates facing each other. The whole paper plate is the penguin’s body. Students can slip a hand underneath the half plate on the back of the body to hold the puppet. Glue or staple the black wings to the front of the paper plate body. Cut the center circle out of the remaining paper plate. This is the penguin’s head. Add facial features and glue or staple to the body. Use scraps from the unused portions of paper plates to make feet.


1785 -- birthdate of John James Audubon, ornithologist and artist whose paintings, cataloguing, and descriptions of birds of North America set a standard for naturalists.
See National Birdfeeding Month (February 18) on the Activities Calendars for additional book titles, weblinks, and activities related to birds.
Armstrong, Jennifer.  Audubon: Painter of Birds in the Wild Frontier.  Illus. by Jos A. Smith.  Abrams, 2003.  Gr. 2-5
Burleigh, Robert.  Into the Woods: John James Audubon Lives His Dream.  Illus. by Wendell Minor.  Atheneum,
2003.  Gr. 3-5
Davies, Jacqueline.  The Boy Who Drew Birds: A Story of John James Audubon.  Illus. by Melissa Sweet.
Houghton Mifflin, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Books about birds (a selection):
Arnold, Caroline.  Birds: Nature’s Magnificent Flying Machines.  Illus. by Patricia J. Wynne.  Charlesbridge, 2003.
Gr. 3-5
Arnosky, Jim.  Thunder Birds: Nature's Flying Predators.  Sterling, 2011.  Gr. 1-4
Berkes, Marianne.  Marsh Morning.  Illus. by Robert Noreika.  Millbrook, 2003.  Gr. 1-4
Bruchac, Joseph.  The Great Ball Game: A Muskogee Story.  Illus. by Susan Roth.  Dial, 1994.  Gr. K-3
Cate, Annette LeBlanc.  Look Up!: Bird-Watching in Your Own Backyard.  Candlewick, 2013.  Gr. 2-5
Franco, Betsy.  Birdsongs.  Illus. by Steve Jenkins.  McElderry, 2007.  Gr. K-3
George, Jean Craighead.  Luck.  Illus. by Wendell Minor.  HarperCollins, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
George, Kristine O’Connell.  Hummingbird Nest: A Journal of Poems.  Illus. by Barry Moser.  Harcourt, 2004.
Gr. 2 & above
Graham, Bob.  How to Heal a Broken Wing.  Candlewick, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Henkes, Kevin.  Birds.  Illus. by Laura Dronzek.  Greenwillow, 2009.  Gr. Pre-2
Hoose, Phillip.  The Race to Save the Lord God Bird.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004.  Gr. 6 & above
James, Simon.  The Birdwatchers.  Candlewick, 2002.  Gr. K-3
Judge, Lita.  Bird Talk: What Birds Are Saying and Why.  Roaring Brook, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Lipp, Frederick.  The Caged Birds of Phnom Penh.  Illus. by Ronald Himler.  Holiday House, 2001.  Gr. 1-4
McCarthy, Meghan.  City Hawk: The Story of Pale Male.  Simon & Schuster, 2007.  Gr. K-2
Mead, Alice.  Billy and Emma.  Illus. by Christy Hale.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Montenegro, Laura Nyman.  A Poet’s Bird Garden.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Munro, Roxie.  Hatch!  Marshall Cavendish, 2011. Gr. 2-4
Myers, Christopher.  Fly.  Hyperion, 2001.  Gr. 1-4
Prevert, Jacques.  How to Paint the Portrait of a Bird.  Illus. & trans. by Mordicai Gerstein.  Roaring Brook, 2007.
Gr. 1-3
Ray, Mary Lyn.  Welcome, Brown Bird.  Illus. by Peter Sylvada.  Harcourt, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Rylant, Cynthia.  The Bird House.  Illus. by Barry Moser.  Blue Sky/Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. 1-4
Sayre, April Pulley.  The Hungry Hummingbird.  Illus. by Gay W. Holland.  Millbrook, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Schulman, Janet.  Pale Male: Citizen Hawk of New York City.  Illus. by Meilo So.  Knopf, 2008.  Gr. 2-5
Stockdale, Susan.  Bring on the Birds.  Peachtree, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Ward, Helen.  The King of the Birds.  Millbrook, 1997.  Gr. K-3
Winter, Jeanette.  The Tale of Pale Male: A True Story.  Harcourt, 2007.  Gr. 1-3
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about birds and bird identification guides published in library editions.

Bird Facts for Kids, from Washington NatureMapping Program
Rather lengthy list of birds with fact sheets and full color photographs
All About Birds: Building Skills, from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Excellent site that explores keys to identification of birds, including size and shape, color pattern, behavior, habitat, field marks, and songs and calls—lots of photos (some in silhouette also)
Bird Themed Coloring Pages
Outlines of common birds that can be downloaded

Locate some reproductions of Audubon’s paintings of birds and compare them with actual photos. Discuss his attention to detail and the realism of the paintings. Art.com (a commercial site) displays 318 items by Audubon (some are paintings of mammals), which can be enlarged for better viewing.
Students can prepare a “Birdwatcher’s Guide.” Research tips for successful birdwatching, that includes tools or equipment that a birdwatcher might use, behaviors of a birdwatcher, and the like. Students might add pictures of birds common to their area to the guide, as well. They could also add a section on respect for birds and their nests.
Brainstorm a list of birds with which students are familiar. Display a number of nonfiction books about birds. Invite students to add to the list as they learn facts about different birds. Use the list as the beginning of a comparison chart (if the list is lengthy, as a group, decide which birds will be included in the comparison). Set up the chart with the bird name along the left side. Across the top of the chart, list the factors to be compared (e.g., habitat, size, nest and eggs, diet, and interesting fact), and leave a column for a photo. Students can complete the chart as they find information.


1822 -- birthdate of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th president of the United States, and general-in-chief of the Union Army in 1864-1865
Search school and library shelves for biographies of Ulysses S. Grant in library editions of series about the presidents.
POTUS, Presidents of the United States at the Internet Public Library
Facts, both personal and political, links, and related information
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia about Ulysses S. Grant - must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find Grant
American Presidents at the Miller Center
Extensive information on all aspects of the presidents' lives, including a photo gallery, speeches, presidential recordings, and more. Excellent for research
Ulysses S. Grant, from “American Experience” on PBS
Transcript of the program, photo gallery, a timeline, teacher’s guide, and more

On the “Meet-the-Presidents” timeline, have someone take the responsibility for adding Ulysses S. Grant, using the fact recording sheet. Another student might wish to add a statement about his activities as a Civil War general.


Arbor Day
This holiday, founded by J. Sterling Morton in Nebraska City, Nebraska, on which people are encouraged to plant trees, is celebrated in many countries around the world.
Arnosky, Jim.  Crinkleroot's Guide to Knowing the Trees.  Simon & Schuster, 1992.  Gr. 1-4
Bash, Barbara.  In the Heart of the Village: The World of the Indian Banyan Tree.  Sierra Club, 1996.  Gr. 2-5
Bash, Barbara.  Tree of Life: The World of the African Baobab.  Little, Brown, 1990.  Gr. 2-5
Bernard, Robin.  A Tree for All Seasons.  National Geographic, 1999.  Gr. K-2
Brenner, Barbara.  One Small Place in a Tree.  Illus. by Tom Leonard.  HarperCollins, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Brenner, Barbara & Garelick, May.  The Tremendous Tree Book.  Illus. by Fred Brenner.  Boyds Mills, 1998.  Gr. K-2
Bunting, Eve.  Someday a Tree.  Illus. by Ronald Himler.  Clarion, 1993.  Gr. K-3
Cherry, Lynne.  The Great Kapok Tree.  Harcourt, 1990.  Gr. 1-3
DePalma, Mary Newell.  A Grand Old Tree.  Arthur A. Levine/Scholastic, 2005.  Gr. Pre-2
Florian, Douglas.  Poetrees.  Beach Lane/Simon & Schuster, 2010.  Gr. 2-4
Formento, Alison.  This Tree Counts!  Illus. by Sarah Snow.  Albert Whitman, 2010.  Gr. Pre-2
Gackenbach, Dick.  Mighty Tree.  Harcourt, 1992.  Gr. K-3
Galbraith, Kathryn O.  Arbor Day Square.  Illus. by Cyd Moore.  Peachtree, 2010.  Gr. K-3
George, Kristine O'Connell.  Old Elm Speaks: Tree Poems.  Illus. by Kate Kiesler.  Clarion, 1998.  Gr. 1-5
Gibbons, Gail.  Tell Me, Tree: All about Trees for Kids.  Little, Brown, 2002.  Gr. K-3
Gosline, Andrea Alban.  The Happiness Tree: Celebrating the Gifts of Trees We Treasure.
Illus. by Lisa Burnett Bossi.  Feiwel & Friends, 2008.  Gr. 1-4
Gove, Doris.  My Mother Talks to Trees.  Illus. by Marilynn H. Mallory.  Peachtree, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
Hiscock, Bruce.  The Big Tree.  Atheneum, 1991.  Gr. 2-4
Hopkins, H. Joseph.  The Tree Lady: The True Story of How One Tree-Loving Woman Changed a City Forever.
Illus. by Jill McElmurry.  Beach Lane, 2013.  Gr. 2-4
Karas, G. Brian.  As an Oak Tree Grows.  Nancy Paulsen/Penguin, 2014.  Gr. K-3
Kostecki-Shaw, Jenny Sue.  Luna & Me: The True Story of a Girl Who Lived in a Tree to Save a Forest.  Henry Holt,
2015.  Gr. K-3
Lauber, Patricia.  Be a Friend to Trees.  Illus. by Holly Keller.  HarperCollins, 1994.  Gr. 2-4
Layton, Neal.  The Tree: An Environmental Fable.  Candlewick, 2017.  Gr. Pre-1
Matheson, Christie.  Tap the Magic Tree.  HarperCollins, 2013.  Gr. Pre-1
McPhail, David.  The Family Tree.  Henry Holt, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Messner, Kate.  Tree of Wonder: The Many Marvelous Lives of a Rainforest Tree.  Illus. by Simona Mulazzani.
Chronicle, 2015.  Gr. 1-4
Miller, Debbie S.  Are Trees Alive?  Illus. by Stacey Schuett.  Walker, 2003.  Gr. 1-3
Morrison, Gordon.  Oak Tree.  Houghton Mifflin, 2000.  Gr. 2-5
Muldrow, Diane.  We Planted a Tree.  Illus. by Bob Staake.  Golden, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Muller, Gerda.  Around the Oak.  Dutton, 1994.  Gr. 2-4
Napoli, Donna Jo.  Mama Miti: Wangari Maathai and the Trees of Kenya.  Illus. by Kadir Nelson.
Simon & Schuster, 2010.  Gr. K-4
Nichols, Lori.  Maple.  Nancy Paulsen, 2014.  Gr. Pre-1
Nivola, Claire A.  Planting the Trees of Kenya: The Story of Wangari Maathai.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
O'Garden, Irene.  Forest, What Would You Like?  Illus. by Pat Schories.  Holiday House, 2013.  Gr. K-3
Oppenheim, Joanne.  Have You Seen Trees?  Illus. by Jean & Mou-Sien Tseng.  Scholastic, 1995.
Gr. Pre-2
Pfeffer, Wendy.  A Log's Life.  Illus. by Robin Brickman.  Simon & Schuster, 1997.  Gr. K-3
Preus, Margi.  Celebritrees: Historic and Famous Trees of the World.  Illus. by Rebecca Gibbon.  Henry Holt, 2011.
Gr. 2-5
Reid, Barbara.  Picture a Tree.  Whitman, 2013.  Gr. Pre-3
Romanova, Natalia.  Once There Was a Tree.  Illus. by Gennady Spirin.  Dial, 1985.  Gr. 2-4
Ruelle, Karen Gray.  The Tree.  Illus. by Deborah Durland DeSaix.  Holiday House, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Ryder, Joanne.  Hello, Tree!  Illus. by Michael Hays.  Dutton, 1991.  Gr. K-3
Salas, Laura Purdie.  A Leaf Can Be....  Illus. by Violeta Dabija.  Millbrook, 2012.  Gr. K-2
Sanders, Scott Russell.  Meeting Trees.  Illus. by Robert Hynes.  National Geographic, 1997.  Gr. K-3
Tresselt, Alvin.  The Gift of the Tree.  Illus. by Henri Sorensen.  HarperCollins, 1992.  Gr. 1-3
Udry, Janice May.  A Tree Is Nice.  Illus. by Marc Simont.  HarperCollins, 1956.  Gr. K-3
Van Allsburg, Chris.  Just a Dream.  Houghton Mifflin, 1990.  Gr. 2-5
Wellington, Monica.  My Leaf Book.  Dial, 2015.  Gr. 1-4
Winter, Jeanette.  Wangari's Trees of Peace: A True Story of Africa.  Harcourt, 2008.  Gr. K-4
Worth, Bonnie.  I Can Name 50 Trees Today!: All About Trees.  Illus. by Aristides Ruiz & Joe Mathieu.
Random House, 2006.  Gr. 2-4
Zweibel, Alan.  Our Tree Named Steve.  Illus. by David Catrow.  Putnam, 2005.  Gr. 1-3
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about trees and Arbor Day published in library editions.

Arbor Day Foundation
Many resources including online games and activities, an online tree identification guide, an Arbor Day video, Carly's (the cardinal) Kids Corner, and more
Arbor Day
An overview of Arbor Day and a listing of when it is celebrated in all 50 states that includes the states' trees

Ask students how trees differ from other plants. Make a list of kinds of trees they know.
Go on a tree walk. Take a tree identification field guide, paper for making notes and sketches, a digital camera for photos, and collection bags (for twigs, leaves, pine cones, bark, etc.). Encourage students to notice the following: the shapes of different trees (e.g., the crown, branches, etc.); the characteristics of leaves and bark (color, patterns, shape); anything growing on the trees except leaves; above ground roots. Before starting out, discuss the importance of not pulling off parts of trees—collect items that have already fallen on the ground.
Brainstorm a list of ways people use trees in their lives. Sort their ideas into categories: shelter, food, items for play, items for work, and enjoyment. Discuss occupations related to trees.
Students can make a tree mural. Divide the mural into a section for each season. They need to draw a tree, including all of its parts, as it might look in each season. They might want to add animals that live in or near trees, as well as other foliage, to the mural. Encourage creativity, such as making the trees three-dimensional.
View the "Reading Rainbow" episode of Once There Was a Tree and see the Teacher's Guide for a variety of activities related to trees.


1758 - birthdate of James Monroe, fifth president of the United States
Search school and library shelves for biographies of James Monroe in library editions of series about the presidents.
POTUS, Presidents of the United States at the Internet Public Library
Facts, both personal and political, links, and related information
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia about James Monroe - must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find Monroe
American Presidents at the Miller Center
Extensive information on all aspects of the presidents' lives, including a photo gallery, speeches, presidential recordings, and more. Excellent for research

On the “Meet-the-Presidents” timeline, have someone take the responsibility for adding James Monroe, using the fact recording sheet. Highpoints of his administration include the acquisition of Florida, the admission of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, and the Monroe Doctrine, which declared a “hands-off” policy for Latin American countries by other nations that might wish to colonize there.


1899 – birthdate of Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington, bandleader, pianist, and composer, considered one of the most influential jazz musicians
Celenza, Anna Harwell.  Duke Ellington's Nutcracker Suite.  Illus. by Don Tate.  Charlesbridge, 2011.  Gr. 3-5
(CD included)
Pinkney, Andrea.  Duke Ellington: The Piano Prince and His Orchestra.  Illus. by Brian Pinkney. Hyperion, 1999.
Gr. 2-5
Venezia, Mike.  Duke Ellington (“Getting to Know the World’s Greatest Composers”).  Children’s Press, 1995.
Gr. 3-5
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Duke Ellington published in library editions.

Official Site of Jazz Legend Duke Ellington
Biography, discography, photo gallery, and video clips of Ellington performing some of his most famous songs
Duke Ellington, from the Ken Burns PBS film Jazz
Short biography supplemented with several audio clips of Ellington’s music
Musicians and Composers: Duke Ellington, from America’s Story at America’s Library, Library of Congress
An easy-to-read biographical sketch of Ellington that includes some photos

See Activities Calendars for additional resources (books, weblinks, activities) related to jazz music and musicians for Dizzy Gillespie (October 21).
Listen to some of Duke Ellington’s music. Compare his music to that of other jazz musicians.


Astronomy Day is celebrated twice annually (also on September 30, 2017)
Aguilar, David A.  11 Planets: A New View of the Solar System.  National Geographic, 2008.  Gr. 5-8
Armstrong, Jennifer.  Wan Hu Is in the Stars.  Illus. by Barry Root.  HarperCollins, 1995.  Gr. 1-3
Asch, Frank.  The Sun Is My Favorite Star.  Harcourt, 2000.  Gr. Pre-2
Barner, Bob.  Stars! Stars! Stars!  Chronicle, 2002.  Gr. K-2
Benson, Michael.  Beyond: A Solar System Voyage.  Abrams, 2009.  Gr. 5-9
Berger, Melvin & Berger, Gilda.  Do Stars Have Points?: Questions and Answers about Stars and Planets.
Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. 3-6
Branley, Franklyn M.  The Sun: Our Nearest Star.  Illus. by Edward Miller.  HarperCollins, 2002.  Gr. 1-3
Burleigh, Robert.  Look Up!: Henrietta Leavitt, Pioneering Woman Astronomer.  Illus. by Raúl Colón.  Simon &
Schuster, 2013.  Gr. 2-4
Florian, Douglas.  Comets, Stars, the Moon, and Mars.  Harcourt, 2007.  Gr. 2-5 (poetry)
Gibbons, Gail.  Galaxies! Galaxies!  Holiday House, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Gibbons, Gail.  The Planets.  Holiday House, 2008.  Gr. 1-3 (new edition)
Goble, Paul.  Her Seven Brothers.  Bradbury, 1988.  Gr. 2-5
Hopkins, Lee Bennett (Sel.).  Sky Magic.  Illus. by Mariusz Stawarski.  Dutton, 2009.  Gr. 2-6
Jenkins, Alvin.  Next Stop Neptune: Experiencing the Solar System.  Illus. by Steve Jenkins.  Houghton Mifflin, 2004.
Gr. 2-4
Kudlinski, Kathleen V.  Boy, Were We Wrong about the Solar System!  Illus. by John Rocco.  Dutton, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Leedy, Loreen & Schuerger, Andrew.  Messages from Mars.  Holiday House, 2006.  Gr. 3-5
Leedy, Loreen.  Postcards from Pluto: A Tour of the Solar System.  Holiday House, 2006.  Gr. 3-5 (revised edition)
McNulty, Faith.  If You Decide to Go to the Moon.  Scholastic, 2005.  Gr. 1-4
Mitton, Jacqueline.  Zoo in the Sky: A Book of Animal Constellations.  Illus. by Christina Balit.  National Geographic,
1998.  Gr. 1-4
Mitton, Jacqueline.  Once Upon a Starry Night: A Book of Constellations.  National Geographic, 2003.  Gr. 1-4
Mitton, Jacqueline.  The Zodiac: Celestial Circle of the Sun.  Illus. by Christina Balit.  Frances Lincoln, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Oughton, Jerrie.  How the Stars Fell into the Sky: A Navajo Legend.  Illus. by Lisa Desimini.  Houghton Mifflin, 1992.
Gr. K-3
Monroe, Jean Guard & Williamson, Ray A.  They Dance in the Sky: Native American Star Myths.  Illus. by Edgar
Stewart.  Houghton Mifflin, 1987.  Gr. 4-8
Peddicord, Jane Ann.  Night Wonders.  Charlesbridge, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Ray, Mary Lyn.  Stars.  Illus. by Marla Frazee.  Beach Lane, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Sasaki, Chris.  Constellations: The Stars and Stories.  Illus. by Joe Boddy.  Sterling, 2002.  Gr. 6-9
Scott, Elaine.  When Is a Planet Not a Planet?: The Story of Pluto.  Clarion, 2007.  Gr. 3-6
Simon, Seymour.  Our Solar System.  Collins, 2007.  Gr. 3-6 (revised edition)
Sklansky, Amy E.  Out of This World: Poems and Facts about Space.  Illus. by Stacey Schuett.  Knopf, 2012.  Gr. 3-6
Taylor, Harriet Peck.  Coyote Places the Stars.  Simon & Schuster, 1993.  Gr. 1-4
Wallace, Nancy Elizabeth.  Stars! Stars! Stars!  Marshall Cavendish, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Search school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about astronomy and space published in library editions.

Facts about many aspects of space objects and exploration, games and activities, and much more (advertisements)
Nine Planets for Kids
Modified from the "Nine Planets" website to be more child friendly, this site contains facts about the planets and other space objects; some photos and video included; Pluto is a dwarf planet (advertisements)
Ask an Astronomer for KIDS
Fairly lengthy collection of questions with easy-to-understand answers organized into categories according to space topic
The Space Place, at NASA
Games, activities, and information in these categories: "Space," "Sun," "Earth," "Solar System," and "People & Technology;" section for educators and parents included
Astronomy, at Kid Info
Excellent resource for students doing research that contains links to information on just about any topic associated with astronomy

See Activities Calendars for additional books, weblinks, and activities for related topics: the moon (September 16), comets/Maria Mitchell (October 1), and astronaut Mae Jemison (October 17).
Discuss the fascination that people have always had with space. Ask students if they could go anywhere in space, where they would go and why.
Students can make a matrix of planet facts on a large chart. List the planets along the side of the chart (they might want to add the dwarf planets, including Pluto). Across the top of the chart, list categories such as: distance from the sun, number of moons, hot/cold temperatures, length of orbit, physical description, and other "interesting facts." Leave one column for a photo that they can download from the internet.
After students have completed their research, take a field trip to an observatory or planetarium, if possible.
Read some of the traditional pourquoi tales (invented stories that explain natural phenomena) about constellations and other space objects. (Collections and individual tales are listed in the book list above.) Discuss why these stories might have originally been told. Compare the explanations in the stories with scientific facts gathered from research.
Brainstorm a list of questions that students would like to ask an astronomer. These should be questions that have not been answered in their research. Try one of the online sites for communicating with an astronomer, such as Ask an Astronomer from the Lick Observatory or Curious about Astronomy? Ask an Astronomer from Cornell University. Guidelines for submitting questions are posted on each site.


National Honesty Day
Celebrated annually on this date to encourage people to be honest.
Abercrombie, Barbara.  The Show-and-Tell Lion.  Illus. by Lynne Avril Cravath.  McElderry, 2006.  Gr. Pre-2
Bourgeois, Paulette.  Finders Keepers for Franklin.  Illus. by Brenda Clark.  Kids Can Press, 1998.  Gr. Pre-2
Brown, Marc.  Arthur and the True Francine.  Little, Brown, 1996.  Gr. K-3
Choldenko, Gennifer.  Notes from a Liar and Her Dog.  Putnam, 2001.  Gr. 6-8
Cosby, Bill.  My Big Lie.  Illus. by Varnette P. Honeywood.  Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. 2-4
Cox, Judy.  Butterfly Buddies.  Illus. by Blanche Sims.  Holiday House, 2001.  Gr. 2-4
DeGroat, Diane.  Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire.  SeaStar, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Demi.  The Empty Pot.  Henry Holt, 1990.  Gr. K-3
Friedman, Laurie.  Honestly, Mallory!  Illus. by Barbara Pollak.  Carolrhoda, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Havill, Juanita.  Jamaica’s Find.  Illus. by Anne Sibley O’Brien.  Houghton Mifflin, 1986.  Gr. K-2
Keller, Holly.  That’s Mine, Horace.  Greenwillow, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Kroll, Virginia.  Honest Ashley.  Illus. by Nancy Cote.  Albert Whitman, 2006.  Gr. 2-4
Maddern, Eric.  The King and the Seed.  Illus. by Paul Hess.  Frances Lincoln, 2009.  Gr.K-3
McKissack, Patricia.  The Honest-to-Goodness Truth.  Illus. by Giselle Potter.  Atheneum, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Poydar, Nancy.  Zip, Zip—Homework!  Holiday House, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Rahaman, Vashanti.  Divali Rose.  Illus. by Jamel Akib.  Boyds Mills, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Rankin, Laura.  Ruthie and the (Not So) Teeny Tiny Lie.  Bloomsbury, 2007.  Gr. K-2
Robberecht, Thierry.  Sarah’s Little Ghosts.  Illus. by Philippe Goossens.  Clarion, 2007.  Gr. K-2
Sidman, Joyce.  This Is Just to Say: Poems of Apology and Forgiveness.  Illus. by Pamela Zagarenski.
Houghton Mifflin, 2007.  Gr. 4-8
Sierra, Judy.  Tell the Truth, B.B. Wolf.  Illus. by J. Otto Seibold.  Knopf, 2010.  Gr. K-3

Notes from the book Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong by James W. Loewen
Of older student interest, a summary of some of the information presented in Loewen’s book

As a class, brainstorm a definition of “honesty.” Write the definition on a chart and post it in the classroom.
On a large piece of bulletin board paper, create a semantic web with the word “honesty” in the middle. Add words, such as “truthful,” “integrity,” “trustworthy,” “fairness,” “sincerity,” and “honorable,” to the strands coming out of the center. Invite students to write life examples next to the words on the web.
Role play skits that have to do with being honest or truthful. Possible scenarios include:

•   You have been wanting a particular video game for your birthday. Your grandmother, who always chooses just the right presents, comes to your house with a wrapped package in her hands. When you open it, you find that it is a sweater. (2 students)
•   You wore your sister’s necklace to a movie and when you get home, you discover that it’s missing. (2 students)
•   You see the girl sitting next to you cheat on a test when the teacher is speaking to someone who has come to the classroom door. The teacher suspects something has happened and asks both you and the girl to stay after class. (3 students)
•   You and your friend are going to the playground for a game of basketball. Your little sister wants to go with you. If she does, you won’t be able to play with your friends. (3 students)
•   You are in a crowded gift shop. Above a counter that displays glass and china objects, there is a sign that says if you break anything, you have to buy it. Your coat sleeve accidentally brushes against a china cup, and it falls to the floor and breaks. Because the store is so crowded, no one saw it happen. (1-2 students)
•   You and your friend are walking down the street and find a $20 bill lying next to the curb. You’d like to keep it. Just then, you notice a woman walking along the sidewalk obviously searching for something. (3 students)
•   Your friend has a new haircut that you don’t think is particularly attractive. She/he asks what you think. (2 students)
•   Your elderly neighbor has a beautiful flower garden of which she is very proud. She is upset that a section of it has been ruined (flowers are pulled out, holes in the ground). Earlier, you had noticed that your dog had muddy paws. (2 students)
•   You volunteered to take the class pet hamster home for a long weekend from school. While in your care, it escapes from its cage, and you can’t find it. (small group)
•   You bought some snacks at a local store after school. When you arrived home, you noticed that the clerk gave you too much change.


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Last updated 06/21/17

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