February Activities


1902 – birthdate of Langston Hughes, best known as a poet, who also wrote short stories, plays, newspaper columns, and novels. His work was particularly influential during the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s.
Burleigh, Robert.  Langston’s Train Ride.  Illus. by Leonard Jenkins.  Orchard, 2004.  Gr. 2-6
Cooper, Floyd.  Coming Home: From the Life of Langston Hughes.  Philomel, 1994.  Gr. 1-4
Hughes, Langston.  That Is My Dream!  Illus. by Daniel Miyares.  Schwartz & Wade, 2017.  Gr. All ages
Hughes, Langston.  Sail Away.  Illus. by Ashley Bryan.  Atheneum, 2015.  Gr. All ages
Hughes, Langston.  Lullaby (for a Black Mother).  Illus. by Sean Qualls.  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,
2013.  Gr. Pre-1
Hughes, Langston.  I, Too, Am America.  Illus. by Bryan Collier.  Simon & Schuster, 2012.  Gr. 2-6
Hughes, Langston.  My People.  Illus. by Charles R. Smith, Jr.  Ginee Seo/Simon & Schuster, 2009.
Gr. K-3
Hughes, Langston.  The Negro Speaks of Rivers.  Illus. by E.B. Lewis.  Hyperion, 2009.  Gr. 2-6
Hughes, Langston.  The Dream Keeper and Other Poems.  Illus. by Brian Pinkney.  Knopf, 2007.
Gr. 4 & above
Hughes, Langston.  The Sweet and Sour Animal Book.  Illus. by children from the Harlem School of the
Arts.  Oxford University Press, 1994.  Gr. 1-5
Medina, Tony.  Love to Langston.  Illus. by R. Gregory Christie.  Lee & Low, 2002.  Gr. 3-5
Perdomo, Willie.  Visiting Langston.  Illus. by Bryan Collier.  Henry Holt, 2002.  Gr. 2-4
Roessel, David & Rampersad, Arnold  Poetry for Young People: Langston Hughes.  Illus. by Benny
Andrews.  Sterling, 2006.  Gr. 4 & above
Walker, Alice.  Langston Hughes: American Poet.  Illus. by Catherine Deeter.  Amistad, 2001. Gr. 3-5
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Langston Hughes published in library editions and for additional collections of his poetry.

Langston Hughes
Biography plus audio clips of Langston Hughes reading two of his poems: “I, Too, Sing America” and “The Negro Speaks of Rivers”
Langston Hughes, from Web English Teacher
Numerous ideas for lessons on the poetry of Langston Hughes, on the Harlem Renaissance, and on some aspects of the Civil Rights Movement

Read aloud and enjoy Langston Hughes’s poetry.
Some of his poems are good choices for choral reading; for example, “My People,” “African Dance,” “Youth,” “Poem,” “April Rain Song,” and “Dreams.” Students will likely find others.
Older students might wish to research the life of Langston Hughes, particularly his contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.


It’s Groundhog Day!
Arno, Iris Hiskey.  The Secret of the First One Up.  Illus. by Renee Graef.  NorthWord Press, 2003.
Gr. K-2
Balian, Lorna.  A Garden for a Groundhog.  Star Bright, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Biedrzycki, David.  Groundhog's Runaway Shadow.  Charlesbridge, 2016.  Gr. K-3
Blackaby, Susan.  Brownie Groundhog and the February Fox.  Illus. by Carmen Segovia.  Sterling,
2011.   Gr. K-2
Cox, Judy.  Go to Sleep, Groundhog!  Illus. by Paul Meisel.  Holiday House, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Cuyler, Margery.  Groundhog Stays Up Late.  Illus. by Jean Cassels.  Walker, 2005.  Gr. K-2
Freeman, Don.  Gregory’s Shadow.  Viking, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Gibbons, Gail.  Groundhog Day!  Holiday House, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Heling, Kathryn.  Ten Grouchy Groundhogs.  Illus. by Deborah Hembrook.  Scholastic Cartwheel,
2009.  Gr. Pre-2
Hill, Susanna Leonard.  Punxsutawney Phyllis.  Illus. by Jeffrey Ebbeler.  Holiday House, 2005.  Gr. K-3
Holub, Joan.  Groundhog Weather School.  Illus. by Kristin Sorra.  Putnam, 2009.  Gr. 2-4
Koscielniak, Bruce.  Geoffrey Groundhog Predicts the Weather.  Houghton Mifflin, 1995.  Gr. K-2
Kroll, Steven.  It’s Groundhog Day!  Illus. by Jeni Bassett.  Scholastic, 1991.  Gr. K-2
Levine, Abby.  Gretchen Groundhog, It’s Your Day!  Illus. by Nancy Cote.  Albert Whitman, 1998.  Gr. K-2
McNamara, Margaret.  Groundhog Day (Ready-to-Read, Level 1).  Illus. by Mike Gordon.  Aladdin, 2005.
Gr. K-2
Miller, Pat.  Substitute Groundhog.  Illus. by Kathi Ember.  Albert Whitman, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Old, Wendie C.  The Groundhog Day Book of Facts and Fun.  Illus. by Paige Billin-Frye.  Albert
Whitman, 2004.  Gr. 2-5
Pearlman, Robb  Groundhog's Day Off.  Illus. by Brett Helquist.  Bloomsbury, 2015.  Gr. K-3
Remenar, Kristen.  Groundhog's Dilemma.  Illus. by Matt Faulkner.  Charlesbridge, 2015.  Gr. K-2
Roberts, Bethany.  Double Trouble Groundhog Day.  Illus. by Lorinda Bryan Cauley.  Henry Holt, 2008.
Gr. K-2
Swallow, Pamela Curtis.  Groundhog Gets A Say.  Illus. by Denise Brunkus.  Putnam, 2005.  Gr. K-3
Vojta, Pat Stamper.  Mr. Groundhog Wants the Day Off/El Señor Mamota quiere el libre día.  Illus. by
Olga Levitskiy.  Raven Tree, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Wright, Maureen.  Grumpy Groundhog.  Illus. by Amanda Haley.  Two Lions, 2014.  Gr. K-2

Official website of the Punxsutawney Groundhog Club includes background information about Groundhog Day; groundhog “fun facts;” a Teacher’s Corner with games, activities for students, and lesson ideas; a countdown to Groundhog Day, and much more.
Groundhog Day Poems
Groundhog Day poems and songs sung to familiar tunes
Immediately before Groundhog Day, survey the class, “Will the groundhog see its shadow?” Record the predictions on a “Yes” or “No” chart.
Have students locate facts about groundhogs. At National Geographic, they can find information, “Fast Facts,” a photo, and an audio clip of a groundhog. An information page may be downloaded.
Groundhog Day is a great opportunity to study shadows. Check out your school and public library shelves for the following books and others on the topic:
    Asch, Frank.  Moonbear’s Shadow.  Aladdin, 2000.  Gr. Pre-2 (Bear Shadow)
    Bulla, Clyde Robert.  What Makes a Shadow?  Illus. by June Otani.  HarperCollins, 1994.  Gr. K-3
    Chorao, Kay.  Shadow Night.  Dutton, 2001.  Gr. Pre-2
    Dodd, Anne W.  Footprints and Shadows.  Illus. by Henri Sorenson. Simon & Schuster, 1992.  Gr. K-2
    Dorros, Arthur.  Me And My Shadow.  Scholastic, 1990.  Gr. K-3
    Hansen, Ron.  The Shadowmaker.  Illus. by Margot Tomes.  Harper, 1987.  Gr. 3-5
    Hoban, Tana.  Shadows and Reflections.  HarperCollins, 1990.  Gr. K-3
    Leathers, Philippa.  The Black Rabbit.  Candlewick, 2013.  Gr. K-2
    Paul, Ann Whitford.  Shadows Are About.  Illus. by Mark Graham.  Scholastic, 1992.  Gr. K-3
    Sayre, April Pulley.  Shadows.  Illus. by Harvey Stevenson.  Henry Holt, 2002.  Gr. Pre-2
    Stevenson, Robert Louis.  My Shadow.  Illus. by Glenna Lang.  Godine, 2007.  Gr. K-3
    Stevenson, Robert Louis.  My Shadow.  Illus. by Ted Rand.  Putnam, 1990.  Gr. K-3
    Swinburne, Stephen R.  Guess Whose Shadow?  Boyds Mills, 1999.  Gr. K-3
    Tompert, Ann.  Nothing Sticks Like a Shadow.  Illus. Lynn Munsinger.  Houghton Mifflin, 1984.  Gr. K-2
Do activities associated with shadows. For example, on the playground (make sure it’s a sunny day), have students pantomime a variety of movements, such as jumping, kicking, marching, dancing, etc., to see what their shadows look like as they move. Using large pieces of black paper, have students imagine different shadows for themselves (e.g., animals, other people) and draw them. Allow students to guess each other’s shadows. Working with partners, have students measure their shadows in the morning, at noon, and at the end of the school day and compare the measurements.


1894 – birthdate of American artist, Norman Rockwell
Cohan, George M.  You’re a Grand Old Flag.  Illus. by Norman Rockwell.  Atheneum, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Gherman, Beverly.  Norman Rockwell: Storyteller with a Brush.  Atheneum, 2000.  Gr. 4-8
Venezia, Mike.  Norman Rockwell (“Getting to Know the World’s Greatest Artists”).  Children’s Press,
2001.  Gr. 3-5
Check public and school library shelves for biographies of Norman Rockwell from series published in library editions.

Norman Rockwell, American Illustrator and Painter
Short biography; click on "Norman Rockwell Images" for a gallery of hundreds of his works.
Norman Rockwell Museum
A biography, timeline, and glimpse of Rockwell’s studio accompanied by previews of several of the exhibitions at the museum

Locate books containing reproductions of Norman Rockwell’s art. Possibilities include:
    Finch, Christopher.  Norman Rockwell’s America.  Abrams, 1985.
    Finch, Christopher.  Norman Rockwell 332 Magazine Covers.  Abbeville Press, 2005.
    Rockwell, Tom.  The Best of Norman Rockwell.  Running Press, 2005.
Introduce students to Rockwell’s work by projecting a few of his paintings on a large screen or SMART Board. Discuss the images: what do they notice about his style of painting people and animals? What can they learn by looking at his paintings? Why do they think he was, and still is, a popular American artist? Do they have a favorite painting (based on the projected works and/or those in books on display) and why do they like it?


1913 – birthdate of Rosa Parks
Adler, David A.  A Picture Book of Rosa Parks.  Illus. by Robert Casilla.  Holiday House, 1993.  Gr. 2-4
Edwards, Pamela Duncan.  The Bus Ride That Changed History: The Story of Rosa Parks.  Illus. by
Danny Shanahan.  Houghton Mifflin, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Giovanni, Nikki.  Rosa.  Illus. by Bryan Collier  Henry Holt, 2005.  Gr. 2-5
Kittinger, Jo S.  Rosa's Bus: The Ride to Civil Rights.  Illus. by Steven Walker.  Boyds Mills/Calkins
Creek, 2010.  Gr. 2-5
Parks, Rosa (with Jim Haskins).  I Am Rosa Parks.  Illus. by Wil Clay.  Dial, 1997.  Gr. 2-4
Parks, Rosa (with Jim Haskins).  Rosa Parks: My Story.  Dial, 1992.  Gr. 4-6
Pinkney, Andrea Davis.  Boycott Blues: How Rosa Parks Inspired a Nation.  Illus. by Brian Pinkney.
Amistad/HarperCollins, 2008.  Gr. 2-6
Ringgold, Faith.  If A Bus Could Talk: The Story of Rosa Parks.  Simon & Schuster, 1999. Gr. 1-4
Roop, Peter & Roop, Connie.  Take a Stand, Rosa Parks.  Scholastic, 2005.  Gr. 3-5
Check public and school library shelves for many biographies of Rosa Parks from series published in library editions.

Interview with Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks answers questions from students about her life and her role in the Civil Rights Movement
Rosa Parks, from the Academy of Achievement
Biography, interview, and photo gallery (all photos can be enlarged)
The Story Behind the Bus
Interesting article about the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the difficulty of enforcing Jim Crow laws on public transportation

The story of Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat on the bus is widely known. According to Parks, people mistakenly believe that she was tired or assume that she was old. She stated that she was no more tired than usual that day, and she was only 42 at the time. She was also very involved in the Civil Rights Movement. Have students go beyond the bus incident to learn more about Parks’ life.
Parks’ action on the bus inspired the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which was significant in the Civil Rights Movement. Have students research the boycott, working with the essential question, “What impact did it have?”
Claudette Colvin, at age 15, refused to give up her seat on a bus several months before Rosa Parks's incident and received public attention, yet Parks became an icon of the Civil Rights Movement as a result of her stance. Have students research Colvin's experience. Phillip Hoose's award-winning Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2009; Gr. 6 & above) is a useful resource.
Pose to students: “If you could interview Rosa Parks today, what would you ask her?” Brainstorm a list of questions and discuss what her responses might be based on what they know about her.
See Civil Rights Movement in On the Shelves for additional books related to the topic.


It’s Weatherperson’s Day, set aside to honor the men and women who work to predict the weather.
See ON THE SHELVES for a list of books about specific types of weather.
Adams, Simon.  The Best Book of Weather.  Kingfisher, 2001.  Gr. 3-5
Baird, Audrey B.  Storm Coming!: Poems.  Illus. by Patrick O’Brien.  Wordsong/Boyds Mills, 2001.
Gr. 2-4
Bauer, Marion Dane.  If Frogs Made the Weather.  Illus. by Dorothy Donohue.  Holiday House, 2005.
Gr. K-2
Berger, Melvin & Berger, Gilda.  Can It Rain Cats and Dogs?: Questions and Answers about Weather.
Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. 2-4
Blackstone, Stella.  Bear in Sunshine.  Illus. by Debbie Harter.  Barefoot, 2001.  Gr. Pre-1
Dodds, Dayle Ann.  Hello, Sun!  Illus. by Sachiko Yoshikawa.  Dial, 2005.  Gr. Pre-1
Eubank, Mark.  The Weather Detectives.  Illus. by Mark A. Hicks.  Gibbs Smith, 2004.  Gr. 3-6
Franson, Scott E.  The Un-Brella.  Roaring Brook, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Gibbons, Gail.  Weather Words and What They Mean.  Holiday House, 1990.  Gr. 1-4
Hopkins, Lee Bennett (Selected by).  Weather.  Illus. by Melanie Hall.  HarperCollins, 1995.  Gr. K-3
Howell, Will C.  I Call It Sky.  Illus. by John Ward.  Walker, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Kahl, Jonathan D.W.  National Audubon Society First Field Guide: Weather.  Scholastic, 1998.
Gr. 4 & above
Kudlinski, Kathleen V.  Boy, Were We Wrong about the Weather!  Illus. by Sebastia Serra.  Dial, 2015.
Gr. 2-4
Michaels, Pat.  W Is for Wind: A Weather Alphabet.  Illus. by Melanie Rose.  Sleeping Bear Press,
2005.  Gr. 2-5
Rabe, Tish.  Oh Say You Can Say What’s the Weather Today?: All About Weather.  Illus. by Aristides
Ruiz.  Random House, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Schmidt, Karen Lee.  Carl’s Nose.  Harcourt, 2006.  Gr. K-2
Scholastic Atlas of Weather.  Scholastic, 2004.  Gr. 3-5
Simon, Seymour.  Weather.  Collins, 2006.  Gr. 4-6
Singer, Marilyn.  On The Same Day in March: A Tour of the World’s Weather.  Illus. by Frané Lessac.
HarperCollins, 2006.  Gr. 1-3
Vogel, Carole Garbuny.  Weather Legends: Native American Lore and the Science of Weather.
Millbrook, 2001.  Gr. 5-8
Yolen, Jane (Selected by).  Weather Report: Poems.  Illus. by Annie Gusman.  Boyds Mills, 1993.
Gr. 1-5
Check school and public library shelves for the MANY nonfiction books about weather published in library editions.

Weather Wiz Kids
Facts about all types of weather (sufficient for research), lesson plans, experiments, games, weather jokes, a glossary of weather words, and much more child-friendly information
The Weather Dude
Meteorologist Nick Walker's extensive page about weather topics--lots of information here, but some commercialization as well
Dan’s Wild Wild Weather Page
For older students, detailed information on all sorts of weather, games and puzzles, Dan’s weather journal (feature articles), and more
Music & Songs: Weather
Words to songs about weather set to familiar tunes
Weather, from CanTeach
Easy-to-read poems about all kinds of weather

Brainstorm a list of questions to ask a meteorologist about her/his work. If possible, invite a meteorologist into the classroom to talk with the students. If not, arrange an internet interview so the students may ask their questions.
Students are accustomed to making predictions when they read. Compare making a “prediction” with making a “forecast” as a meteorologist does.
Tune into the weather at the beginning of each school day for a month. Give one student the responsibility each day for recording the forecast on the calendar. Before students go home for the day, discuss the accuracy of the forecast. (Recap the discussion the next morning to account for any changes they observed over night.) At the end of the month, calculate the number of times the forecast was correct and compare that total with inaccurate forecasts.
Working in small groups, have students create a weather report and present it to the class.
A long time ago, people carefully observed the natural world around them and made weather predictions based on what they saw. Even today, people repeat these sayings. Have students research weather folklore. Have they heard these sayings?


1956 birthday of David Wiesner, three-time Caldecott Medal winning author/illustrator for Tuesday in 1992, The Three Pigs in 2002, and Flotsam in 2007. Three additional titles were named Caldecott Honor Books: Free Fall in 1988, Sector 7 in 2000, and Mr. Wuffles in 2014.
Books (a selection):
By David Wiesner
Loathsome Dragon (retold with Kim Kahng).  Clarion, 1987, 2005
Free Fall.  Clarion, 1988
Hurricane.  Clarion, 1990
Tuesday.  Clarion, 1991
June 29, 1999.  Clarion, 1992
Sector 7.  Clarion, 1999
The Three Pigs.  Clarion, 2001
Flotsam.  Clarion, 2006
Art & Max.  Clarion, 2010
Mr. Wuffles.  Clarion, 2013
Fish Girl with Donna Jo Napoli.  Clarion, 2017
Illustrated by David Wiesner
Bunting, Eve.  Night of the Gargoyles.  1994
Mayer, Mariana.  The Sorcerer's Apprentice.  1989
Willard, Nancy.  Firebrat.  1988
Haseley, Dennis.  Kite Flier.  1986
Thaler, Mike.  Owly.  1982

David Wiesner, Author & Artist
A selected portfolio, a short biography, links to several articles and Wiesner's Caldecott acceptance speeches, a list of books he has illustrated, an interactive page featuring Art & Max, a look at his creative process, links to some of his writings, and a link to a discussion and activities guide featuring his award winning books plus Art & Max and Mr. Wuffles. Excellent site for becoming familiar with Wiesner's books.
David Wiesner, at TeachingBooks.net
Short video about his book creation process

Most of David Wiesner's books are wordless or very nearly. Students could write narratives for the stories, including conversation by the characters. His stories often suggest sound effects. Students might be encouraged to include onomatopoeia in their stories.
The graphic appearance of many of his books might serve as an inspiration for students to draw a series of panels that tell a story.


1911 – birthdate of Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States
Burgan, Michael.  Ronald Reagan: A Photographic Story of a Life.  DK, 2011.  Gr. 5-8
Editors of Time for Kids with Patrick, Denise Lewis.  Ronald Reagan: From Silver Screen to Oval
Office.  HarperCollins, 2005.  Gr. 3-6
Milton, Joyce.  Who Was Ronald Reagan?  Illus. by Elizabeth Wolf.  Grosset & Dunlap, 2004.  Gr. 4-6
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Ronald Reagan published in library editions. There are several included in series about the presidents.

POTUS, Presidents of the United States at the Internet Public Library
Facts, both personal and political, links, and related information
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia about Ronald Reagan - must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find Reagan
American President, an Online Reference Resource: Ronald Wilson Reagan (1911-2004)
For older students, a biography, facts lists, audio clips speeches (including the speech at the Berlin Wall), and more

On the “Meet-the-Presidents” timeline, have someone take the responsibility for adding Ronald Reagan, using the fact recording sheet.


1867 – birthdate of author Laura Ingalls Wilder
Anderson, William.  Prairie Girl: The Life of Laura Ingalls Wilder.  Illus. by Renee Graef.  HarperCollins,
2004.  Gr. 3-5
Anderson, William.  Pioneer Girl: The Story of Laura Ingalls Wilder.  Illus. by Dan Andreasen. HarperCollins, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Anderson, William (Compiled by).  Laura's Album: A Remembrance Scrapbook of Laura Ingalls
Wilder.  HarperCollins, 1998.  Gr. 3-6
Anderson, William.  Laura Ingalls Wilder: A Biography.  HarperCollins, 1992.  Gr. 4-6
Atkins, Jeannine.  Borrowed Names: Poems about Laura Ingalls Wilder, Madam C.J. Walker, Marie
Curie, and Their Daughters.  Henry Holt, 2010.  Gr. 6-10
McDonough, Yona Zeldis.  Little Author in the Big Woods.  Illus. by Jennifer Thermes.  Henry Holt, 2014.
Gr. 3-6
Wilder, Laura Ingalls. The "Little House" series. Illus. by Garth Williams. HarperCollins. Gr. 3-6.
Series includes: Little House in the Big Woods (1932), Farmer Boy (1933), Little House on the Prairie (1935), On the Banks of Plum Creek (1937), By the Shores of Silver Lake (1939), The Long Winter (1940), Little Town on the Prairie (1941), These Happy Golden Years (1943), and The First Four Years (1971, published posthumously).
Wilder, Laura Ingalls.  On the Way Home: The Diary of a Trip from South Dakota to Mansfield, Missouri,
in 1894.  HarperCollins, 1962.  Gr. 4-7
Wilder, Laura Ingalls.  West from Home: Letters of Laura Ingalls Wilder, San Francisco, 1915.
HarperCollins, 1974.  Gr. 5-8
Wilder, Laura Ingalls.  Laura Ingalls Wilder's Fairy Poems (compiled by Stephen W. Hines).  Illus. by
Richard Hull.  Doubleday, 1998.  Gr. 2-6
Picture books and short novels have been adapted from the "Little House" books, as well as collections of recipes, crafts, and music have been published.

Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House on the Prairie
Quite a bit of information, including short biographies of Wilder's family and friends, recipes, crafts and activities, songs, links to sites of museums/houses where the Wilders lived, a researcher's area of primary source documents, and an educators' area.
Little House, from HarperCollins
Somewhat commercialized site that includes a short biography, biographical sketches of women in Laura's family who preceded her (plus a family tree), recipes, study and activity guides based on the books for teachers, and more.

Any types of activities are dependent upon students' knowledge of Laura Ingalls Wilder's books. Fans of her books will be interested in one of the biographies to see which events from her actual life appear in the books. It is important for students to understand that the "Little House" books are fiction even though Wilder based them upon her own life. She published the first book in the series at age 65, so she was relying on her memories of childhood experiences.
The "Little House" books have been enjoyed by generations of readers. Have students ask parents, extended family, and friends from their respective generations about their recollections of reading the books.
Recipes, music, and crafts from the period (many taken from Wilder's books) are published. Collaborate with the music teacher to sing some of the songs and discuss musical instruments of the time. Try a recipe or a craft.
Students who have studied westward expansion have information about experiences of pioneers. Have them compare and contrast what they know with events described by Wilder in her books.


Laugh and Get Rich Day is celebrated by businesses to improve morale and reduce stress. Laughing is good for us in classrooms too, and we are all richer for it.
Today is the perfect day for displaying a collection of joke and riddle books. Check school and public library shelves for copies. Invite students to read jokes and riddles to their classmates.
Humor at AZKidsNet
Lots of riddles, elephant jokes, knock-knock jokes, silly questions, and the like
Jokes and Riddles, at Funology
LOTS of jokes and riddles in different categories, e.g. animals, holidays, outer space, and more

What are your favorite humorous books for children? Young people and adults don't always agree on what's funny when it comes to books. Have students choose the books for a display of humorous literature. Encourage older students to select picture books they remember enjoying as well as novels. The whole class might need to visit the school library media center together to make their selections.
Brainstorm with students what makes a book "funny." Ask them to justify their ideas with examples from the book display.
Some authors are known for writing humorous books (e.g., James Marshall, Jon Scieszka/Lane Smith, Mark Teague). Start an ongoing chart of names to which students can add authors/illustrators as they discover their books. Expand the list to include humorous series of books (e.g., Olivia, the "Click Clack Moo" books, Ramona, Judy Blume's "Fudge" books, and many others).
Have students write original jokes and riddles and provide opportunity for them to share their writing.
Set students on a search for synonyms for "laugh." As they find them, discuss the differences (some might be very subtle). When they find a word, have them write it on a piece of colored construction paper and post it somewhere in the classroom as a reminder of the importance of laughing.


1894 – The Hershey Company was founded by Milton S. Hershey
Adoff, Arnold.  Chocolate Dreams.  Illus. by Turi MacCombie.  Lothrop, 1989.  Gr. 3 & above
Burford, Betty.  Chocolate by Hershey: A Story about Milton S. Hershey.  Illus. by Loren Chantland.
Carolrhoda, 1994.  Gr. 4-6
Burleigh, Robert.  Chocolate: Riches from the Rain Forest.  Abrams, 2002.  Gr. 3-5
Cali, Davide.  I Love Chocolate.  Illus. by Evelyn Daviddi.  Tundra, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Catling, Patrick Skene.  The Chocolate Touch.  Illus. by Margot Apple.  HarperCollins, 2006.  Gr. 4-6
Dahl, Roald.  Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.  Illus. by Quentin Blake.  Knopf, 2001.  Gr. 3-6
(revised edition)
Daynes, Katie.  The Story of Chocolate.  Illus. by Adam Larkum.  Usborne, 2004.  Gr. 2-5
Frydenborg, Kay.  Chocolate: Sweet Science & Dark Secrets of the World's Most Favorite Treat.  HMH,
2015.  Gr. 7-10
Herman, Charlotte.  My Chocolate Year: A Novel with 12 Recipes.  Illus. by LeUyen Pham.  Simon &
Schuster, 2008.  Gr. 4-6
Kneen, Maggie.  Chocolate Moose.  Dutton, 2011.  Gr. Pre-2
Kraft, Erik.  Chocolatina.  Illus. by Denise Brunkus.  Cartwheel, 2008.  Gr. 1-3
MacLeod, Elizabeth.  Chock Full of Chocolate.  Illus. by June Bradford.  Kids Can, 2005.  Gr. 4-7
Markle, Sandra.  Smart About Chocolate: A Sweet History.  Illus. by Charise Mericle Harper.  Grosset &
Dunlap, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Newquist, H. P.  The Book of Chocolate: The Amazing Story of the World's Favorite Candy.  Viking,
2017.  Gr. 4-7
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Bar Fractions Book.  Illus. by Rob Bolster.  Cartwheel,
1999.  Gr. 2-4
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Hershey’s Kisses Addition Book.  Illus. by Rob Bolster.  Cartwheel, 2001.  Gr. 1-3
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Multiplication Book.  Illus. by Rob Bolster.  Cartwheel,
2002.  Gr. 2-4
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Hershey’s Kisses Subtraction Book.  Illus. by Rob Bolster.  Cartwheel, 2002.  Gr. 1-3
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Weights and Measures.  Illus. by Rob Bolster.  Cartwheel,
2003.  Gr. 2-4
Polin, C. J.  The Story of Chocolate (DK Readers, Level 3).  DK Children, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Smith, Robert Kimmel.  Chocolate Fever.  Putnam, 2004.  Gr. 4-6 (reissue)
Slonim, David.  Oh, Ducky!: A Chocolate Calamity.  Chronicle, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Stainton, Sue.  The Chocolate Cat.  Illus. by Anne Mortimer.  HarperCollins, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Stewart, Melissa & Young, Allen.  No Monkeys, No Chocolate.  Illus. by Nicole Wong.  Charlesbridge,
2013.  Gr. 2-4
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Milton Hershey and books about chocolate published in library editions.

Includes biography of Milton Hershey, a history of the company, a "tour" of how chocolate is made (in print and video formats), crafts, recipes, and more
The Man behind the Chocolate Bar
Substantial, easy-to-read biography of Milton Hershey illustrated with photographs
The Story of Chocolate
A great deal of information, supplemented by photos and videos, about where chocolate comes from, its ingredients and health benefits, its history, types of chocolate, and "fun facts"
The Sweet Lure of Chocolate
Detailed history of chocolate for older students
Ghirardelli Chocopedia
Includes history of chocolate, the making of chocolate “from bean to bar,” a glossary, information on varieties of chocolate, and FAQs

Have students research the process of making chocolate from cacao tree to candy bar and make a mural of each of the steps. Manufacturing Chocolate from Seed to Sweet is an interactive online step-by-step process from growing cacao beans to making a chocolate bar. The following books may also be helpful:
      From Cocoa Bean to Chocolate by Robin Nelson (Lerner, 2003)
      Cocoa Bean to Chocolate by Julie Murray (Buddy Books, 2006)
      Beans to Chocolate by Inez Snyder (Children’s Press, 2003)
Have students estimate the number of Hershey chocolate kisses in a bag.
Have students create acrostic poems about chocolate and/or Hershey candies. They may use the “kiss”-shaped paper.
After researching cacao beans, locate on a map of the world where cacao is grown.
Launch a personal reading program today, called “Read S’more!” Designate a length of time for students to read books for enjoyment (i.e., one week, one month, etc.) and have them keep a record of their reading. Students can set personal goals or a class goal. At the end of the time, tally the number of books read and celebrate by making s’mores.
Have students graph their favorite chocolate candy.
Invite families to share a favorite chocolate recipe. Have students illustrate the recipes. Bind them into a book to send home.


It’s Umbrella Day!
Bond, Ruskin.  Binya’s Blue Umbrella.  Illus. by Vera Rosenberry.  Boyds Mills, 1995.  Gr. 3-5
Bridges, Shirin Yim.  The Umbrella Queen.  Illus. by Taeeun Yoo.  HarperCollins, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Cooney, Nancy Evans.  The Umbrella Day.  Illus. by Melissa Bay Mathis.  Philomel, 1989.  Gr. K-2
Franson, Scott E.  Un-Brella.  Roaring Brook, 2007.  Gr. K-3
Kantorovitz, Sylvie.  Zig and the Magic Umbrella.  Dial, 2015.  Gr. K-2
Kramer, Jackie Azúa.  The Green Umbrella.  Illus. by Maral Sassouni.  NorthSouth, 2017.  Gr. K-3
Lunn, Janet.  The Umbrella Party.  Illus. by Kady MacDonald Denton.  Groundwood, 1998.  Gr. K-2
Marsden, Carolyn.  Silk Umbrellas.  Candlewick, 2002.  Gr. 4-6
Meyers, Odette.  The Enchanted Umbrella.  Illus. by Margot Zemach.  Harcourt, 1988.  Gr. K-3
Sáenz, Benjamin Alire.  Grandma Fina and Her Wonderful Umbrellas / La abuelita Fina y sus
sombrillas maravillosas.  Illus. by Geronimo Garcia.  Cinco Puntos, 1999.  Gr. K-2
Sheen, Dong Il.  The Yellow Umbrella.  Illus. by Jae-Soo Liu. Kane/Miller, 2002. Gr. 1-4
Weeks, Sarah.  Ella, Of Course!  Illus. by Doug Cushman.  Harcourt, 2007.  Gr. Pre-1

Inventors: Umbrella
A brief history of the umbrella from ancient times to its current design
History of Umbrellas
Longer, more detailed history (advertisements plus readers’ comments on the page)

Provide students with an umbrella shape on 9 X 12-inch construction paper. Work with the art teacher to demonstrate the use of different media and techniques for decorating the umbrellas. For example, crayon resist (draw a design in crayon and use a watercolor wash on top of it); scratchboard (color a picture in vivid colors, place a layer of black crayon on top, and scratch a design through the black using a sharp point to reveal color); collage using pictures from magazines; watercolors; pastels; torn bits of colored tissue paper; fabrics; and other ideas. Add handles and display.
Write haiku or concrete poems about umbrellas and display them with the artistic creations from above.
Photocopy the umbrella shape on different colors of construction paper. Give each student one to cut out and glue on a piece of writing paper. Have them write an adventure story in which their umbrella takes them somewhere. They should use the color of their umbrella in the title of their story (e.g., “My Red Umbrella Adventure” or “My Blue Umbrella in the Sea.”)
Introduce “parasol” and “bumbershoot.” Discuss how these items might differ in appearance from umbrellas we typically carry and who might use them.


1847 – birthdate of inventor Thomas Alva Edison
Adler, David A.  A Picture Book of Thomas Alva Edison.  Illus. by John & Alexandra Wallner.  Holiday
House, 1996.  Gr. 2-4
Barretta, Gene.  Timeless Thomas: How Thomas Edison Changed Our Lives.  Henry Holt, 2012.  Gr. 3-6
Brown, Don.  Wizard from the Start: The Incredible Boyhood and Amazing Inventions of Thomas
Edison.  Houghton Mifflin, 2010.  Gr. 2-4
Delano, Marfe Ferguson.  Inventing the Future: A Photobiography of Thomas Alva Edison.  National
Geographic, 2002.  Gr. 5-8
Dooling, Michael.  Young Thomas Edison.  Holiday House, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Frith, Margaret.  Who Was Thomas Alva Edison?  Illus. by John O’Brien.  Grosset & Dunlap, 2006.
Gr. 4-6
Goldsmith, Howard.  Thomas Edison to the Rescue!  (Ready-to-Read, Level 2). Illus. by Anna DiVito.
Aladdin, 2003.  Gr. 2-4
Gutman, Dan.  The Edison Mystery (Qwery Stevens, Back in Time).  Simon & Schuster, 2001.  Gr. 4-7
Jenner, Caryn.  Thomas Edison: The Great Inventor (DK Readers, Level 4).  DK Children, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Kimpton, Diana.  Edison’s Fantastic Phonograph.  Illus. by M.P. Robertson.  Frances Lincoln, 2003.
Gr. 1-3
Murphy, Frank.  Always Inventing: The True Story of Thomas Alva Edison (Hello Reader, 3).  Illus. by
Dan Brown.  Scholastic, 2002.   Gr. 2-4
Sullivan, George.  In Their Own Words: Thomas Edison.  Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. 4-6
Check school and public library shelves for the many biographies of Thomas Edison published in library editions.

Thomas Alva Edison, from the Great Idea Finder
Includes a biography, milestones in his career, at-a-glance facts, a few quotes, some trivia, and additional resources for researchers
Thomas Alva Edison, from American Memory at the Library of Congress
Fairly extensive biography, a timeline, and access to a film in which he appears (A Day with Thomas A. Edison) and a recording (“Let Us Not Forget”), in which he delivers a message to the American people.

Edison’s favorite invention was supposedly the phonograph. Using a SMART board or other projecting device, show students Edison Cylinder Recordings. This site, illustrated with photos, contains a bit of historical background about the invention of the phonograph and the Edison talking doll. Students can listen to a number of recordings from cylinders. A lesson on listening to the cylinder recordings is also part of this page, and you can link to “Edison Sound Recordings” in American Memory at the Library of Congress and the sound archive at the Edison National Historic Site (includes what is believed to be the earliest existing recording of Thomas Edison's voice).
Divide the class into two groups: audio and visual. Have the audio group begin with Edison’s phonograph and trace the evolution of recorded music to present day. First, brainstorm what they know (or have heard of), such as record players, stereos, cassettes, etc. Fill in the technology through research and make an illustrated timeline of recorded music. Exact dates of inventions are not needed; focusing on time periods will be more meaningful. Have them use the internet to locate pictures for their timeline. The video group can start with Edison’s kinetoscope and follow the same process.
Have students consider how much of what we use today can be traced back to Edison’s inventions by surveying the technology in their homes. Give them the technology survey sheet for homework. Review their findings in the classroom: circle items that can be directly or indirectly related to an Edison invention and discuss the relationships.
It’s difficult to envision life in Edison’s time.
View a list of predictions taken from an issue of Ladies Home Journal in 1900 about what life would be like in the next century (1900-2000). Discuss which predictions have come true. Invite students to make predictions about technological advances they might see in their lifetimes.


1809 –birthdate of Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States
See On the Shelves for an annotated bibliography of books about Abraham Lincoln. Be sure to check school and public library shelves for MANY biographies of Lincoln published in library editions.
Abraham Lincoln, at The White House
Basic biographical information, much of it relating to his presidency
POTUS, Presidents of the United States at the Internet Public Library
Facts, both personal and political, links, and related information
American Presidents at the Miller Center
Extensive information on all aspects of the presidents' lives, including a photo gallery, speeches, presidential recordings (if available), and more. Excellent for research
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia about Abraham Lincoln—must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Research Site
Very comprehensive information about all periods of Lincoln’s life with numerous photos and other primary source materials

Brainstorm with students everything they think they know about Abraham Lincoln and write their ideas on one side of a “T” chart. Read books about Lincoln aloud and modify or add to the other side of the chart as they learn new information. Invite students to read books independently and bring items to the class for discussion so that they can continue to modify and clarify their understandings.
After reading/listening to two or three books, brainstorm lists of character traits that describe Lincoln as a boy/young man and as president.
Make a chart comparing/contrasting life in Lincoln’s time (early to mid-1800s) to today in various categories, such as: modes of transportation, entertainment, education, people’s rights, occupations, clothing, or others.
Have older students research famous quotes by Abraham Lincoln and discuss his meanings or intentions.
Refer to November 19 in the Activities Calendar for resources related to Lincoln’s delivering the Gettysburg Address.
On the “Meet-the-Presidents” timeline, have someone take the responsibility for adding Abraham Lincoln, using the fact recording sheet.


1809 – birthdate of naturalist Charles Darwin, who is noted for his theories of evolution based on what he termed “natural selection” and author of On the Origin of Species in 1859
Ashby, Ruth.  Young Charles Darwin and the Voyage of the Beagle.  Illus. by Suzanne Duranceau.
Peachtree, 2009. Gr. 4-7
Balliett, Blue.  The Danger Box.  Scholastic, 2010.  Gr. 5-8
Eldredge, Niles & Pearson, Susan.  Charles Darwin and the Mystery of Mysteries.  Roaring Brook,
2010.  Gr. 5-9
Heiligman, Deborah.  Charles and Emma: The Darwins’ Leap of Faith.  Henry Holt, 2008. Gr. 7-12
Hopkinson, Deborah.  The Humblebee Hunter: Inspired by the Life & Experiments of Charles Darwin.
and His Children  Illus. by Jen Corace.  Hyperion, 2010.  Gr. 1-3
Krull, Kathleen.  Charles Darwin.  Illus. by Boris Kulikov.  Viking, 2010.  Gr. 5-8
Lasky, Kathryn.  One Beetle Too Many: The Extraordinary Adventures of Charles Darwin.  Illus. by
Matthew Trueman. Candlewick, 2009. Gr. 3-6
Macdonald, Fiona.  Inside the Beagle with Charles Darwin.  Illus. by Mark Bergin. Enchanted Lion
Books, 2005. Gr. 4-6
Manning, Mick.  What Mr Darwin Saw.  Illus. by Brita Granstrom. Frances Lincoln, 2009. Gr. 4-6
Markle, Sandra.  Animals Charles Darwin Saw.  Illus. by Zina Saunders. Chronicle, 2009. Gr. 3-5
McGinty, Alice.  Darwin.  Illus. by Mary Azarian. Houghton Mifflin, 2009. Gr. 3-5
Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw.  Charles Darwin: The Life of a Revolutionary Thinker.  Holiday House, 2001.
Gr. 7 & above
Schanzer, Rosalyn.  What Darwin Saw: The Journey That Changed the World.  National Geographic,
2009.  Gr. 4-8
Sís, Peter.  The Tree of Life: Charles Darwin.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003.  Gr. 4-8
Thermes, Jennifer.  Charles Darwin's Around the World Adventure.  Abrams, 2016.  Gr. 1-4
Weaver, Anne H.  The Voyage of the Beetle.  Illus. by George Lawrence.  University of New Mexico
Press, 2007.  Gr. 4-8
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Charles Darwin published in library editions.

AboutDarwin.com: Dedicated to the Life & Times of Charles Darwin
Comprehensive site that includes a timeline, photographs, description of the Beagle voyage (with quotes from primary source documents), and much more
Darwin, at the American Museum of Natural History
Informative exhibit with highly readable text, including primary source materials and a link to an Educator’s Guide at different grade levels
Animals, Adaptation, and the Galápagos Islands: Discover with Darwin
Interactive lesson from Scholastic that briefly discusses Darwin and invites students to use scientific methodology to explore species from the Galápagos Islands (activities are available at different levels), includes downloadable field journal

Read a biography or two about Charles Darwin and discuss the kind of person he was. What attributes did he possess that made him a scientist?
Many of the books listed above about Darwin stress his interest in collecting natural specimens from the time he was a boy through his adult life. Take the class on a nature walk to look for living things. Prior to the walk, brainstorm possible answers to this question: What is a living thing and where might we find some? Discuss ways in which students can record what they find. Take pencils and small notebooks or paper on clipboards on the walk. Encourage students to use as many of their senses as possible (within the limits of personal safety). Back in the classroom, talk about what students found. Tie their experiences from the walk to a discussion of what the different specimens they found need to survive.


Random Acts of Kindness Week, February 9-15
Books (a selection):
Titles related to kindness:
Cooper, Ilene.  The Golden Rule.  Illus. by Gabi Swiatkowska.  Abrams, 2007.  Gr. 1-5
Cuyler, Margery.  Kindness is Cooler, Mrs. Ruler.  Illus. by Sachiko Yoshikawa.  Simon & Schuster,
2007.  Gr. K-3
Frank, John.  Lend a Hand: Poems about Giving.  Illus. by London Ladd.  Lee & Low, 2014.
Gr. 1-5  (poetry)
Gray, Libba Moore.  Miss Tizzy.  Illus. by Jada Rowland.  Simon & Schuster, 1993.  Gr. K-3
Hennessy, B. G.  Because of You: A Book of Kindness.  Illus. by Hiroe Nakata.  Candlewick, 2011.
Gr. Pre-2
Lord, Janet.  Albert the Fix-It Man.  Illus. by Julie Paschkis.  Peachtree, 2008.  Gr. K-2
McKinley, Cindy.  One Smile.  Illus. by Mary Gregg Byrne.  Illumination Arts, 2002.  Gr. K-2
LaMarche, Jim (Retold & illus.).  The Elves and the Shoemaker.  Chronicle, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Muth, Jon J.  The Three Questions.  Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. 2-5
Napoli, Donna Jo.  Albert.  Illus. by Jim LaMarche.  Harcourt, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Palacio, R. J.  Wonder.  Knopf, 2012.  Gr. 4-7
Pearson, Emily.  Ordinary Mary's Extraordinary Deed.  Illus. by Fumi Kosaka.  Gibbs Smith, 2002.
Gr. K-3
Wallace, Nancy Elizabeth.  The Kindness Quilt.  Marshall Cavendish, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Woodson, Jacqueline.  Each Kindness.  Illus. by E.B. Lewis.  Nancy Paulsen/Penguin, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Alexander, Claire.  Lucy and the Bully.  Albert Whitman, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Aruego, Jose & Dewey, Ariane.  The Last Laugh.  Penguin, 2006.  Gr. Pre-2
Bateman, Teresa.  The Bully Blockers Club.  Illus. by Jackie Urbanovic.  Albert Whitman, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Britt, Fanny. (Trans. from French by Christelle Morelli & Susan Ouriou).  Jane, the Fox & Me.  Illus. by
Isabelle Arsenault.  Groundwood.  Gr. 6-9
Brown, Marc.  Arthur's April Fool.  Little, Brown, 1983.  Gr. K-3
Burnett, Karen Gedig.  Simon's Hook: A Book about Teases and Put-Downs.  Illus. by Laurie Barrows.
GR Publishing, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
Caple, Kathy.  The Wimp.  Houghton Mifflin, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Carlson, Nancy.  Henry and the Bully.  Viking, 2010.  Gr. Pre-1
Carlson, Nancy.  Loudmouth George and the Sixth Grade Bully.  Carolrhoda, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Caseley, Judith.  Bully.  Greenwillow, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Christelow, Eileen.  Jerome Camps Out.  Clarion, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Clements, Andrew.  Jake Drake, Bully Buster.  Simon & Schuster, 2001.  Gr. 2-4
Cuyler, Margery.  Bullies Never Win.  Illus. by Arthur Howard.  Simon & Schuster, 2009.  Gr. K-2
dePaola, Tomie.  Trouble in the Barkers' Class.  Putnam, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Dewdney, Anna.  Llama Llama and the Bully Goat.  Viking, 2013.  Gr. Pre-1
Faulkner, Matt.  Black Belt.  Knopf, 2000.  Gr. 2-4
Goldblatt, Mark.  Twerp.  Random House, 2013.  Gr. 5-8
Hayes, Geoffrey.  Patrick and the Big Bully.  Hyperion, 2001.  Gr. K-2
Howe, James.  Pinky and Rex and the Bully.  Illus. by Melissa Sweet.  Simon & Schuster, 1996.  Gr. 1-4
Kimmelman, Leslie.  The Three Bully Goats.  Illus. by Will Terry.  Albert Whitman, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Levy, Janice.  Alley Oops.  Illus. by C.B. Decker.  Flashlight Press, 2005.  Gr. 1-4
Lovell, Patty.  Stand Tall, Molly Lou Melon.  Illus. by David Catrow.  Putnam, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Lears, Laurie.  Stay Away from Rat Boy!  Illus. by Red Hansen.  Albert Whitman, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Lester, Helen.  Hooway for Wodney Wat.  Illus. by Lynn Munsinger.  Houghton Mifflin, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Ludwig, Trudy.  My Secret Bully.  Tricycle, 2005.  Gr. 1-4
Ludwig, Trudy.  Just Kidding.  Illus. by Adam Gustavson.  Tricycle Press, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
Ludwig, Trudy.  Confessions of a Former Bully.  Illus. by Beth Adams.  Tricycle, 2010.  Gr. 3-5
McCain, Becky.  Nobody Knew What To Do.  Illus. by Todd Leonardo.  Albert Whitman, 2001.  Gr. K-3
Morimoto, Junko.  The Two Bullies.  Knopf, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Moss, Marissa.  Amelia Takes Command.  Pleasant Company, 1999.  Gr. 3-5
Moss, Peggy.  Say Something.  Illus. by Lea Lyon.  Tilbury, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Naylor, Phyllis Reynolds.  The King of the Playground.  Illus. by Nola L. Malone.  Atheneum, 1991.
Gr. K-2
Naylor, Phyllis Reynolds.  Roxie and the Hooligans.  Simon & Schuster, 2006.  Gr. 3-5
Nickle, John.  The Ant Bully.  Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. K-3
O'Neill, Alexis.  The Recess Queen.  Illus. by Laura Huliska-Beith.  Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. K-3
Otoshi, Kathryn.  One.  KO Kids, 2008.  Gr. Pre-2
Polacco, Patricia.  Mr. Lincoln's Way.  Philomel, 2001.  Gr. 1-4
Polacco, Patricia.  Bully.  Putnam, 2012.  Gr. 3-6
Robbins, Jacqui.  Two of a Kind.  Illus. by Matt Phelan.  Atheneum, 2009.  Gr. K-2
Roche, Denis.  Mim, Gym, and June.  Houghton Mifflin, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Sauer, Tammi.  Ginny Louise and the School Showdown.  Illus. by Lynn Munsinger.  Disney Hyperion,
2015.  Gr. K-2
Seeger, Laura Vaccaro.  Bully.  Roaring Brook, 2013.  Gr. Pre-3
Seskin, Steve & Allen Shamblin.  Don't Laugh at Me.  Illus. by Glin Dibley.  Tricycle Press, 2002.  Gr. 3-5
Shapiro, Ouisie.  Bullying and Me: Schoolyard Stories.  Photographs by Steven Vote.  Albert Whitman,
2010.  Gr. 4-7
Spinelli, Jerry.  Crash.  Knopf, 1996.  Gr. 5-8
Van Draanen, Wendelin.  Shredderman, Secret Identity.  Knopf, 2004.  Gr. 3-5
Warner, Sally.  Super Emma.  Illus. by Jamie Harper.  Penguin, 2006.  Gr. 3-5
Wishinski, Frieda.  You're Mean, Lily Jean!  Illus. by Kady MacDonald Denton.  Albert Whitman, 2011.
Gr. K-3
Wojciechowski, Susan.  Beany and the Meany.  Illus. by Susanna Natti.  Candlewick, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Yep, Laurence.  Cockroach Cooties.  Hyperion, 2001.  Gr. 3-5

Random Acts of Kindness Foundation
Includes a free Teachers' Guide containing lesson plans and activities
Bullying, from Education World
Lesson plans and strategies for discussing bullying with students
Teaching Guide: Bullying & Teasing, Grades K-5
Valuable lists, discussion questions, and activities for home and school that address dealing with bullying
Beat the Bully, at "It's My Life" on PBS
Online interactive game that asks questions about bullying and provides feedback
Story Strips, at "It's My Life" on PBS
Presents scenarios for different bullying situations, and students create word bubbles for the story frames by choosing from a set of responses

Discuss with students a time when they have been the beneficiary of a random act of kindness and how it made them feel.
Highlight kindness at school by allowing a few minutes at the end of the school day for students to tell about an act of kindness they witnessed that day.
Make posters about practicing random acts of kindness and place them all over the school.
This week provides an opportunity to address bullying. Engage students in discussions about defining bullying and appropriate ways to handle bullying situations. Books make good discussion starters.


Happy Valentine’s Day!
Books (a selection):
Add these titles to your own favorites.
Adler, David A.  Cam Jansen and the Valentine Baby Mystery.  Illus. by Susanna Natti.  Viking,
2005.  Gr. 2-4
Bauer, Caroline Feller (Ed.).  Valentine’s Day: Stories and Poems.  Illus. by Blanche Sims.
HarperCollins, 1993.  Gr. 2-4
Berger, Samantha.  A Crankenstein Valentine.  Illus. by Dan Santat.  Little Brown, 2014.  Gr. K-2
Bond, Felicia.  The Day It Rained Hearts.  HarperCollins, 2001.  Gr. K-2
Brown, Marc.  Arthur’s Valentine.  Little, Brown, 1980.  Gr. K-3
Bulla, Clyde Robert.  The Story of Valentine’s Day.  Illus. by Susan Estelle Kwas.  HarperCollins,
1999.  Gr. 2-5
Bunting, Eve.  The Valentine Bears.  Illus. by Jan Brett.  Ticknor & Fields, 1983  Gr. K-2
Cazet, Denys.  Minnie and Moo: Will You Be My Valentine?  HarperCollins, 2003.  Gr. 1-3
Cohen, Miriam.  “Bee My Valentine!”  Illus. by Lillian Hoban.  Greenwillow, 1978.  Gr. K-2
deGroat, Diane.  Roses Are Pink, Your Feet Really Stink.  HarperCollins, 1996.  Gr. K-3
Ferber, Brenda.  The Yuckiest, Stinkiest, Best Valentine Ever.  Illus. by Tedd Arnold.  Dial, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Friedman, Laurie.  Love, Ruby Valentine.  Illus. by Lynne Avril Cravath.  Carolrhoda, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
Gantos, Jack.  Rotten Ralph’s Rotten Romance.  Illus. by Nicole Rubel.  Houghton Mifflin, 1997.  Gr. K-3
Gibbons, Gail.  Valentine’s Day Is….  Holiday House, 2005.  Gr. K-3
Grambling, Lois.  Happy Valentine’s Day, Miss Hildy (Step into Reading, Book 2.  Illus. by Bridget Star
Taylor.  Random House, 1998.  Gr. 1-3
Gregory, Valiska.  A Valentine for Norman Noggs.  Illus. by Marsha Winborn.  HarperCollins, 1999.
Gr. K-2
Hale, Bruce.  The Malted Falcon: From the Tattered Casebook of Chet Gecko, Private Eye.  Harcourt,
2003.  Gr. 3-5
Hoban, Lillian.  Arthur’s Great Big Valentine.  Harper, 1989.  Gr. K-3
Hoban, Lillian.  Silly Tilly’s Valentine.  HarperCollins, 1998.  Gr. K-2
Hopkins, Lee Bennett (Selected by).  Valentine Hearts.  Illus. by JoAnn Adinolfi.  HarperCollins, 2005.
Gr. K-3
Kroll, Steven.  The Biggest Valentine Ever.  Illus. by Jeni Bassett.  Scholastic Cartwheel, 2006.  Gr. K-2
Kroll, Steven.  Will You Be My Valentine?  Illus. by Lillian Hoban.  Holiday House, 1993.  Gr. K-2
Livingston, Myra Cohn.  Valentine Poems.  Illus. by Patience Brewster.  Holiday House, 1987.  Gr. 1-4
London, Jonathan.  Froggy’s First Kiss.  Illus. by Frank Remkiewicz.  Viking, 1998.  Gr. K-2
Marzollo, Jean.  Valentine Cats.  Scholastic, 1996.  Gr. Pre-2
Modell, Frank.  One Zillion Valentines.  Greenwillow, 1981.  Gr. K-2
Otto, Carolyn.  Celebrate Valentine’s Day.  National Geographic, 2008.  Gr. 2-5
Parish, Herman.  Amelia Bedelia’s First Valentine.  Illus. by Lynne Avril.  Greenwillow, 2009.  Gr. K-2
Petersen, David.  Snowy Valentine.  HarperCollins, 2011.  Gr. Pre-2
Poydar, Nancy.  Rhyme Time Valentine.  Holiday House, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Prelutsky, Jack.  It’s Valentine’s Day!  Illus. by Marylin Hafner.  Greenwillow, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Roberts, Bethany.  Valentine Mice.  Illus. by Doug Cushman.  Clarion, 1997.  Gr. Pre-2
Rockwell, Anne F.  Valentine’s Day.  Illus. by Lizzy Rockwell.  HarperCollins, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Roop, Peter & Roop, Connie.  Let’s Celebrate Valentine’s Day.  Illus. by Katy Keck Arnsteen.  Millbrook,
1999.  Gr. 1-3
Rylant, Cynthia.  If You’ll Be My Valentine.  Illus. by Fumi Kosaka.  HarperCollins, 2005.  Gr. K-3
Sabuda, Robert.  Saint Valentine.  Atheneum, 1992.  Gr. 2-4
Samuels, Barbara.  Happy Valentine’s Day, Dolores.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2005.  Gr. K-3
Shannon, George.  Heart to Heart.  Illus. by Steve Bjorkman.  Houghton Mifflin, 1995.  Gr. K-2
Sharmat, Marjorie Weinman.  Nate the Great and the Mushy Valentine.  Illus. by Marc Simont.
Dell/Delacorte, 1994.  Gr. 1-3
Simon, Coco.  Alexis's Cupcake Cupid.  Simon Spotlight, 2015.  Gr. 3-5
Smith, Janice Lee.  Nelson in Love: An Adam Joshua Valentine’s Day Story.  Illus. by Dick Gackenbach.
HarperCollins, 1992.  Gr. 2-4
Stevenson, James.  A Village Full of Valentines.  Greenwillow, 1995.  Gr. K-3
Thompson, Lauren.  Mouse’s First Valentine.  Illus. by Buket Erdogan.  Simon & Schuster, 2002.
Gr. Pre-2
Tompert, Ann.  Saint Valentine.  Illus. by Kestutis Kasparavicius.  Boyds Mills, 2004.  Gr. 2-5
Umnik, Sharon Dunn (Ed.).  175 Easy-to-Do Valentine Crafts.  Boyds Mills, 2001.  Gr. 2-5
Underwood, Deborah.  Here Comes the Valentine Cat.  Illus. by Claudia Rueda.  Dial, 2015.  Gr. K-2
Wallace, Nancy Elizabeth.  The Valentine Express.  Marshall Cavendish, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Watson, Wendy.  A Valentine for You.  Clarion, 1991.  Gr. K-3
Wells, Rosemary.  Be My Valentine.  Illus. by John Nez.  Hyperion, 2001.  Gr. K-2
Yee, Wong Herbert.  Mouse and Mole, Secret Valentine.  Houghton Mifflin, 2013.  Gr. K-2

Valentine’s Day from Child Fun
Links to more than 40 pages of crafts, activities, and games for Valentine’s Day; also a link to pages of songs, poems, and fingerplays (lots of advertisements!)
Valentine Stationery
Many choices of stationery with a Valentine theme
Valentine’s Day Facts
Lots of trivia associated with the history of Valentine's Day; also links to games, activities, crafts, and much more (some advertisements)

If your school celebrates Valentine’s Day, check out the first link above for the many ideas of crafts and activities your students can make and do.
Today is a good day (with or without valentines) to write notes of appreciation to various school workers, e.g., custodians, secretaries, crossing guards, cooks, paraprofessionals, etc. Have students illustrate their notes or use some of the stationery from the weblink above.
Learn to say “I love you” in different languages, including American Sign Language (This can be finger-spelled or students can use the hand symbol that combines the signs for “I,” “L,” and “Y.”). A number of internet sites have lists of how to say “I love you” in languages; however, they do not provide pronunciation keys
Older students might enjoy creating jokes and riddles appropriate for Valentine’s Day. Brainstorm a list of themes they might incorporate into the jokes. They can use their jokes/riddles on valentine cards or compile them into a book for the classroom or school library. Here are some examples to get them started (repeated on several internet sites):

What do you call a very small Valentine?
A Valentiny!

What did the boy squirrel say to the girl squirrel on Valentine's Day?
I'm nuts about you!

What did the boy owl say to the girl owl on Valentine's Day?
Owl be yours!

What did the stamp say to the envelope?
I'm stuck on you.

What did the boy octopus say to the girl octopus?
I wanna hold your hand, hand, hand, hand, hand, hand, hand, hand?

What do farmers give their wives on Valentine's Day?
Hogs and kisses!

Do skunks celebrate Valentine's Day?
Sure, they're very scent-imental!

Knock knock!
Who's there?
Frank who?
Frank you for being my friend!

Knock knock!
Who’s there?
Olive who?
Olive you!

Knock knock!
Who’s there?
Sherwood who?
Sherwood like to be your Valentine.


Clifford the Big Red Dog Day, in honor of the birthday of Norman Bridwell in 1928
Gather a collection of Clifford books to display. Invite students to bring their Clifford books from home. Add Clifford stuffed animals and student-drawn pictures of Clifford to the display.
Clifford the Big Red Dog, at Scholastic
Games and activities, printables, video clips, lesson plans, and much more
Clifford, at PBS Kids
Interactive games for children plus an extensive collection of lesson plans based on the PBS series (see “Parents and Teachers: Activities”)
Norman Bridwell, at KidsReads.com
Easy-to-read biography of the author
Video interview with Norman Bridwell, from Reading Rockets
Bridwell discusses the evolution of the Clifford books (print transcript also available)

Read books about Clifford. Discuss with students how books can be “old friends” that we enjoy visiting over and over again.
Make stick puppets of Clifford and other characters from the books and use to them to retell scenes from favorite stories.
Choose another event from the February calendar as the topic and write a class story with Clifford as the main character. For example, “Clifford Meets the Groundhog,” “Clifford’s Friday the 13th,” “Clifford Goes to the Dentist,” “Clifford Makes Pancakes,” “Clifford Gets a Pet,” and many other possibilities. Have students brainstorm ideas for the story and write them on a chart. Decide on a sequence; eliminate some ideas and add others. Type the story so that each student has a sentence to illustrate (someone can make the cover, title page, end page, etc.). Bind the pages into a book for the classroom or school library. Invite students to write their own February Clifford stories, as well.
Have a Clifford party in which you serve only foods that are red, e.g., apples, red licorice, red jelly beans, red juice or Kool-Aid, and the like. Have students draw pictures of Clifford to use as placemats.


February is Black History Month
Set aside for remembering important people and events in African American history, the observance was originated in 1926 by historian Carter G. Woodson as "Negro History Week."
Books (a selection)
Slavery and the Underground Railroad
Adler, David A.  Enemies of Slavery.  Illus. by Donald A. Smith.  Holiday House, 2004.  Gr. 3-5
Anderson Laurie Halse.  Chains.  Simon & Schuster, 2008.   Gr. 6-9
Ayres, Katherine.  North By Night.  Delacorte, 1998.  Gr. 5-9
Bial, Raymond.  The Underground Railroad.  Houghton Mifflin, 1995.  Gr. 4-7
Bial, Raymond.  The Strength of These Arms: Life in the Slave Quarters.  Houghton Mifflin, 1997.
Gr. 5-8
Bolden, Tonya.  Emancipation Proclamation: Lincoln and the Dawn of Liberty.  Abrams, 2013.  Gr. 5-8
Brill, Marlene Targ.  Allen Jay and the Underground Railroad.  Illus. by Janice Lee Porter.  Carolrhoda,
1993.  Gr. 2-5
Bryan, Ashley.  Freedom Over Me: Eleven Slaves, Their Lives and Dreams Brought to Life by Ashley
Bryan.  Caitlyn Dlouhy/Atheneum, 2016.  Gr. 4-6
Carbone, Elisa.  Night Running: How James Escaped with the Help of His Faithful Dog.  Illus. by E.B.
Lewis.  Knopf, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Carbone, Elisa Lynn.  Stealing Freedom.  Knopf, 1998.  Gr. 6-10
Cheng, Andrea.  Etched in Clay: The Life of Dave, Enslaved Potter and Poet.  Lee & Low, 2013.  Gr. 4-6
Cole, Henry.  Unspoken: A Story from the Underground Railroad.  Scholastic, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Conkling, Winifred.  Passenger on the Pearl: The True Story of Emily Edmonson's Flight from Slavery.
Algonquin, 2015.  Gr. 7-10
Curtis, Christopher Paul.  Elijah of Buxton.  Scholastic, 2007.  Gr. 5-9
Davis, Kenneth C.  In the Shadow of Liberty: The Hidden History of Slavery, Four Presidents, and Five
Black Lives.  Henry Holt, 2016.  Gr. 6 & above
Draper, Sharon.  Copper Sun.  Atheneum, 2006.  Gr. 8-12
Edinger, Monica.  Africa Is My Home: A Child of the Amistad.  Illus. by Robert Byrd.  Candlewick, 2013.
Gr. 5-8
Edwards, Pamela Duncan.  Barefoot: Escape on the Underground Railroad.  Illus. by Henry Cole.
HarperCollins, 1997. Gr. 1-3
Evans, Shane.  Underground.  Roaring Brook, 2011.  Gr. 1-4
Feelings, Tom.  The Middle Passage: White Ships/Black Cargo.  Dial, 1995.  Gr. 7 & above
Fradin, Judith Bloom & Fradin, Dennis Brindell.  The Price of Freedom: How One Town Stood Up to
Slavery.  Illus. by Eric Velasquez.  Walker, 2013.  Gr. 2-4
Fradin, Judith Bloom & Fradin, Dennis Brindell.  Stolen into Slavery: The True Story of Solomon
Northrup, Free Black Man.  National Geographic Books for Children, 2012.  Gr. 5-8
Gayle, Sharon Shavers.  Escape!  Illus. by Eric Velasquez.  Soundprints, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
Grady, Cynthia.  I Lay My Stitches Down.  Illus. by Michele Wood.  Eerdmans, 2012.  Gr. 5 & above
Grifalconi, Ann.  Ain't Nobody a Stranger to Me.  Illus. by Jerry Pinkney.  Hyperion, 2007.  Gr. 1-3
Hahn, Mary Downing.  Promises to the Dead.  Clarion, 2000.  Gr. 4-6
Halfmann, Janet.  Seven Miles to Freedom: The Robert Smalls Story.  Illus. by Duane Smith.  Lee &
Low, 2008.  Gr. 3-6
Hamilton, Virginia.  Many Thousand Gone: African Americans from Slavery to Freedom.  Illus. by Leo &
Diane Dillon.  Knopf, 1993.  Gr. 4-9
Hamilton, Virginia.  The People Could Fly: The Picture Book.  Illus. by Leo & Diane Dillon.  Knopf,
2004.  Gr. 3-8
Haskins, Jim.  Get on Board: The Story of the Underground Railroad.  Scholastic, 1993.  Gr. 5-8
Hathorn, Libby.  Sky Sash So Blue.  Illus. by Benny Andrews.  Simon & Schuster, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Hegamin, Tonya Cherie.  Most Loved in All the World.  Illus. by Cozbi A. Cabrera.  Houghton Mifflin,
2009.  Gr. 3-6
Hill, Laban Carrick.  Dave the Potter: Artist, Poet, Slave.  Illus. by Bryan Collier.  Little, Brown, 2010.
Gr. K-3
Hooks, William H.  Freedom's Fruit.  Illus. by James E. Ransome.  Knopf, 1996.  Gr. 2-5
Hopkinson, Deborah.  Sweet Clara and the Freedom Quilt.  Illus. by James Ransome.  Knopf,
1993.  Gr. 1-3
Hopkinson, Deborah.  Under the Quilt of Night.  Illus. by James Ransome.  Atheneum, 2002.  Gr. 2-5
Hopkinson, Deborah.  Steamboat School.  Illus. by Ron Husband.  Jump at the Sun, 2016.  Gr. 1-4
Houston, Gloria.  Bright Freedom's Song.  Harcourt, 1998.  Gr. 4-6
Hurmence, Belinda (Ed.).  Slavery Time When I Was Chillun.  Putnam, 1997.  Gr. 8-12
Johnson, Angela.  All Different Now: Juneteenth, the First Day of Freedom.  Illus. by E.B. Lewis.
Simon & Schuster, 2014.  Gr. 3-5
Johnson, Dolores.  Seminole Diary: Remembrances of a Slave.  Macmillan, 1994.  Gr. 3-5
Johnson, Dolores.  Now Let Me Fly: The Story of a Slave Family.  Macmillan, 1993.  Gr. 2-4
Johnston, Tony.  The Wagon.  Illus. by James E. Ransome.  Tambourine, 1996.  Gr. 2-4
Lasky, Kathryn.  True North: A Novel of the Underground Railroad.  Blue Sky/Scholastic, 1996.  Gr. 6-9
Lester, Julius.  Day of Tears: A Novel in Dialogue.  Hyperion, 2005.  Gr. 6-9
Levine, Ellen.  Henry's Freedom Box.  Illus. by Kadir Nelson.  Scholastic, 2007.  Gr. 2-5
Lyons, Mary E.  Letters from a Slave Boy: The Story of Joseph Jacobs.  Atheneum, 2007.  Gr. 5-8
Lyons, Mary E.  Letters from a Slave Girl: The Story of Harriet Jacobs.  Scribners, 1992.  Gr. 5-8
Lester, Julius.  From Slave Ship to Freedom Road.  Illus. by Rod Brown.  Dial, 1998.  Gr. 6-9
Marrin, Albert.  A Volcano Beneath the Snow: John Brown's War Against Slavery.  Knopf, 2014.
Gr. 7 & above
McCully, Emily Arnold.  The Escape of Oney Judge.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
McGill, Alice.  Way Up and Over Everything.  Illus. by Jude Daly.  Houghton Mifflin, 2008.  Gr. 2-5
McKissack, Patricia C.  Never Forgotten.  Illus by Leo & Diane Dillon.  Schwartz & Wade, 2011.  Gr. 4-8
Morrow, Barbara Olenyik.  A Good Night for Freedom.  Illus. by Leonard Jenkins.  Holiday House,
2003.  Gr. 1-4
Nelson, Vaunda Micheaux.  Almost to Freedom.  Illus. by Colin Bootman.  Carolrhoda, 2003.  Gr. 1-4
Nolen, Jerdine.  Calico Girl.  Simon & Schuster/Paula Wiseman, 2017.  Gr. 4-6
Nolen, Jerdine.  Eliza's Freedom Road: An Underground Railroad Diary.  Illus. by Shadra Strickland.
Simon & Schuster, 2011.  Gr. 5-8
Nolen, Jerdine.  Big Jabe.  Illus. by Kadir Nelson.  Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 2000.  Gr. 2-5
Osborne, Linda Barrett.  Traveling the Freedom Road: From Slavery & the Civil War through
Reconstruction.  Abrams, 2009.  Gr. 6-10
Paulsen, Gary.  Nightjohn.  Delacorte, 1993.  Gr. 7-10. Sequel: Sarny: A Life Remembered (1997)
Pinkney, Andrea Davis.  Silent Thunder.  Hyperion, 1999.  Gr. 5-9
Polacco, Patricia.  January's Sparrow.  Philomel, 2009.  Gr. 4-6
Ransom, Candice F.  Liberty Street.  Illus. by Eric Velasquez.  Walker, 2003.  Gr. 1-4
Rappaport, Doreen.  Freedom River.  Illus. by Bryan Collier.  Hyperion, 2000.  Gr. 3-5
Rappaport, Doreen.  No More!: Stories and Songs of Slave Resistance.  Illus. by Shane W. Evans.
Candlewick, 2001.  Gr. 4-8
Rappaport, Doreen.  Free at Last!: Stories and Songs of Emanicipation.  Illus. by Shane W. Evans.
Candlewick, 2003.  Gr. 4-8
Raven, Margaret Theis.  Night Boat to Freedom.  Illus. by E.B. Lewis.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2006.
Gr. 2-5
Riggio, Anita.  Secret Signs: Along the Underground Railroad.  Boyds Mills, 1997.  Gr. 1-3
Rinaldi, Ann.  Taking Liberty: The Story of Oney Judge, George Washington's Runaway Slave.  Simon
& Schuster, 2002.  Gr. 7-10
Ringgold, Faith.  The Invisible Princess.  Crown, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Robinet, Harriette Gillem.  Forty Acres and Maybe a Mule.  Atheneum, 1998.  Gr. 4-6
Sanders, Scott Russell.  A Place Called Freedom.  Illus. by Thomas B. Allen.  Atheneum, 1997.  Gr. 1-3
Shange, Ntozake.  Freedom's a-Callin' Me.  Illus. by Rod Brown.  Amistad, 2012.  Gr. 4-8
Siegelson, Kim.  In the Time of the Drums.  Illus. by Brian Pinkney.  Hyperion, 1999.  Gr. 3-5
Smith, Charles R.  Brick by Brick.  Illus. by Floyd Cooper.  Amistad, 2012.  Gr. 2-5
Strohmeier, Lenice U.  Mingo.  Marshall Cavendish, 2003.  Gr. 3-5
Stroud, Bettye.  The Patchwork Path: A Quilt Map to Freedom.  Illus. by Erin Susanne Bennett.
Candlewick, 2005.  Gr. 1-4
Tate, Don.  Poet: The Remarkable Story of George Moses Horton.  Peachtree, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Taylor, Charles A.  Juneteenth: A Celebration of Freedom.  Open Hand, 2002.  Gr. 5-8
Tingle, Tim.  Crossing Bok Chitto.  Illus. by Jeanne Rorex Bridges.  Cinco Puntos, 2006.  Gr. 2-5
VanHecke, Susan.  Under the Freedom Tree.  Illus. by London Ladd.  Charlesbridge, 2014.  Gr. 2-5
Vaughan, Marcia.  The Secret to Freedom.  Illus. by Larry Johnson.  Lee & Low, 2001.  Gr. 2-4
Vaughan, Marcia.  Up the Learning Tree.  Illus. by Derek Blanks.  Lee & Low, 2003.  Gr. 2-4
Walter, Mildred Pitts.  Alec's Primer.  Illus. by Larry Johnson.  August House, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Weatherford, Carole Boston.  Freedom in Congo Square.  Illus. by R. Gregory Christie.  little bee books,
2016.  Gr. 2-4
Wesley, Valerie Wilson.  Freedom's Gifts: A Juneteenth Story.  Illus. by Sharon Wilson.  Simon
& Schuster, 1997.  Gr. 2-5
Winter, Jeanette.  Follow the Drinking Gourd.  Knopf, 1988.  Gr. 1-5
Woelfle, Gretchen.  Answering the Cry for Freedom: Stories of African Americans and the American
Revolution.  Illus. by Gregory Christie.  Calkins Creek, 2016.  Gr. 5-8
Woelfle, Gretchen.  Mumbet's Declaration of Independence.  Illus. by Alix Delinois.  Carolrhoda, 2014.
Gr. 2-5
Wright, Courtni C.  Journey to Freedom: A Story of the Underground Railroad.  Illus. by Gershom
Griffith.  Holiday House, 1994.  Gr. 2-5
Woodruff, Elvira.  Dear Austin: Letters from the Underground Railroad.  Knopf, 1998.  Gr. 4-6
Wright, Courtni C.  Jumping the Broom.  Illus. by Gershom Griffith.  Holiday House, 1994.  Gr. 1-3
Wyeth, Sharon Dennis.  Freedom's Wings: Corey's Underground Railroad Diary, Book 1 ("My America"
series).  Scholastic, 2001.  Gr. 2-5.  Sequels: Flying Free: Corey's Underground Railroad Diary, Book 2 (2002) and Message in the Sky: Corey's Underground Railroad Diary, Book 3 (2003)
Check public and school library shelves for nonfiction books about slavery and the Underground Railroad published in library editions.
Civil Rights:
Go to "On the Shelves" for an annotated list of titles related to people and events associated with the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.
Additional titles:
Adoff, Arnold.  Roots and Blues: A Celebration.  Illus. by R. Gregory Christie.  Clarion, 2011.  Gr. 4-8
Altman, Susan & Lechner, Susan.  Followers of the North Star.  Illus. by Byron Wooden.  Childrens
Press, 1993.  Gr. 4-7 (poetry)
Bildner, Phil.  The Hallelujah Flight.  Illus. by John Holyfield.  Putnam, 2010.   Gr. 1-4
Bolden, Tanya.  Pathfinders: The Journey of 16 Extraordinary Black Souls.  Abrams, 2017.  Gr. 5-8
Campbell, Bebe Moore.  Stompin' at the Savoy.  Illus. by Richard Yarde.  Philomel, 2006.  Gr. 2-5
Clinton, Catherine (Selected).  I, Too, Sing America: Three Centuries of African American Poetry.
Illus. by Stephen Alcorn.  Houghton Mifflin, 1998.  Gr. 5 & abov
Cook, Michelle.  Our Children Can Soar: A Celebration of Rosa, Barack, and the Pioneers of
Change.  Illus. by 13 children's book illustrators.  Bloomsbury, 2009.  Gr. K-4
Cooper, Floyd.  Juneteenth for Mazie.  Picture Window Books, 2015.  Gr. 1-3
Cooper, Michael L.  Slave Spirituals and the Jubilee Singers.  Clarion, 2001.  Gr. 5 & above
Deans, Karen.  Swing Sisters: The Story of the International Sweethearts of Rhythm.  Illus. by Joe
Cepeda.  Holiday House, 2015.  Gr. 2-5
Greene, Meg.  Into the Land of Freedom: African Americans in Reconstruction.  Lerner, 2004.  Gr. 5-8
Greenfield, Eloise.  The Great Migration: Journey to the North.  Illus. by Jan Spivey Gilchrist.
Amistad/HarperCollins, 2011.  Gr. 2-5
Herron, Carolivia.  Nappy Hair.  Illus. by Joe Cepeda.  Knopf, 1997.  Gr. K-3
hooks, bell.  Happy to be Nappy.  Illus. by Chris Raschka.  Hyperion, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Hopkinson, Deborah.  A Band of Angels: A Story Inspired by the Jubilee Singers.  Illus. by Raúl Colόn.
Atheneum, 1999.  Gr. 2-5
Howard, Elizabeth Fitzgerald.  Virgie Goes to School with Us Boys.  Illus. by E. B. Lewis.  Simon &
Schuster, 2000.  Gr. 1-4
Hubbell, Patricia.  Black All Around!  Illus. by Don Tate.  Lee & Low, 2003.  Gr. Pre-2
Hudson, Wade (Selected).  Pass It On: African-American Poetry for Children.  Illus. by Floyd Cooper.
Scholastic, 1993.  Gr. All ages
Hughes, Langston.  My People.  Illus. by Charles R. Smith, Jr.  Ginee Seo/Atheneum, 2009.
Gr. All ages
Johnson, Angela.  Windflyers.  Illus. by Loren Long.  Simon & Schuster, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Johnson, Dinah.  Black Magic.  Illus. by R. Gregory Christie.  Henry Holt, 2010.  Gr. K-3
Johnson, James Weldon.  Lift Every Voice and Sing.  Illus. by Bryan Collier.  Amistad, 2007.
Gr. All ages
Lapham, Steven Sellers & Walton, Eugene.  Philip Reid Saves the Statue of Freedom.  Illus. by
R. Gregory Christie.  Sleeping Bear Press, 2014.  Gr. 2-4
Lewis. E.B. (Illus.).  This Little Light of Mine.  Simon & Schuster, 2005.  Gr. Pre-3
Lewis, J. Patrick.  Freedom Like Sunlight: Praisesongs for Black Americans.  Illus. by John
Thompson.  Creative Editions, 2000.  Gr. 4 & above
Lewis, J. Patrick.  Harlem Hellfighters.  Illus. by Gary Kelley.  Creative Editions, 2014.  Gr. 5-9
Littlesugar, Amy.  Tree of Hope.  Illus. by Floyd Cooper.  Philomel, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
Lyons, Kelly Starling.  Ellen's Broom.  Illus. by Daniel Minter.  Putnam, 2012.  Gr. 1-4
McKissack, Patricia C. & Fredrick L.  Days of Jubilee: The End of Slavery in the United States.
Scholastic, 2003.  Gr. 5-8
Michelson, Richard.  Happy Feet: The Savoy Ballroom Lindy Hoppers and Me.  Illus. by E.B. Lewis.
Harcourt, 2005.  Gr. 2-4
Mitchell, Margaree King.  When Grandmama Sings.  Illus. byJames Ransome.  Amistad, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Meyer, Susan.  New Shoes.  Illus. by Eric Velasquez.  Holiday House, 2015.  Gr. 1-3
Myers, Walter Dean.  Blues Journey.  Illus. by Christopher Myers.  Holiday House, 2003.  Gr. 5 & above
Myers, Walter Dean.  Harlem.  Illus. by Christopher Myers.  Scholastic, 1997.  Gr. 6 & above
Myers, Walter Dean.  Brown Angels: An Album of Pictures and Verse.  HarperCollins, 1993.
Gr. 2 & above
Myers, Walter Dean.  Now Is Your Time!: The African-American Struggle for Freedom.  HarperCollins,
1991.  Gr. 6 & above,
Myers, Walter Dean.  Here in Harlem: Poems in Many Voices.  Holiday House, 2008.  Gr. 7 & above
Nelson, Kadir.  Heart and Soul: The Story of America and African Americans.  Balzer & Bray, 2011.
Gr. 5 & above
Nelson, Vaunda Micheaux.  Bad News for Outlaws: The Remarkable Life of Bass Reeves, Deputy U.S.
Marshal.  Illus. by R. Gregory Christie.  Carolrhoda, 2009.  Gr. 4-6
Nelson, Vaunda Micheaux.  The Book Itch: Freedom, Truth & Harlem's Greatest Bookstore.  Illus. by
R. Gregory Christie.  Carolrhoda, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Pinkney, Andrea Davis.  Hand in Hand: Ten Black Men Who Changed America.  Illus. by Brian Pinkney.
Disney/Jump at the Sun, 2012.  Gr. 5-8
Pinkney, Sandra L.  Shades of Black.  Photos by Myles Pinkney.  Scholastic, 2000.  Gr. Pre-2
Ringgold, Faith.  Harlem Renaissance Party.  Amistad, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Ringgold, Faith.  Dinner at Aunt Connie's House.  Hyperion, 1993.  Gr. 1-4
Ringgold, Faith.  Tar Beach.  Crown, 1991.  Gr. 1-5
Rochelle, Belinda.  Word with Wings: A Treasury of African-American Poetry and Art.  HarperCollins,
2001.  Gr. 3 & above
Rochelle, Belinda.  Jewels.  Illus. by Cornelius Van Wright & Ying-Hwa Hu.  Dutton, 1998.  Gr. 1-3
Shange, Ntozake.  ellington was not a street.  Illus. by Kadir Nelson.  Simon & Schuster, 2004.  Gr. 3-6
Siegelson, Kim L.  Dancing the Ring Shout!  Illus. by Lisa Cohen.  Hyperion, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Smith, Charles R., Jr.  28 Days: Moments in Black History That Changed the World.  Illus. by Shane W.
Evans.  Roaring Brook, 2015.  Gr. 3-6
Smith, Charles R., Jr.  Black Jack: The Ballad of Jack Johnson.  Illus. by Shane W. Evans.  Roaring
Brook, 2010.  Gr. 2-5
Stotts, Stuart.  We Shall Overcome: A Song That Changed the World.  Illus. by Terrance Cummings.
Clarion, 2010.  Gr. 4-8
Tarpley, Natasha Anastasia.  I Love My Hair!  Illus. by E.B. Lewis.  Little, Brown, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Taylor, Debbie A.  Sweet Music in Harlem.  Illus. by Frank Morrison.  Lee & Low, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Thomas, Joyce Carol.  The Blacker the Berry.  Illus. by Floyd Cooper.  HarperCollins, 2008.
Gr. 1-4 (poetry)
Thomas, Joyce Carol.  Crowning Glory.  Illus. by Brenda Joysmith.  HarperCollins, 2002.
Gr. 1-4 (poetry)
Turner, Glennette Tilley.  Fort Mose: And the Story of the Man Who Built the First Free Black Settlement
in Colonial America.  Abrams, 2010.  Gr. 6-9
Walker, Sally.  Freedom Song: The Story of Henry "Box" Brown.  Illus. by Sean Qualls.  HarperCollins,
2012.  Gr. 1-3
Weatherford, Carole Boston.  Sugar Hill: Harlem's Historic Neighborhood.  Illus. by R. Gregory Christie.
Albert Whitman, 2014.  Gr. 2-5
Woodson, Jacqueline.  Show Way.  Illus. by Hudson Talbott.  Putnam, 2005.  Gr. 3-6
Woodson, Jacqueline.  This Is the Rope: A Story from the Great Migration.  Illus. by James Ransome.
Nancy Paulsen/Penguin, 2013.  Gr. K-3

From Slavery to Civil Rights: A Timeline of African-American History, at the Library of Congress
An enormous collection of primary source materials, including photographs, maps, music, assorted print items, slave narratives, and a link to teachers' lesson plans.
Encyclopaedia Brittanica's Guide to Black History
A superb collection of material that includes biographies, places and events, an image gallery, multimedia, resources, and learning activities
Black History, at the History Channel
Videos, photos, speeches, and more (some advertisements)
Celebrate Black History
A wealth of facts, video, and photos on selected individuals and events (Note: prescreen this site for advertisements and comment section)
Culture and Change, Black History in America
Site from Scholastic includes a variety of resource materials, an interactive timeline, interviews, and teachers' guides.

Although Black History Month affords an excellent opportunity to study the history and achievements of African Americans, this study should be part of the entire school year as we study all cultures that make up our global society.
For additional resources, see the Activities Calendar related to the following individuals and events: George Washington Carver (January 5), Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15), Muhammad Ali (January 17), Jackie Robinson (January 31), Langston Hughes (February 1), Rosa Parks (February 4), Marian Anderson (February 27), Harriet Tubman (March 10), Booker T. Washington (April 5), Civil Rights Act (April 11), 1963 March on Washington (August 28), Phillis Wheatley (September 1), Frederick Douglass (September 3), and Sojourner Truth (November 26).
See the list of topics, including people, places, events, legislation, and more, for research possibilities. Students might find other subjects to add to this list. Provide a variety of opportunities for them to share their research findings, including a timeline, posters, PowerPoint presentation, wax museum, Readers Theatre, and others.
Display folktales from Africa and African American folktales. Choose some for reading aloud and invite students to read others independently. Make connections among elements of the tales and aspects of African/African American history.


Chinese New Year, the Year of the Dog, is celebrated February 16, 2018. It is also the first day of Tet.
Bae, Hyun-Joo.  New Clothes for New Year's Day.  Kane-Miller, 2007.  Gr. 1-3 (Korea)
Bledsoe, Karen.  Chinese New Year Crafts.  Enslow, 2005.  Gr. 1-5
Bouchard, Dave.  The Dragon New Year: A Chinese Legend.  Illus. by Zhong-Yang Huang.  Peachtree,
1999.  Gr. 2-4
Casey, Dawn.  The Great Race: The Story of the Chinese Zodiac.  Illus. by Anne Wilson.  Barefoot
Books, 2006.  Gr. 1-4
Chinn, Karen.  Sam and the Lucky Money.  Illus. by Cornelius Van Wright & Ying-Hwa Hu.  Lee & Low,
1995.  Gr. K-3
Compestine, Ying Chang.  The Runaway Wok: A Chinese New Year Tale.  Illus. by Sebastia Serra.
Dutton, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Compestine, Ying Chang.  D Is for Dragon Dance.  Illus. by Yongsheng Xuan.  Holiday House, 2006.
Gr. K-3
Compestine, Ying Chang.  The Runaway Rice Cake.  Illus. by Tungwai Chau.  Simon & Schuster,
2001.  Gr. K-3
Compestine, Ying Chang.  Crouching Tiger.  Illus. by Yan Nascimbene.  Candlewick, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Demi.  Happy New Year!/Kung-hsi fa-ts'ai!  Crown, 1997.  Gr. 1-4
Hoyt-Goldsmith, Diane.  Celebrating Chinese New Year.  Photos by Lawrence Migdate.  Holiday
House, 1998.  Gr. 2-5
Katz, Karen.  My First Chinese New Year.  Henry Holt, 2004. Gr. Pre-1
Kimmel, Eric A.  The Rooster's Antlers: A Story of the Chinese Zodiac.  Illus. by Yongsheng Xuan.
Holiday House, 1999.  Gr. 1-3
Lin, Grace.  Bringing in the New Year.  Knopf, 2008.  Gr. Pre-2
Lin, Grace.  The Year of the Rat.  Little, Brown, 2008.  Gr. 3-5
Lin, Grace.  The Year of the Dog.  Little, Brown, 2006.  Gr. 3-5
Low, William.  Chinatown.  Henry Holt, 1997.  Gr. K-2
McGee, Randel.  Paper Crafts for Chinese New Year.  Enslow, 2008.  Gr. 1-4
Shea, Pegi Deitz & Weill, Cynthia.  Ten Mice for Tet.  Illus. by To Ngoc Trang.  Chronicle, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Simonds, Nina; Swartz, Leslie & the Children's Museum of Boston.  Moonbeams, Dumplings & Dragon
Boats: A Treasury of Chinese Tales, Activities and Recipes.  Illus. by Meilo So.  Harcourt, 2002.  Gr. 4-8
Thong, Roseanne.  The Wishing Tree.  Illus. by Connie McLennan.  Shen's, 2004.  Gr. 2-5
Wang, Gabrielle.  The Race for the Chinese Zodiac.  Illus. by Sally Rippin.  Candlewick, 2013.  Gr. K-3
Waters, Kate & Slovenz-Low, Madeline.  Lion Dancer: Ernie Wan's Chinese New Year.  Photos by
Martha Cooper.  Scholastic, 1990.  Gr. K-3
Wong, Janet S.  This Next New Year.  Illus. by Yangsook Choi.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Yep, Laurence.  When the Circus Came to Town.  HarperCollins, 2002.  Gr. 4-6
Yim, Natasha.  Goldy Luck and the Three Pandas.  Illus. by Grace Zong.  Charlesbridge, 2014.  Gr. K-3
Young, Ed.  Cat and Rat: The Legend of the Chinese Zodiac.  Henry Holt, 1995.  Gr. 1-3
Yu, Li Qiong.  A New Year's Reunion: A Chinese Story.  Illus. by Zhu Chen Liang.  Candlewick, 2011.
Gr. K-3
Check public and school library shelves for nonfiction books about Chinese New Year and other lunar holidays published in library editions.

Chinese New Year
Includes a discussion of what typically occurs during the 15 days of the celebration, traditional new year foods, decorations, and superstitions
Chinese New Year
History, traditions, recipes, coloring pages, crafts ideas (advertisements at this site)
Chinese Festivals and Dragon Lore
Information, stories, and links to activities and games
The Lion Dance
Discusses the traditions and symbolism associated with the lion dance accompanied by great photos

Read books aloud about Chinese New Year and display others for independent reading. Discuss traditions of Chinese New Year and compare them to traditions of new year celebrations with which they are familiar. Possible points of comparison include: special foods, preparations for the holiday, traditional activities, decorations, gifts, and the like.
Have students determine the year of their birth and research their "animal year" according to the Chinese zodiac. Discuss the character attributes associated with each animal and the extent to which they fit their personalities.
Contact the local Asian Cultural Center for information about lion dancers. If possible, invite dancers to school to give a demonstration.
The "Reading Rainbow" episode of Liang and the Magic Paintbrush contains a segment featuring a traditional lion dance.
Make Chinese mooncakes, using this easy recipe.


February is Dental Health Month
Adler, David A.  Young Cam Jansen and the Lost Tooth.  Illus. by Susanna Natti.  Viking, 1997.  Gr. K-2
Bate, Lucy.  Little Rabbit’s Loose Tooth.  Illus. by Diane deGroat.  Crown, 2006.  Gr. K-2 (reissue)
Beeler, Selby.  Throw Your Tooth on the Roof: Tooth Traditions from Around the World.  Illus. by G. Brian
Karas.  Houghton Mifflin, 1998.   Gr. K-3
Birdseye, Tom.  Airmail to the Moon.  Illus. by Stephen Gammell.  Holiday House, 1988.  Gr. K-3
Borden, Louise.  The Lost-and-Found Tooth.  Illus. by Adam Gustavson.  McElderry, 2008.  Gr. 1-3
Brill, Marlene Targ.  Tooth Tales from Around the World.  Illus. by Katya Krenina.  Charlesbridge,
1998.  Gr. 2-4
Brown, Marc.  Arthur’s Tooth.  Little, Brown, 1985.  Gr. K-2
Diakité, Penda.  I Lost My Tooth in Africa.  Illus. by Baba Wagué Diakité.  Scholastic, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Hoban, Lillian.  Arthur’s Loose Tooth.  HarperCollins, 1987.  Gr. K-2
Jensen, Patsy.  Loose-Tooth Luke (Real Kids Readers, Level 3).  Photos by Dorothy Handelman.
Millbrook, 1998.  Gr. 1-3
Katz, Bobbi.  Make Way for Tooth Decay (Hello Reader, 3).  Illus. by Steve Bjorkman.  Scholastic,
2002.  Gr. 1-3
Keller, Laurie.  Open Wide: Tooth School Inside.  Henry Holt, 2000.  Gr. 1-4
Krensky, Stephen.  My Loose Tooth (Step-into-Reading, 2).  Illus. by Hideko Takahashi.  Random
House, 1999.  Gr. 1-3
Kroll, Steven.  Loose Tooth.  Illus. by Tricia Tusa.  Scholastic, 1992.  Gr. K-2
Laminack, Lester L.  Trevor’s Wiggly Wobbly Tooth.  Illus. by Kathi Garry McCord.  Peachtree, 1998.
Gr. K-2
Levine, Sara.  Tooth by Tooth: Comparing Fangs, Tusks, and Chompers.  Illus. by T.S. Spookytooth.
Millbrook, 2016.  Gr. 1-4
Maccarone, Grace.  My Tooth Is About to Fall Out (Hello Reader, 1).  Illus. by Betsy Lewin.  Cartwheel,
1995.  Gr. K-1
MacDonald, Amy.  Cousin Ruth’s Tooth.  Illus. by Marjorie Priceman.  Houghton Mifflin, 1996.  Gr. K-2
McGhee, Alison.  Mrs. Watson Wants Your Teeth.  Illus. by Harry Bliss.  Harcourt, 2004.  Gr. K-2
Middleton, Charlotte.  Tabitha’s Terrifically Tough Tooth.  Dial, 2001.  Gr. K-2
Miller, Edward.  The Tooth Book: A Guide to Healthy Teeth and Gums.  Holiday House, 2008.  Gr. K-3
Munsch, Robert.  Andrew’s Loose Tooth.  Illus. by Michael Martchenko.  Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. K-3
Palatini, Margie.  Sweet Tooth.  Illus. by Jack E. Davis.  Simon & Schuster, 2004.  Gr. 1-3
Rosenberry, Vera.  Vera Goes to the Dentist.  Henry Holt, 2002.  Gr. K-3
Rowan, Kate.  Sam’s Science: I Know Why I Brush My Teeth.  Illus. by Katharine McEwen.  Candlewick,
1999.  Gr. 1-4
Shaw, Gina.  Hooray for Teeth! (Hello Reader, 2).  Illus. by Greg Neri.  Scholastic, 2001.  Gr. 1-3
Smith, Penny.  A Trip to the Dentist.  DK Children, 2006.  Gr. K-2
Suen, Anastasia (based on characters created by Ezra Jack Keats).  Loose Tooth.  Illus. by Allan Eitzen.
Viking, 2002.  Gr. K-2
Van Leeuwen, Jean.  Amanda Pig and the Wiggly Tooth.  Illus. by Ann Schweninger.  Dial, 2008.
Gr. K-2
Vrombaut, An.  Clarabella’s Teeth.  Clarion, 2003.  Gr. Pre-1
Wilson, Karma.  Bear's Loose Tooth.  Illus. by Jane Chapman.  McElderry, 2011.  Gr. K-2
Wilson, Sarah.  Dragon Tooth Trouble.  Henry Holt, 2006.  Gr. 2-4
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about maintaining healthy teeth and visiting the dentist published in library editions. See National Tooth Fairy Day (February 28) for additional titles appropriate for Dental Health Month.

Healthy Teeth
A site for elementary-aged students, produced by dentists, with information about all aspects of tooth care; includes child-friendly print and some videos
Colgate Kids
Online games and activities to remind children to take care of their teeth (some advertisements)
Your Teeth, from KidsHealth
Information about teeth, including a diagram of a tooth, types of teeth, and how to care for them

Using the tooth-shaped paper, have students write a personal narrative about a time they lost a tooth.
Invite a dentist or dental hygienist into the classroom to talk about the importance of good dental health and how to have healthy teeth.
Take digital pictures of students when they lose a tooth (make sure their smile shows the empty space!). Display the pictures on an ongoing bulletin board. Have students write their own captions for the pictures; e.g., “I lost my tooth on the playground,” said Luke; “I lost my tooth when I bit into an apple,” shouted Jenna.
Make a class bar graph of lost teeth. Cut a large piece of paper in the shape of a tooth, and draw a bar for each month of the school year. Divide the bar into squares. Each time students lose a tooth, have them color a square next to the appropriate month. At the end of each month, compare the number of teeth lost with other months.


February is National Bird Feeding Month
Arnosky, Jim.  Crinkleroot’s 25 Birds Every Child Should Know.  Bradbury, 1993.  Gr. Pre-3
Arnosky, Jim.  Crinkleroot’s Guide to Knowing the Birds.  Bradbury, 1992.  Gr. 1-4
Bash, Barbara.  Urban Roosts: Where Birds Nest in the City.  Sierra Club, 1990.  Gr. 3-5
Cate, Annette LeBlanc.  Look Up!: Bird-Watching in Your Own Backyard.  Candlewick, 2013.  Gr. 3-5
Chrustowski, Rick.  Blue Sky Bluebird.  Henry Holt, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Collard, Sneed B., III.  Beaks!  Illus. by Robin Brickman.  Charlesbridge, 2002.  Gr. 1-4
DePalma, Mary Newell.  Two Little Birds.  Eerdmans, 2014.  Gr. K-2
Ehlert, Lois.  Feathers for Lunch.  Harcourt, 1990.  Gr. K-2
Elliott, David.  On the Wing.  Illus. by Becca Stadtlander.  Candlewick, 2014.  Gr. K-3  (poetry)
Florian, Douglas.  On the Wing: Bird Poems and Paintings.  Harcourt, 1996.  Gr. 1-4
Foster, Joanna (retold).  The Magpies’ Nest.  Illus. by Julie Downing.  Clarion, 1995.  Gr. 2-4
Frost, Helen.  Sweep Up the Sun.  Photos by Rick Lieder  Candlewick, 2015.  Gr. K-3
Gans, Roma.  How Do Birds Find Their Way?  Illus. by Paul Mirocha.  HarperCollins, 1996.  Gr. 1-3
Garland, Michael.  Birds Make Nests.  Holiday House, 2017.  Gr. K-2
Gray, Rita.  Have You Heard the Nesting Bird?  Illus. by Kenard Pak.  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2014.
Gr. K-3
Henkes, Kevin.  Birds.  Illus. by Laura Dronzek.  HarperCollins, 2009.  Gr. Pre-2
Hoose, Phillip.  Moonbird: A Year on the Wind with the Great Survivor B95.  Farrar, Straus,
& Giroux, 2012.  Gr. 6 & above
Jenkins, Priscilla Belz.  A Nest Full of Eggs.  Illus. by Lizzy Rockwell.  HarperCollins, 1995.  Gr. 1-3
Jonas, Ann.  Bird Talk.  Greenwillow, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Judge, Lita.  Bird Talk: What Birds Are Saying and Why.  Roaring Brook, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Kelly, Irene.  Even an Ostrich Needs a Nest: Where Birds Begin.  Holiday House, 2009.  Gr. 1-4
Kiesler, Kate (compiled).  Wings on the Wind: Bird Poems.  Clarion, 2002.  Gr. 1-5
Lerner, Carol.  Backyard Birds of Winter.  HarperCollins, 1994.  Gr. 3-6
Lerner, Carol.  Backyard Birds of Summer.  HarperCollins, 1996.  Gr. 3-6
Lerner, Carol.  On the Wing: American Birds in Migration.  HarperCollins, 2001.  Gr. 3-6
Meddaugh, Susan.  Tree of Birds.  Houghton Mifflin, 1990.  Gr. K-2
Napoli, Donna Jo.  Albert.  Illus. by Jim LaMarche.  Harcourt, 2001.  Gr. 1-3
Norman, Howard.  Between Heaven and Earth: Bird Tales from Around the World.  Illus. by Leo & Diane
Dillon.  Harcourt, 2004.  Gr. 3-8
Pallotta, Jerry.  The Bird Alphabet Book.  Illus. by Edgar Stewart.  Charlesbridge, 1989.  Gr. K-3
Rabe, Tish.  Fine Feathered Friends: All About Birds.  Illus. by Aristides Ruiz.  Random House,
1998.  Gr. K-3
Rockwell, Anne.  Two Blue Jays.  Illus. by Megan Halsey.  Walker, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Rockwell, Anne.  Our Yard Is Full of Birds.  Illus. by Lizzy Rockwell.  Simon & Schuster, 1992.  Gr. K-3
Rockwell, Lizzy.  A Bird Is a Bird.  Holiday House, 2015.  Gr. Pre-2
Ruddell, Deborah.  Today at the Bluebird Café: A Branchful of Birds.  Illus. by Joan Rankin.  McElderry,
2007.  Gr. 1-4
Ryder, Joanne.  Wild Birds.  Illus. by Susan Estelle Kwas.  HarperColllins, 2003.  Gr. K-2
Rylant, Cynthia.  The Bird House.  Illus. by Barry Moser.  Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. 1-4
Sill, Cathryn.  About Birds: A Guide for Children.  Illus. by John Sill.  Peachtree, 1991.  Gr. Pre-2
Spinelli, Eileen.  Feathers: Poems about Birds.  Illus. by Lisa McCue.  Henry Holt, 2004.  Gr. 1-4
Spink, Matt.  Some Birds.  Abrams Appleseed, 2016.  Gr. Pre-2
Stewart, Melissa.  Feathers Not Just for Flying.  Illus. by Sarah S. Brannen.  Charlesbridge, 2014.
Gr. 1-4
Stewart, Melissa.  A Place for Birds.  Illus. by Higgins Bond.  Peachtree, 2009.  Gr. 3-5
Stockdale, Susan.  Bring on the Birds.  Peachtree, 2011.  Gr. K-3
Swinburne, Stephen.  Unbeatable Beaks.  Illus. by Joan Paley.  Henry Holt, 1999.  Gr. K-3
Talbott, Hudson.  United Tweets of America: 50 State Birds Their Stories, Their Glories.  Putnam,
2008.  Gr. 3-6
Thomas, Peggy.  For the Birds: The Life of Roger Tory Peterson.  Illus. by Laura Jacques.  Boyds Mills,
2011.  Gr. 3-5
Valério, Geraldo.  My Book of Birds.  Groundwood, 2016.  Gr. 2-5
VanDerwater, Amy Ludwig.  Every Day Birds.  Illus. by Dylan Metrano.  Orchard, 2016.  Gr. K-3
Weindensaul, Scott.  National Audubon Society First Field Guide: Birds.  Scholastic, 1998.
Gr. 3 & above.
Winer, Yvonne.  Birds Build Nests.  Illus. by Tony Oliver.  Charlesbridge, 2002.  Gr. K-3
Wood, Audrey.  Birdsong.  Illus. by Robert Florczak.  Harcourt, 1997.  Gr. 1-3
Yolen, Jane.  Bird Watch.  Illus. by Ted Lewin.  Philomel, 1990.  Gr. All Ages (poetry)
Yolen, Jane.  Wild Wings: Poems for Young People.  Photos by Jason Stemple.  Boyds Mills, 2002.
Gr. 2-5
Yolen, Jane.  Fine Feathered Friends: Poems for Young People.  Photos by Jason Stemple.  Boyds
Mills, 2004.   Gr. 3-5
Yolen, Jane.  Birds of a Feather.  Photos by Jason Stemple.  Wordsong, 2011.  Gr. 3-5
Yolen, Jane & Stemple, Heidi.  You Nest Here with Me.  Illus. by Melissa Sweet.  Boyds Mills, 2015.
Gr. K-2
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about individual types of birds and birds in general published in library editions.

All About Birds, from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Extensive collection of birds, with overviews and detailed information about each, color photos of the bird, plus eggs and nest for most types; also audio of bird sounds
Bird Feeding Basics, from the Audubon Society
Tips on feeding birds in all seasons
Birds, from MrNussbaum.com
Comprehensive site that includes profiles of more than 100 North American birds, information on bird anatomy, clips of bird songs, activities, birds by habitat, and much more (some advertisements)

Have students research the relationship between the shape of a bird’s beak and what it eats. Bird Adaptations: Beaks (run the mouse over color photos for information) and Bird Beaks have useful information about many different types of bird beaks.
Students can research birds that are common to the area in which they live. If their climate is cold in winter, which birds do not migrate and what do they prefer to eat?
Using photographs or paintings in nonfiction books as models, have students use colored pencils to make sketches of familiar birds.
Make simple bird “feeders.” Tie heavy string around the top of a pine cone. Spread peanut butter on the pine cone and roll it in bird seed. Hang the pine cone from a tree branch. Cut shapes with a large cookie cutter from slices of dry, but not hard, bread. Loop a string through a hole in the bread. Spread the slices with peanut butter and sprinkle with bird seed. Hang in a tree.
See the birthday of John James Audubon (April 26) on the Activities Calendars for additional book titles, weblinks, and activities related to birds.


1942 – President Franklin Roosevelt signed the executive order forcing the relocation and internment of Japanese Americans to facilities called “War Relocation Camps” in response to the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Bunting, Eve.  So Far from the Sea.  Illus. by Chris K. Soentpiet.  Clarion, 1998.  Gr. 3-5
Cooper, Michael L.  Remembering Manzanar: Live in a Japanese Relocation Camp.  Clarion,
2002.  Gr. 6-9
Denenberg, Barry.  The Journal of Ben Uchida: Citizen 13559, Mirror Lake Internment Camp.
Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. 5-8
Fitzmaurice, Kathryn.  A Diamond in the Desert.  Viking, 2012.  Gr. 5-8
Hamanaka, Sheila.  The Journey: Japanese Americans, Racism and Renewal.  Orchard, 1990.
Gr. 4 & above
Kadohata, Cynthia.  Weedflower.  Atheneum, 2006.  Gr. 5-8
Komatsu, Kimberly & Komatsu, Kaleigh.  In America’s Shadow.  Thomas George Books, 2002.
Gr. 6 & above
Larson, Kirby.  Dash.  Scholastic, 2014.  Gr. 4-6
Lee-Tai, Amy.  A Place Where Sunflowers Grow.  Illus. by Felicia Hoshino.  Children’s Book Press,
2006.  Gr. 2-4
Marrin, Albert.  Uprooted: The Japanese American Experience During World War II.  Knopf, 2016.
Gr. 7 & above
Mochizuki, Ken.  Baseball Saved Us.  Illus. by Dom Lee.  Lee & Low, 1993.  Gr. 2-4
Moss, Marissa.  Barbed Wire Baseball.  Illus. by Yuko Shimizu.  Abrams, 2013.  Gr. 2-5
Noguchi, Rick.  Flowers from Mariko.   Illus. by Michelle Reiko Kumata.  Lee & Low, 2001.  Gr. 2-4
Oppenheim, Joanne.  Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration During
World War II and the Librarian Who Made a Difference.  Scholastic, 2006.  Gr. 6 & above
Patneaude, David.  Thin Wood Walls.  Houghton Mifflin, 2004.  Gr. 5-8
Sandler, Martin W.  Imprisoned: The Betrayal of Japanese Americans during World War II.  Walker,
2013.  Gr. 6 & above
Sepahban, Lois.  Paper Wishes.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2016.  Gr. 4-6
Stanley, Jerry.  I Am an American: A True Story of Japanese Internment.  Crown, 1994.  Gr. 5-9
Tunnell, Michael O. & Chilcoat, George W.  The Children of Topaz: The Story of a Japanese American
Internment Camp Based on a Classroom Diary.  Holiday House, 1996.  Gr. 5-9
Uchida, Yoshiko.  The Invisible Thread.  Julian Messner, 1991.  Gr. 4-6 (autobiography)
Uchida, Yoshiko.  The Bracelet.  Illus. by Joanna Yardley.  Philomel, 1993.  Gr. 3-5
Yamasaki, Katie.  Fish for Jimmy: Inspired by One Family's Experience in a Japanese American
Internment Camp.  Holiday House, 2013.  Gr. 2-5
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about Japanese relocation during World War II published in library editions.

Internment of San Francisco Japanese, from the Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco
Extensive collection of newspaper articles and photographs (including photos of Japanese relocation taken by Dorothea Lange and photos of the Manzanar Relocation Center)
Children of the Camps, from PBS
History, timeline, and links to an excellent collection of online resources about the internment camps

On a map of the U.S., locate sites of Japanese relocation camps.
Have students use print and internet resources to research the living arrangements in the camps. Focus on the amount of space each family was allotted, meals, outdoor areas (barbed wire fence, posted guards, climate and terrain), daily activities, etc. Ask students to imagine they were taken from their homes and placed in a relocation camp, and, given the information they found, write a reaction to their new surroundings. What are they feeling? What do they miss most about their home?
Based on the students’ research, make a T-chart documenting both sides of the issue of the internment of Japanese Americans. After all of the ideas are recorded (and supported), ask students to draw conclusions about the ethics of this act.


1962 – John Glenn became the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the Earth. Aboard Friendship 7, he became the third American to go into space and orbited the Earth three times in a flight lasting 4 hours, 55 minutes, and 23 seconds.
Ashby, Ruth.  Rocket Man: The Mercury Adventure of John Glenn.  Illus. by Robert Hunt.  Peachtree,
2004.  Gr. 4-6
Collard, Sneed B., III.  John Glenn: Hooked on Flying.  Marshall Cavendish, 2008.  Gr. 3-5
Hilliard, Richard.  Godspeed, John Glenn.  Boyds Mills, 2006.  Gr. 2-4
Mitchell, Don.  Liftoff: A Photobiography of John Glenn.  National Geographic, 2006.  Gr. 4-6
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of John Glenn published in library editions.

John & Annie Glenn Historic Site
Features a biography of John Glenn and photos of his boyhood home
John Glenn, from StarChild
Short biography and a photo of John Glenn
Glenn Research Center
Biography and “John Glenn: A Journey,” a video of important moments in his life, including the orbit of the Earth in 1962

Have students research “space firsts” and create a “who,” “what,” “when” timeline. For each item on the timeline, have them write a newspaper “headline” about the event, locate a picture, and include a few sentences describing the “first.”
Pose these research questions to students: Who were the original seven astronauts in the United States? What was the name of their “project?” What unique contribution did each of them make?
John Glenn has another space distinction to his credit. Have students find out what it was and the purpose of that event.


Presidents' Day
Originally celebrated as a federal holiday in honor of George Washington's birthday (February 22), the holiday was changed to the third Monday in February in 1971 in accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act. Over the years, it has evolved into a day to honor Abraham Lincoln (February 12) and often all the presidents.
Barnett, Mac.  President Taft is Stuck in the Bath.  Illus. by Chris Van Dusen.  Candlewick, 2014.  Gr. K-3
Bausum, Ann.  Our Country's Presidents: All You Need to Know about the Presidents, from George
Washington to Barack Obama.  National Geographic, 2009.  Gr. 4-8
Belanger, Jeff.  Who's Haunting the White House?: The President's Mansion and the Ghosts Who Live
There.  Illus. by Rick Powell.  Sterling, 2008.  Gr. 4-8
Burns, Ken.  Grover Cleveland, Again!: A Treasury of American Presidents.  Illus. by Gerald Kelley.
Random House, 2016.  Gr. 4-8
Davis, Kathryn Gibbs.  Wackiest White House Pets.  Illus. by David A. Johnson.  Scholastic, 2004.
Gr. 2-4
Davis, Kenneth C.  Don't Know Much about the Presidents.  Illus. by Pedro Martin.  HarperCollins,
2009.  Gr. 3-6 (revised edition)
Davis, Todd & Frey, Marc.  The New Big Book of U.S. Presidents: Fascinating Facts about Each and
Every President.  Running Press, 2009.  Gr. 4-6
Fleming, Candace.  A Big Cheese for the White House: The True Tale of a Tremendous Cheddar.
Illus. by S.D. Schindler.  DK Children, 1999.  Gr. 1-4
Grace, Catherine O.  The White House: An Illustrated History.  Scholastic, 2003.  Gr. 3 & above
Harness, Cheryl.  Ghosts of the White House.  Simon & Schuster, 1998.  Gr. 3-6
Karr, Kathleen.  It Happened in the White House: Extraordinary Tales from America's Most Famous
Home.  Illus. by Paul Meisel.  Hyperion, 2000.  Gr. 4-6
Katz, Susan.  The President's Stuck in the Bathtub: Poems about the Presidents.  Illus. by Robert
Neubecker.  Clarion, 2012.  Gr. 3-5
Krull, Kathleen.  Lives of the Presidents: Fame, Shame (and What the Neighbors Thought).  Illus. by
Kathryn Hewitt.  Harcourt, 1998.  Gr. 5-8 (Washington through Clinton)
McCullough, Noah.  First Kids: The True Stories of All the Presidents' Children.  Scholastic, 2008.
Gr. 4-8
Moberg, Julia.  Presidential Pets: The Weird, Wacky, Little, Big, Scary, Strange Animals That Have
Lived in the White House.  Illus. by Jeff Albrecht Studios.  Charlesbridge, 2012.  Gr. 2-5
National Children's Book and Literacy Alliance (Compiled).  Our White House: Looking In, Looking
Out.  Candlewick, 2008.  Gr. 3 & above (contributions from 108 authors and illustrators)
O'Connor, Jane.  If the Walls Could Talk: Family Life at the White House.  Illus. by Gary Hovland.
Simon & Schuster, 2004.  Gr. 3-6
Piven, Hanoch.  What Presidents Are Made Of.  Atheneum, 2004.  Gr. 3-7
Raczka, Bob.  Presidential Misadventures: Poems That Poke Fun at the Man in Charge.  Illus. by
Dan E. Burr.  Roaring Brook, 2015.  Gr. 3-6
Rockwell, Anne F.  Presidents' Day.  Illus. by Lizzy Rockwell.  HarperCollins, 2007.  Gr. K-2
Sabuda, Robert.  The White House: A Pop-Up of Our Nation's Home.  Orchard, 2015.  Gr. 2 & up
Shamir, Ruby.  What's the Big Deal about First Ladies.  Illus. by Matt Faulkner.  Philomel, 2017.  Gr. 2-5
Singer, Marilyn.  Rutherford B. Who Was He?: Poems about Our Presidents.  Illus. by John Hendrix.
Hyperion, 2013.  Gr. 2-5
Slade, Suzanne.  The House That George Built.  Illus. by Rebecca Bond.  Charlesbridge, 2012.  Gr. 2-4
Smith, Charles R., Jr.  Brick by Brick.  Illus. by Floyd Cooper.  Amistad/HarperCollins, 2013.  Gr. 2-4
Smith, Lane.  Madame President.  Hyperion, 2008.  Gr. K-3
St. George, Judith.  So You Want to Be President?  Illus. by David Small.  Philomel, 2004.  Gr. 3-7
St. George, Judith.  The Ghost, the White House, and Me.  Holiday House, 2007.  Gr. 3-5
Thomas, Helen.  The Great White House Breakout.  Illus. by Chip Bok.  Dial, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Townsend, Michael.  Where Do Presidents Come From?: And Other Presidential Stuff of Super Great
Importance.  Dial, 2012.  Gr. 3-6
Walton, Rick.  Mr. President Goes to School.  Illus. by Brad Sneed.  Peachtree, 2010.  Gr. K-2
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about President's Day published in library editions. Also look for the various series that include individual books about each president. See On the Shelves for an annotated bibliography of books about electing the president.

POTUS: Presidents of the United States, at Internet Public Library
A collection of "fast facts," links to internet biographies and historical documents, and interesting trivia about each president
Presidents of the United States
A compendium of resources about the presidents with links to just about any topic
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia about the presidents - must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find specific person
American President: An Online Reference Resource
For older students who need more information, this is an extensive collection of essays and historical documents about the presidents.

Put students with a partner (or in threes, if necessary) and assign each group a month. Have each group research the presidents born in their month and record the president's name and date of birth on an 8-1/2 X 11 sheet of paper with the name of the month at the top. Arrange the months in order and display in the hallway or library media center. Have students compose questions to accompany their display, such as: "What month has the fewest presidents born?"; "What month has the most presidents born?"; "In what season were the most presidents born?"
Working in groups, have students research a "fun fact," unique attribute or experience, or interesting piece of trivia for each president. Using the internet, have them locate a picture or portrait of the president and print it. Have them write their chosen facts on word bubbles and glue the picture and bubble on a piece of paper. Display the pictures/facts around the school for others to read.


1947 - Polaroid camera is introduced. Credited to Edwin Land as the inventor, instant cameras with self-developing film were manufactured by Polaroid from 1947-1983. The first commercially available model produced prints in about one minute and was initially sold to the public in November, 1948.
Armstrong, Jennifer.  Photo by Brady: A Picture of the Civil War.  Atheneum, 2005.  Gr. 6-9
Bidner, Jenni.  The Kids' Guide to Digital Photography: How to Shoot, Save, Play with & Print Your
Digital Photos.  Sterling, 2011.  Gr. 4 & above
Conrad, Pam.  Prairie Visions: The Life and Times of Solomon Butcher.  HarperCollins, 1991.  Gr. 4-8
Diesen, Deborah.  Picture Day Perfection.  Illus. by Dan Santat.  Abrams, 2013.  Gr. 1-3
Gherman, Beverly.  Ansel Adams: America's Photographer.  Little, Brown, 2002.  Gr. 6-10
Jenson-Elliott, Cindy.  Antsy Ansel: Ansel Adams, A Life in Nature.  Illus. by Christy Hale.  Holt, 2016.
Gr. 1-4
Levinson, Nancy Smiler.  Say Cheese! (Step-Into-Reading, Step 1)  Illus. by Valeria Petrone.  Random
House, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Martin, Jacqueline Briggs.  Snowflake Bentley.  Illus. by Mary Azarian.  Houghton Mifflin, 1998.  Gr. 2-4
Menchin, Scott.  Goodnight Selfie.  Illus. by Pierre Collet-Derby.  Candlewick, 2015.  Gr. K-3
Meyer, Carolyn.  Girl with a Camera: Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer: A Novel.  Calkins Creek,
2017.  Gr. 5-9
Partridge, Elizabeth.  Restless Spirit: The Life and Work of Dorothea Lange.  Viking, 1998.
Gr. 6 & above
Pichon, Liz.  Penguins.  Orchard, 2008. Gr. K-2
Plain, Nancy.  Light on the Prairie: Solomon D. Butcher, Photographer of Nebraska's Pioneer Days.
Bison Books, 2012.  Gr. 7 & above
Plourde, Lynn.  School Picture Day.  Illus. by Thor Wickstrom.  Dutton, 2002.  Gr. K-3
Rubin, Susan Goldman.  Stand There! She Shouted: The Invincible Photographer Julia Margaret
Cameron.  Illus. by Bagram Ibatoulline.  Candlewick, 2014.  Gr. 4-6
Sandler, Martin W.  America Through the Lens: Photographers Who Changed the Nation.  Henry Holt,
2005.  Gr. 5-9
Sandler, Martin W.  The Dust Bowl Through the Lens: How Photography Revealed and Helped Remedy
a National Disaster.  Walker, 2009.  Gr. 5-9
Sandler, Martin W.  Lincoln Through the Lens: How Photography Revealed and Shaped an
Extraordinary Life.  Walker, 2008.  Gr. 6-9
Sandler, Martin W.  Kennedy Through the Lens: How Photography and Television Revealed and
Shaped an Extraordinary Leader.  Walker, 2011.  Gr. 6-9
Sullivan, George.  Click Click Click!: Photography for Children.  Prestel Publ., 2011.  Gr. 5-8
Sullivan, George.  Berenice Abbott, Photographer: An Independent Vision.  Clarion, 2006.
Gr. 6 & above
Thomson, Ruth.  Photos Framed: A Fresh Look at the World's Most Memorable Photographs.
Candlewick, 2014.  Gr. 5-10
Wiesner, David.  Flotsam.  Clarion, 2006.  Gr. 1-5
Weatherford, Carole Boston.  Gordon Parks: How the Photographer Captured Black and White
America.  Illus. by Jamey Christoph.  Albert Whitman, 2015.  Gr. 2-4
Check school and public library shelves for nonfiction books about cameras, taking pictures, and photographers published in library editions.

Lesson Plans from Kodak
Organized by subject and grade level

Display a collection of books illustrated with photographs for browsing so that students may become familiar with this style of book illustration. Include both fiction and nonfiction, color and black-and-white photos.
With the assistance of the school librarian, locate books illustrated with photographs and books on the same topic illustrated with artist's renderings. Discuss with students which style of illustration they prefer to accompany the topic and which style is most effective in conveying the theme of the book.
Students can research famous photographers. Possibilities include: Berenice Abbott, Ansel Adams, Margaret Bourke-White, Matthew Brady, Solomon Butcher, Robert Capa, Edward Curtis, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Walker Evans, Louis Hine, William Henry Jackson, Yousuf Karsh, Dorothea Lange, Annie Leibovitz, Eadweard Muybridge, Jacob Riis, National Geographic photographers Steve McCurry and Joel Sartore, and Edward Steichen (they will find others). In their research, they might examine the influences of these photographers on American (or world) culture and history.
Students can research the history of the camera and picture-taking and explore the contributions of individuals such as Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre and George Eastman.
Students can use the internet to locate iconic photographs, e.g., raising the flag on Mount Suribachi in Japan, the Afghan Girl (National Geographic), Lewis Hine's "Breaker Boys," Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother," the couple kissing in Times Square on VJ Day, the footprint on the moon (taken by Buzz Aldrin), and many others. The Prints and Photographs Collection at the Library of Congress is a remarkable collection organized by topic and/or photographer.
Borrow digital cameras from the technology specialist so students can take pictures, indoors and out. Invite someone with some expertise in photography to talk with the class about choosing interesting or unique subjects, composition, light, etc., before they set out on a picture-taking outing.


1732 – birthdate of President George Washington
Adler, David A.  George Washington: An Illustrated Biography.  Holiday House, 2004.  Gr. 5-8
Adler, David A.  A Picture Book of George Washington.  Illus. by John & Alexandra Wallner.  Holiday
House, 1989.  Gr. 2-4
Bial, Raymond.  Where Washington Walked.  Walker, 2004.  Gr. 3-6
Chandra, Deborah & Comora, Madeleine.  George Washington’s Teeth.  Illus. by Brock Cole.  Farrar,
Straus & Giroux, 2003.  Gr. 2-4
Cheney, Lynne.  When Washington Crossed the Delaware: A Wintertime Story for Young Patriots.
Illus. by Peter Fiore.  Simon & Schuster, 2004.  Gr. 2-4
Cullen, Lynn.  Dear Mr. Washington.  Illus. by Nancy Carpenter.  Dial, 2015.  Gr. K-3
Fritz, Jean.  George Washington’s Mother (All Aboard Reading, Level 3).  Illus. by DyAnne DiSalvo-Ryan.
Grosset & Dunlap, 1992.  Gr. 2-4
Giblin, James Cross.  George Washington: A Picture Book Biography.  Illus. by Michael Dooling.
Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. 1-3
Harness, Cheryl.  George Washington.  National Geographic, 2000.  Gr. 3-6
Jurmain, Suzanne Tripp.  George Did It.  Illus. by Larry Day.  Dutton, 2005.  Gr. 2-5
Keating, Frank.  George: George Washington, Our Founding Father.  Illus. by Mike Wimmer.
Paula Wiseman/Simon & Schuster, 2012.  Gr. 2-5
Krensky, Stephen.  George Washington’s First Victory (Ready-to-Read, Level 2).  Illus. by Diane
Dawson Hearn.  Aladdin, 2005.  Gr. 1-
Marrin, Albert.  George Washington and the Founding of a Nation.  Dutton, 2001.  Gr. 6 & above.
McClafferty, Carla Killough.  The Many Faces of George Washington: Remaking a Presidential Icon.
Lerner, 2011.  Gr. 5-9
McNamara, Margaret.  George Washington's Birthday: A Mostly True Tale.  Illus. by Barry Blitt.
Schwartz & Wade, 2012.  Gr. 1-3
Murphy, Frank.  George Washington and the General’s Dog (Step into Reading, 3).  Illus. by Richard
Walz.  Random House, 2002.  Gr. 2-4
Murphy, Jim.  The Crossing: How George Washington Saved the American Revolution.  Scholastic,
2010.  Gr. 5-8,
Rockwell, Anne.  Big George: How a Shy Boy Became President Washington.  Illus. by Matt Phelan.
Harcourt, 2008.  Gr. 2-4
Small, David.  George Washington’s Cows.  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1994.  Gr. 1-3
St. George, Judith.  Take the Lead, George Washington.  Illus. by Daniel Powers.  Philomel, 2005.
Gr. 2-4
Thomas, Peggy.  Farmer George Plants a Nation.  Illus. by Layne Johnson.  Boyds Mills, 2008.  Gr. 4-6
Be sure to check school and public library shelves for MANY biographies of Washington published in library editions.

POTUS, Presidents of the United States at the Internet Public Library
Facts, both personal and political, links, and related information
American Presidents at the Miller Center
Extensive information on all aspects of the presidents' lives, including a photo gallery, speeches, presidential recordings (if available), and more. Excellent for research
American Presidents: Life Portraits, from C-SPAN
Facts and trivia about George Washington - must scroll down the drop-down menu of presidents to find Washington
George Washington’s Mount Vernon Estate & Gardens
Fairly extensive site that includes both an overview of Washington’s life and a longer biography, a timeline, a virtual tour of Mount Vernon, many photos, and much more
The Papers of George Washington
Older students will enjoy the FAQ page on this site containing lesser known details about Washington’s life.

Using the internet, have students locate several different portraits, sculptures, and other artistic renderings of George Washington (don’t forget currency, stamps, etc.). Discuss the different materials used to create each piece of art they find, as well as the similarities and differences in the actual images. Discuss the fact that all of these works are historical documents and why.
Collaborate with the art teacher and make available a variety of art materials for students to create a portrait of George Washington. Encourage creativity, e.g., three-dimensional portraits, a silhouette collage using pictures from magazines or travel brochures, or a collage of tactile materials, in addition to typical media such as paints, pastels, etc.
Have students research events in the life of George Washington, including jobs that he had at different times. The contents of the books listed above address different periods in his life. Have students make a pictorial timeline of these events with captions for each picture.
On the “Meet-the-Presidents” timeline, have someone take the responsibility for adding George Washington, using the fact recording sheet.


1953 - birthday of Walter Wick, best known as the photographer of the bestselling "I Spy" series
Written and illustrated by (all published by Scholastic)
A Drop of Water. 1997
Walter Wick's Optical Tricks. 1998
Can You See What I See? 2002
Can You See What I See? Dream Machine. 2003
Can You See What I See? Cool Collections. 2004
Can You See What I See? Seymour and the Juice Box Boat. 2004
Can You See What I See? The Night before Christmas. 2005
Can You See What I See? Once upon a Time. 2006
Can You See What I See? Seymour Makes New Friends. 2006
Can You See What I See? On a Scary Night. 2008
Can You See What I See? Treasure Ship. 2010
Can You See What I See? Toyland Express. 2011
Can You See What I See? Out of This World. 2013
Hey, Seymour! 2015
By Jean Marzollo, illus. by Walter Wick (all published by Scholastic)
I Spy: A Book of Picture Riddles. 1992
I Spy Christmas. 1992
I Spy Fun House. 1993
I Spy Mystery. 1993
I Spy Fantasy. 1994
I Spy School Days. 1995
I Spy Spooky Night. 1996
I Spy Super Challenger! 1997
I Spy Gold Challenger! 1998
I Spy Treasure Hunt. 1999
I Spy Extreme Challenger! 2000
I Spy Year-Round Challenger! 2001
I Spy Ultimate Challenger! 2003
I Spy A to Z. 2009
I Spy Spectacular. 2011
Scholastic Reader, Level 1 (with Marzollo)
I Spy Funny Teeth. 2003
I Spy a Dinosaur's Eye. 2003
I Spy a School Bus. 2003
I Spy Lightning in the Sky. 2005
I Spy a Penguin. 2005
I Spy a Balloon. 2006
I Spy a Pumpkin. 2006
I Spy a Butterfly. 2007
I Spy I Love You. 2009
I Spy a Skeleton. 2010
I Spy an Egg in a Nest. 2011

Walter Wick Studio
Biography illustrated with photos, book list, photos of him working on various books, hints page for hard-to-find objects in his books, and more
Can You See What I See?
An overview of the series, games, information about Walter Wick, and videos

Students can visit the "I Spy" website for online games and activities. (Some advertisements)
Hidden Pictures online allows users to find objects hidden in pictures by clicking on them.
Students can make a type of hidden picture. Have them find colorful pictures in magazines (pictures should include multiple items). Using a piece of construction paper large enough to cover the magazine picture, they cut a "window," circle or square, somewhere in the construction paper and position the window over an object. The challenge is for others to guess what is pictured behind the window. Discuss the need for there to be some visual clues that show through the window.


1786 – birthdate of Wilhelm Grimm
Hettinga, Donald R.  The Brothers Grimm: Two Lives, One Legacy.  Clarion, 2001.  Gr. 5-9
See On the Shelves for a listing of variants of familiar Grimm folktales.

Grimm’s Fairy Tales from Folklore to Forever, from National Geographic
The contents of a treasure box reveal a biographical timeline of the brothers Grimm, a map, articles, a list of Grimms’ tales that students can read online (some with audio), and some fairy tale characters that can be printed for stick puppets and other projects.
The Grimm Brothers' Children's and Household Tales
A list of 210 tales by title with the most familiar stories available to read online
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm: Brothers and Best Friends
An easy-to-read biography of the brothers Grimm, with timeline

Brainstorm a list of folk tales and fairy tales with which students are familiar. Have students use the list of tales from the second weblink above to find out which stories from their brainstormed list can be attributed to the Grimms.
Enlist the school library media specialist or public librarian in helping students locate as many different illustrated versions of these tales as they can find. Many illustrators have retold and/or illustrated “Little Red Riding Hood,” “Hansel and Gretel,” “Snow White,” “Rapunzel,” and “Rumpelstiltskin,” for example. (Concentrate on Grimm versions rather than include variants from other countries.) Divide students into small groups, assign each group one of the stories, and have them read and compare the different illustrated versions. They need to compare variations in the retellings and the interpretations of the stories by the different illustrators.


1841 – birthdate of Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French artist, regarded as one of the leaders in the Impressionist movement
Kelley, True.  Smart about…Pierre-Auguste Renoir: Paintings That Smile.  Grosset & Dunlap, 2005.
Gr. 2-4
Skira-Venturi, Rosabianca.  A Weekend with Renoir.  Rizzoli, 1996.  Gr. 3-5
Venezia, Mike.  Pierre-Auguste Renoir (“Getting to Know the World’s Greatest Artists”).  Children’s
Press, 1996.  Gr. 3-5
Wax, Wendy.  Renoir and the Boy with the Long Hair.  Illus. by Nancy Lane.  Barron’s, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Renoir published in library editions.

Renoir, Pierre-Auguste, at Web Museum, Paris
Biography of Renoir illustrated with several of his paintings
Pierre-Auguste Renoir at Olga’s Gallery
A display of 216 paintings (which can be enlarged for viewing) plus a biography (some advertisements)
Biography of Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Rather lengthy biography for older students with links to some paintings

Introduce students to the work of Renoir by projecting a few of his paintings on a large screen or SMART Board. Discuss with students what materials they think he used? Do the paintings evoke any feelings or emotions? Discuss the visual elements of the paintings, such as color, line, shape, and composition. Discuss the characteristics of the work of the Impressionists (collaborate with the art teacher on this) and how Renoir’s paintings fit with that style.


1919 – The Grand Canyon was designated as a national park.
Books about national parks:
Bauer, Marion Dane.  The Grand Canyon (Ready-to-Read, Level 1).  Illus. by John Wallace.  Aladdin,
2006.  Gr. 1-3
Brown, Craig.  Mule Train Mail.  Charlesbridge, 2009.  Gr. K-3
Carson, Mary Kay.  Park Scientists: Gila Monsters, Geysers, and Grizzly Bears in America's Own
Backyard.  Photos by Tom Uhlman.  HMH, 2014.  Gr. 5-9
Chin, Jason.  Grand Canyon.  Roaring Brook, 2017.  Gr. 2-5
Domeniconi, David.  M Is for Majestic: A National Parks Alphabet.  Illus. by Pam Carroll.  Sleeping Bear
Press, 2003.  Gr. 2-5
Fraser, Mary Ann.  In Search of the Grand Canyon: Down the Colorado with John Wesley Powell.  Henry
Holt, 1995.  Gr.4-6
Halvorsen, Lisa.  Letters Home from Grand Canyon.  Blackbirch, 2000.  Gr. 3-6
Minor, Wendell.  Grand Canyon: Exploring a Natural Wonder.  Scholastic, 1998.  Gr. 4 & above
Ray, Deborah Kogan.  Down the Colorado: John Wesley Powell, The One-Armed Explorer.  Farrar,
Straus & Giroux, 2007.  Gr. 3-5
Scanlon, Liz Garton.  In the Canyon.  Illus. by Ashley Wolff.  Beach Lane, 2015.  Gr. K-3
Skurzynski, Gloria & Ferguson, Alane.  Mysteries in Our National Parks: Over the Edge.  National
Geographic, 2002.  Gr. 5-8
Vieira, Linda.  Grand Canyon: A Trail through Time.  Illus. by Christopher Canyon.  Walker, 1997.
Gr. 3-5

Photos Archive, Grand Canyon National Park
Hundreds of spectacular photos
Grand Canyon, from the National Park Service
Includes photos and multimedia, information on history and culture, nature and science
Grand Canyon, at National Geographic
Lesson plans, activities, a play to perform, and information about animals that live in the Grand Canyon

Discuss the concept of “canyon” with students—how it is formed (usually by a river) and how it is alike or different from other landforms (e.g., mountains, foothills, prairies, etc.)
Have students locate Arizona on a map of the United States and then find the Grand Canyon on the Arizona map.
Use the photo archive listed above to look at pictures of the Grand Canyon. Discuss the appearance of colors and layers of rock. Tie to a discussion of erosion and the formation of sedimentary rock.
Invite students to share their experiences of visiting national parks. Which ones can they name? How are they different from city or state parks? Why do we have national parks?


1897 – birthdate of singer Marian Anderson
Freedman, Russell.  The Voice That Challenged a Nation: Marian Anderson and the Struggle for Equal
Rights.  Clarion, 2004.  Gr. 5-9
Hopkinson, Deborah.  Sweet Land of Liberty.  Illus. by Leonard Jenkins.  Peachtree, 2007.  Gr. 2-4
Livingston, Myra Cohn.  Keep on Singing: A Ballad of Marian Anderson.  Illus. by Samuel Byrd.  Holiday
House, 1994.  Gr. 2-4
Ryan, Pam Muñoz.  When Marian Sang: The True Recital of Marian Anderson.  Illus. by Brian Selznick.
Scholastic, 2002.  Gr. 2-5
Check school and public library shelves for biographies of Marian Anderson published in library editions.

Marian Anderson: A Life in Song
Biographical information plus audio and video excerpts of performances, recordings, interviews, and home movies—superb site!
Marian Anderson
Biography, list of music, and extensive photo gallery

Use internet sources to listen to audio clips of Marian Anderson singing, or locate recordings at the public library.
Locate a photo of Marian Anderson singing on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial on April 9, 1939 and discuss the circumstances that led to that momentous occasion. Connect this to a discussion of racism and the Civil Rights Movement.
Have students research other African American women singers of the early 20th century. (Possibilities include: Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Josephine Baker, Bessie Smith, Mahalia Jackson, Leontyne Price, Ma Rainey, Pearl Bailey, and Lena Horne.) What challenges did they face in establishing their careers? Collaborate with the music teacher to locate recordings and discuss their different styles of music.


It’s National Tooth Fairy Day
Bell-Rehwoldt, Sheri.  You Think It’s Easy Being the Tooth Fairy?  Illus. by David Slonim.  Chronicle,
2007.  Gr. K-2
Bourgeois, Paulette.  Franklin and the Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Brenda Clark.  Kids Can Press, 1995.
Gr. K-2
Bowen, Anne.  Tooth Fairy’s First Night.  Illus. by Jon Berkeley. Carolrhoda, 2004.  Gr. K-3
Brown, Marc.  Arthur Tricks the Tooth Fairy (Step Into Reading, 3).  Random House, 1998.  Gr. K-2
Child, Lauren.  My Wobbly Tooth Must Not Ever Fall Out.  Penguin, 2006.  Gr. K-2
Coombs, Kate.  The Tooth Fairy Wars.  Illus. by Jake Parker.  Atheneum, 2014.  Gr. K-3
Durant, Alan.  Dear Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Vanessa Cabban.  Candlewick, 2004.  Gr. K-2
Edwards, Pamela Duncan.  Dear Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Marie-Louise Fitzpatrick.  HarperCollins,
2003.  Gr. K-2
Elya, Susan Middleton.  Tooth on the Loose.  Illus. by Jennifer Mattheson.  Putnam, 2008.  Gr. K-2
Graham, Bob.  April and Esme: Tooth Fairies.  Candlewick, 2010.  Gr. K-2
Hobbie, Holly.  Toot and Puddle: Charming Opal.  Little, Brown, 2003.  Gr. K-3
Hood, Susan.  The Tooth Mouse.  Illus. by Janice Nadeau.  Kids Can Press, 2012.  Gr. K-3
Jay, Betsy.  Jane vs. the Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Lori Osiecki.  Rising Moon, 2000.  Gr. K-3
Kaye, Marilyn.  The Real Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Helen Cogancherry.  Harcourt, 1990.  Gr. K-2
Laínez, René Colato.  The Tooth Fairy Meets El Ratón Pérez.  Illus. by Tom Lintern.  Tricycle Press,
2010.  Gr. K-2
Levine, Arthur A.  The Very Beary Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Sarah S. Brannen.  Scholastic, 2013.  Gr. Pre-2
Luppens, Michael.  What Do the Fairies Do with All Those Teeth?  Illus. by Philippe Beha.  Firefly, 1996.
Gr. K-2
O’Connor, Jane.  Dear Tooth Fairy (All Aboard Reading, 2).  Illus. by Joy Allen.  Grosset & Dunlap,
2002.  Gr. K-2
Olson, Mary W.  Nice Try, Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Katherine Tillotson.  Simon & Schuster, 2000.  Gr. K-2
Paxton, Tom.  The Story of the Tooth Fairy.  Illus. by Robert Sauber.  HarperCollins, 1996.  Gr. K-3
Underwood, Deborah.  Here Comes the Tooth Fairy Cat.  Illus. by Claudia Rueda.  Dial, 2015.  Gr. K-2
Wilhelm, Hans.  I Lost My Tooth! (Hello Reader! Level 1).  Scholastic, 1999.  Gr. Pre-1
Wood, Audrey.  Tooth Fairy.  Child’s Play International, 2003.  Gr. K-2

Tooth Fairy Certificates
“I Lost a Tooth” certificates to print out (available in color and black-and-white)
See “Weblinks” for Dental Health Month (February 17) on the Activities Calendar.

Before putting any books on display, have students draw pictures of what they think the Tooth Fairy looks like. Display the pictures along with the books.
Invite students to imagine what the Tooth Fairy does with all the teeth and write a story about it.
Poll the class regarding where they put their lost tooth (e.g., under their pillow, in a glass of water, etc.). Read Throw Your Tooth on the Roof: Tooth Traditions from Around the World by Selby Beeler to find out what children from other cultures do with their lost teeth.


National Pancake Day is celebrated on Shrove Tuesday.
Carle, Eric.  Pancakes, Pancakes!  Simon & Schuster, 1991.  Gr. K-2
Chamberlin, Mary & Chamberlin, Richard.  Mama Panya's Pancakes.  Illus. by Julia Cairns.  Barefoot
Books, 2005.  Gr. K-3
dePaola, Tomie.  Pancakes for Breakfast.  Harcourt, 1978.  Gr. K-3
Fearnley, Jan.  Mr. Wolf's Pancakes.  Tiger Tales, 2001.  Gr. K-2
Florence, Tyler.  Tyler Makes Pancakes!  Illus. by Craig Frazier.  HarperCollins, 2012.  Gr. K-2
Isaacs, Anne.  Pancakes for Supper.  Illus. by Mark Teague.  Scholastic, 2006.  Gr. K-3
Luckhurst, Matthew.  Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox: The Great Pancake Adventure.  Abrams,
2012.  Gr. K-3
Many, Paul.  The Great Pancake Escape.  Illus. by Scott Goto.  Walker, 2002.  Gr. K-3
McPhail, David.  Piggy's Pancake Parlor.  Dutton, 2002.  Gr. 1-3
Numeroff, Laura.  If You Give a Pig a Pancake.  Illus. by Felicia Bond.  HarperCollins, 1998.  Gr. Pre-2
Weston, Tamson.  Hey, Pancakes!  Illus. by Stephen Gammell.  Harcourt, 2003.  Gr. Pre-2

Pancake Recipes
Recipes for MANY different kinds of pancakes, including hoe cake, johnnycake, flannel cake, and the use of unique ingredients (advertisements)
International Pancakes Collection
Recipes from 17 countries (advertisements)
Pancake Lovers
Some history and facts, several recipes, "tips & tricks" including how to make alphabet letters with pancake batter

Explore different vocabulary terms and variations of "pancake," including flapjack, hoecake, johnnycake, crepe, hotcake, griddle cake, waffle, flannel cake, tortilla, and batter cake. Older students could investigate the derivations of these terms.
Read pancake books. Make pancakes! Put the recipe on a chart so students can consult it as they cook. Use the opportunity to discuss measurement terms and the importance of following directions.
Share the pancake concrete poem located in the Poetry Nook.


Return to February Activities Calendar

Last updated 06/21/17

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